Archiv für den Monat April 2012
Musterwiderspruch an das Jobcenter und Musterantrag an das Sozialgericht gegen die Aufrechnung von Mietkautionszahlungen im laufenden Hartz IV Bezug
Das Sozialgericht Berlin hat in einem Beschluss zum Antrag einer einstweiligen Anordnung entschieden, dass eine 10 Prozent Kürzung der Hartz IV Regelleistungen über einen längeren Zeitraum (hier 23 Monate) zur Tilgung eines Darlehens für die Mietkaution rechtlich unzulässig ist. Die evangelische Obdachlosen e.V. hat vor diesem Hintergrund einen Musterwiderspruch an das Jobcenter und einen Musterantrag an das Sozialgericht erstellt.
Ohne die Zahlung einer Mietkaution oder der Bereitstellung einer Bürgschaft können Bürger keine Wohnung mieten. Hartz IV oder Sozialhilfebezieher (SGB II oder SGB XII) können einen Antrag beim zuständigen Jobcenter auf Übernahme der Kaution stellen (§ 22 Abs. 6 SGB II, § 35 Abs. 2 Satz 4 SGB XII). Im Normalfall wird diese als Darlehen gewährt. Bislang wurde das Darlehen für die Mietkaution durch eine Aufrechnung eines Anteils der ALG II Regelleistung durch die Behörden nicht vorgenommen. Seit den Neuregelungen in § 42a Abs. 2 Satz 1 SGB II seit ersten April 2011 können Behörden eine sofortige anteilige Tilgung in Höhe von zehn Prozent verlangen. Das Sozialgericht Berlin hat in einem Urteil (Az: S 37 AS 24431/11 ER) jedoch festgestellt, dass Hartz IV Bezieher die Kaution als Darlehen ohne Einbehaltung von Raten zur Tilgung erhalten sollen.
Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
- MDE 13/023/2012
- 26. April 2012
HAMID GHASSEMI-SHALL, iranisch-kanadischer Staatsbürger
Hamid Ghassemi-Shall, der die iranische und kanadische Staatsangehörigkeit besitzt, droht offenbar im Iran unmittelbar die Hinrichtung. Am 15. April erfuhr seine Familie, dass sein Todesurteil an die Justizbehörde zur Vollstreckung von Todesurteilen weitergeleitet worden ist.
Hamid Ghassemi-Shall wurde am 24. Mai 2008 festgenommen, als er gerade seine Mutter im Iran besuchte. Sein älterer Bruder Alborz Ghassemi-Shall war etwa zwei Wochen zuvor festgenommen worden. Beide Brüder wurden 18 Monate lang im Teheraner Evin-Gefängnis in Einzelhaft und ohne Zugang zu rechtlicher Vertretung festgehalten. Im November 2009 wurden Hamid und Alborz Ghassemi-Shall schließlich aus der Einzelhaft in einen Trakt mit anderen Häftlingen verlegt.
In einem unfairen Gerichtsverfahren wurden beide Männer am 29. Dezember 2008 vor dem Revolutionsgericht zum Tode verurteilt. Das Gericht befand sie wegen Spionage und Verbindungen zur verbotenen Oppositionsgruppe der Volksmudschaheddin (People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran – PMOI) der “Feindschaft zu Gott” (moharebeh) für schuldig. Amnesty International vorliegenden Informationen zufolge bestanden die Beweise gegen die beiden Brüder aus einem “Geständnis” und einer E-Mail, die Hamid Ghassemi-Shall an Alborz Ghassemi-Shall, der in der Vergangenheit als Maschinenbauingenieur für die iranische Armee gearbeitet hatte, gesendet haben soll. Hamid Ghassemi-Shall bestreitet das Versenden der E-Mail. Das Urteil gegen die beiden Männer wurde am 7. November 2009 vom iranischen Obersten Gerichtshof aufrechterhalten. Im Januar 2010 starb Alborz Ghassemi-Shall, der an Magenkrebs litt, im Gefängnis.
Angaben von Hamid Ghassemi-Shall zufolge stand er im Evin-Gefängnis, bevor ihm Zugang zu rechtlicher Vertretung gewährt wurde, unter “sehr großem Druck”, ein “Geständnis” abzulegen. Unter Folter erzwungene “Geständnisse” werden in iranischen Gerichten regelmäßig als Beweismittel herangezogen. Dies verstößt gegen das Recht des Angeklagten auf ein faires Gerichtsverfahren. Die iranischen Behörden haben in der Vergangenheit auch damit gedroht, die mittlerweile verstorbene Schwester von Hamid und Alborz Ghassemi-Shall, Mahin Ghassemi�Shall, festzunehmen, weil sie sich öffentlich für ihre Brüder eingesetzt hatte. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
by TORI EGHERMAN
Redefining “leftovers,” “hot,” and “cold,” and more lessons from the Iranian kitchen.
Every time we had people over for dinner, my husband would say to me, “Tori, we didn’t make enough food.”"How can that be?” I’d ask. “There are leftovers.” It wasn’t until we moved to Iran in 2003 for a four-year stay that I understood what he meant. A chicken leg or two is not leftovers. It’s ta’rof – good manners. It’s what the guests leave behind so you won’t think you served them insufficiently. “Enough food” means that another party can be fed with what is left over at the end of the evening.
The first time we were invited out in Iran, we were served omelets, fish, whole roasted chicken, yogurt and cucumbers, yogurt and spinach, tomato, cucumber, and onion salad, salad with iceberg lettuce and Thousand Island dressing, spring chicken kebabs, and chopped lamb kebabs. All of this was brought to the table just before midnight. Kamran whispered, “Do they think we’re cows?”
I tell you this so you won’t balk at the amount of food my friend Zohreh Sanaseri (pictured) prepared for our dinner of ghelye (ghalieh) mahi – a stew of fish, herbs, and tamarind paste. She invited three others to share the stew with us, but made enough for at least ten people.
In four years of living in Iran, I never once encountered ghelye mahi. In fact, it wasn’t until a night out at a Persian restaurant in Amsterdam that I ate it for the first time. The flavor was surprising: sharp, sour, sweet, and fishy all at once. It was made with many of the ingredients found in other stews I’d eaten in Iran, but tasted nothing like them. I searched for recipes and tried making it a few times before giving up. None was as good as my first time…
And then I ate ghelye mahi at the home of my friend Zohreh, who hails from the city of Abadan in southwestern Iran. “It was the Paris of Iran,” the eldest of her two daughters, who were born in the Netherlands, tells me. “Was,” Zohreh emphasizes. “Before the war.”
It was the war with Iraq that drove Zohreh and her family out of Iran. She settled in the Netherlands with her husband when she was just 25. “I had never cooked before in my life,” she says. “I learned everything here.” Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
by ARASH KARAMI and NEGAR MORTAZAVI
26 Apr 2012 22:235 Comments
Afghan family being deported (ISNA/Amir Pourmand).
Afghan nationals will be expelled from the northern Iranian province of Mazandaran in the coming months. According to government officials all Afghans, with or without legal status, have been given a deadline to leave the province; those who fail to depart by the deadline will be arrested and expelled. Mazandaran, on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, is a major tourist destination. Many upper-class Tehran families own resorts and villas in the province. Mazandaran officials have expressed their concern for the safety of tourists as the tourism season starts and have stated their belief that this legislation will ensure public safety. According to government statistics, over 3,000 Afghan nationals in Mazandaran were arrested and deported last year.Mazandaran is not the first province to announce such legislation directed at Afghan immigrants. Gilan, Lorestan, Hamedan, and Kermanshah have also banned or put restrictions on Afghan nationals. Last month, police officials in Isfahan announced that Afghan citizens would be barred from entering city parks during the Nowruz holidays. However, the move sparked such intense criticism that police officials were forced to back down from confronting park attendees.
According to official statistics, Iran is home to over a million Afghan refugees. The Iranian government has been struggling to absorb the influx of immigrants who have been coming in waves from Afghanistan since the Soviet invasion in the 1980s. Many have taken on jobs in construction or other forms of manual labor. Crimes committed by Afghans nationals are heavily publicized, generating anti-Afghan sentiment across Iranian society. On the other hand, discriminatory government policies, such as the law that bans Afghan children, even those born in Iran, from attending school, have been widely condemned.
Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan have recently reached an agreement on Afghan refugees that allows Afghan nationals to remain in Iran and Pakistan until 2017. According to Fars News, “voluntary repatriation of Afghan refugees from Iran has slowed in recent years in the face of poor security and economic conditions in Afghanistan, which Tehran blames on the U.S.-led invasion of the country in 2001.”
Source: Arash Karami and Negar Mortazavi
Press Roundup provides a selected summary of news from the Farsi and Arabic press and excerpts where the source is in English. Tehran Bureau has not verified these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy. Any views expressed are the authors’ own. Please refer to the Media Guide to help put the stories in perspective. You can follow breaking news stories on our Twitter feed.
11:55 p.m. IRDT, 8 Ordibihesht/April 27 In the runup to the next round of talks concerning Iran’s nuclear program between representatives of the Islamic Republic and the P5+1 — the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, plus Germany — unnamed U.S. government officials have told the Los Angeles Times that the Obama administration is prepared to accept ongoing Iranian uranium enrichment in what the paper characterizes as a “major concession.” According to the Times, the officials said
they might agree to let Tehran continue enriching uranium up to concentrations of 5% if the Iranian government agreed to unrestricted inspections, and strict oversight and safeguards that the United Nations long has demanded.Iran has begun enriching small amounts of uranium to 20% purity in February 2010 for what it contends are peaceful purposes, although most of its stockpile is purified at lower levels. Uranium can be used as bomb fuel at about 90% enrichment.
The question of whether to approve even low-level enrichment is highly controversial within the U.S. government and among its allies because of the risk that Iranian scientists still might be able to gain the knowledge and experience to someday build a bomb.
But a consensus has gradually emerged among U.S. and foreign officials that the Iranians are unlikely to accede to a complete halt to enrichment, and that pushing this demand could make it impossible to reach a negotiated deal to stop Iran’s program short of a military attack.
After talks that took place in Istanbul two weeks ago, which participants on both sides described as much more positive in tone than previous negotiations, another round of talks was scheduled for May 23 in the Iraqi capital of Baghdad. The uranium enriched to what the Times describes as 20 percent — the actual level is 19.75 percent — has evidently been used as fuel for the specialized Tehran Research Reactor, which produces radioisotopes for cancer treatment.
The position described in today’s report is likely to come under fire from presumptive Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney who, addressing the American Israel Public Affairs Committee’s annual conference last month, advocated subjecting Iran to a “diplomatic isolation program” such as the one imposed on South Africa during the latter years of the apartheid era. Romney also mocked the Obama administration’s approach — “Hope is not a foreign policy” — and made the surprising assertion, referring to the International Atomic Energy Agency, that the West “may not know when Iran will secure sufficient fissile material to threaten the entire world, but the IAEA warns that that hour is fast approaching.” Fissile material, in this context, is generally understood to mean the sort of 90-percent-enriched weapons-grade uranium mentioned in the Los Angeles Times story. The IAEA has never suggested that Iran possesses any fissile material at all nor that it is on the verge of initiating production of it.
Source: Tehran Bureau
Smogalarm und Verkehrsinfarkt prägen das Leben in der iranischen Hauptstadt. Zu lange hat Teheran nur auf den Autoverkehr gesetzt und achtspurige Stadtautobahnen gebaut. Jetzt träumen Städteplaner von einer Straßenbahn und Dezentralisierung. vonSilke Mertins Berlin
On April 26, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton commented on the new diplomatic effort with Iran. She made her remarks at an event hosted by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. The following is an excerpt:
We’re also looking for how to operate multidimensional diplomacy at all times. Building and holding a coalition to pressure and isolate Iran is one example, but there are others as well. Our willingness to engage showed good faith. Our willingness to listen showed humility. Our willingness to hammer out the kinds of solutions that would be acceptable beyond the usual suspects who always are with us is paying off.
Source: UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE
Ted Wynne works for the Center for Conflict Management at the U. S. Institute of Peace.
Source: UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE
If this leak is supported by senior figures in Washington, this is a significant move from the US Government in the nuclear negotiations:
In a major concession, Obama administration officials say they could support allowing Iran to continue a crucial element of its disputed nuclear program if the government in Tehran took other major steps to curb its ability to develop a nuclear bomb.
The officials told the Los Angeles Times they might agree to let Tehran continue enriching uranium up to concentrations of 5% if the Iranian government agreed to unrestricted inspections, and strict oversight and safeguards that the United Nations long has demanded.
Iran has begun enriching small amounts of uranium to 20% purity in February 2010 for what it contends are peaceful purposes, although most of its stockpile is purified at lower levels. Uranium can be used as bomb fuel at about 90% enrichment.
This is the first time that Washington has not only acknowledged the principle of Iran enriching uranium on its territory but also put a number on the level. And, coincidentally or otherwise, that 5% figure matches what EA was told this week by a knowledgeable British source.
Still, this is a long way from a deal. The Los Angeles Times, beneficiary of the leak, only sees part of the story: “The proposed shift in the U.S. position is likely to prompt strong objections from some officials in Israel, from presumptive Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney, and from some members of Congress who have staked out more aggressive positions than the Obama administration.”
Just as significant is this question: will Iran, with its new-found capability to enrich to 20%, be willing to pull back to 5%? And if so, what will it seek in return from the US and European powers?
0627 GMT: Cartoon of the Day. For the second time in the last week, Fars, linked to the Revolutionary Guards, has used a cartoon to express worries over the economy — the question is posed, over price tags, “Are these fruits for sale or just to look at?”
0620 GMT: Threat of the Day. Amir Ali Hajizadeh, the commander of the Aerospace Force of the Revolutionary Guards, has said Turkey should expect “deformed children and incurable diseases”as the result of NATO’s missile shield to be placed in the country.
Hajizadeh had warned last year that his country could target the relevant installations in Turkey if faced with a military attack, “We have prepared ourselves if any threat is staged against Iran. We will target NATO’s missile shield in Turkey and will then attack other targets.”
At that time, Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi dismissed the threats and reassured Turkey that they are not Iran’s official policy, according to reports in Turkish media. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
This Christian convert who had been arrested by plain clothes security authorities in his house was released after 6 months in custody under certain conditions. During this time he was subjected to interrogation and accused of evangelism.
According to reporters of Iranian Christian news agency, Mohabat News, Fariborz Arazm, a Christian convert, was conditionally released after six months imprisonment in notorious Evin prison.
After his arrest, Mr. Arazm was held in Rajaei-Shahr prison of Karaj but after some time officials transferred him to Evin prison for further interrogation.
News sources told Mohabat News that a court announced he was charged with being in contact with missionaries and also of promoting the Christian faith among Iranian Muslims.
Eventually, Mr. Arazm was conditionally released on April 11 after six months of uncertainty in Evin prison.
Three other Christian converts were also named in Mr. Arazm’s case and their arrests had been planned as well. However, they left Iran before security authorities could arrest them.
Mr. Arazm spent 21 days in solitary confinement in the general ward of Rajaei-Shahr prison of Karaj. He was then transferred to ward 350 of Evin prison in Tehran for further interrogation. He was held there until his release.
It should be remembered that Mr. Fariborz Arazm, a 44 year old married Christian convert from Robat-Karim county, was arrested by four plain clothes security authorities in his own residence.
The security authorities arrested Mr. Arazm, thoroughly searched his home making a mess of it and in the end took some of his personal belongings with them including the Hard-drive of his computer, CDs, photos and a number of Bibles.
that same day, security authorities also arrested a young man called Mohammad in Shahriar county and transferred him to the Intelligence Office located in the same county. There, they interrogated him and accused him of having a Christian faith. However, in response he said that he is still studying about Christianity and has not accepted it as his religion yet. He was released the same day after signing a disclaimer and being threatened.
It is noteworthy that harassment and discrimination against religious minorities has been a major Human Rights violation issue by the Islamic regime of Iran, during the last 30 years.
On 22 April 2012, prominent Iranian human rights defender Ms Narges Muhammadi was summoned by the Ministry of the Intelligence to begin a six year prison sentence handed down by the Iranian Court of Appeal.
Narges Muhammadie has reportedly been taken to Evin Prison in Tehran. Narges Muhammadi is the deputy director of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre (DHRC) and founder and director of the National Peace Council. She won the Alexander Kanger award in 2009 and the Swedish Human Rights award in 2012 for her human rights activities. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
AFP: ”Iran is busy acquiring the technical know-how to launch a potentially crippling cyber-attack on the United States and its allies, experts told a congressional hearing on Thursday, urging the US to step up its defensive measures. ‘Over the past three years, the Iranian regime has invested heavily in both defensive and offensive capabilities in cyberspace,’ said Ilan Berman, vice president of the American Foreign Policy Council. ‘Equally significant, its leaders now increasingly appear to view cyber-warfare as a potential avenue of action against the United States,’ he told a House Homeland Security subcommittee. Patrick Meehan, Republican chairman of the committee, also sounded an alarm over the cyber-security threat posed by Iran to western nations. ‘As Iran’s illicit nuclear program continues to inflame tensions between Tehran and the West, I am struck by the emergence of another possible avenue of attack emanating from Iran — the possibility that Iran could conduct a cyber attack against the US homeland,’ he said.”http://t.uani.com/Jr5Lip
Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Government Should End Pattern of Illegal Use of Lethal Force in Northwest Border Provinces
Iranian Kurds and Unemployed Resort to Dangerous Black-Market Work
Bardehnaz Piranshahr border. Photo by Shirkoo Jahani for the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran
(27 April 2012) The Iranian government should immediately investigate the numerous cases of border security forces killing couriers in the northwestern provinces of West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, and Kermanshah, and hold accountable those responsible for such calloususe of unlawful force, the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran said today. The government should also review its border security measures and the growing pattern of excessive use of lethal force, and should adopt clear polices to stop unlawful and unnecessary killing, the Campaign added.
“The ongoing cold-blooded killing of cross-border couriers (often called kulbar) by security officials is unacceptable, and the Iranian government must put an end to it,” Campaign spokesperson Hadi Ghaemi said. “The use of lethal force against these people, who are unarmed and are simply avoiding authorities, is unjustifiable, violates international law, and must be investigated.” Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Reuters: ”Iran has been forced to deploy more than half its fleet of supertankers to store oil at anchorage in the Gulf as buyers of its crude cut back because of sanctions, two Iran-based shipping sources said. The sources, who are familiar with operations at Iran’s main export terminal Kharg Island in the north of the Gulf, said 14 of National Iranian Tanker Company’s (NITC) fleet of 25 very large crude carriers, each loaded with about 2 million barrels of oil, are now at anchor acting as floating storage. A further five of Iran’s nine Suezmax tankers, with capacity of one million barrels, are also parked offshore with oil aboard. That means that of Iran’s 59-million-barrel fleet of VLCCs and Suezmax sized tankers, 33 million barrels of capacity are being used to store crude at sea in the Gulf, or 56 percent of the fleet.” http://t.uani.com/IfzTye Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Kleine Anfrage - Drucksache 17 / 10 290
der Abgeordneten Martin Beck und Katrin Schmidberger (GRÜNE)
vom 08. März 2012 (Eingang beim Abgeordnetenhaus am 08. März 2012) und Antwort
Wohnsituation von EmpfängerInnen von Arbeitslosengeld II und Zwangsmaßnahmen
Im Namen des Senats von Berlin beantworte ich Ihre Kleine Anfrage wie folgt:
1. Wann legt der Senat eine rechtssichere Verordnung zu den Kosten der Unterkunft für Alogeld-EmpfängerInnen vor?
Zu 1.: Der Senat hat am 03. April 2012 die „Verordnung zur Bestimmung der angemessenen Aufwendungen für Unterkunft und Heizung nach dem Zweiten und Zwölften Buch Sozialgesetzbuch“ beschlossen.
2. In welcher Höhe werden die Kosten der Unterkunftskosten im Haushaltsplan 2012/13 ver-anschlagt?
Warum sind diese Zahlen nicht transparent und nachvollziehbar im Haushaltplanentwurf des Senats dargestellt?
Zu 2.: Die Kosten der Unterkunft sind Bestandteil der Globalsummenzuweisung an die Berliner Bezirke (siehe Kapitel 2909). Mit Schreiben vom 15.04.2011 der Senatsverwaltung für Finanzen (rote Nummer 16/2430) ist den Bezirken die Kalkulation der Globalsummen und damit auch die Zuweisungshöhe für die Kosten der Unterkunft übermittelt worden. Veranschlagt werden die Mittel in den bezirklichen Haushaltsplänen, die dem Parlament und der Senatsverwaltung für Finanzen spätestens zum 19.03.2012 vorzulegen sind. Die Senatsverwaltung für Finanzen wird die Veranschlagungen einer Nachschau unterziehen, die dem Hauptausschuss in einem gesonderten Bericht zu den Haushaltsberatungen vorgelegt wird.
3. Wie beurteilt der Senat die fortgesetzte Anwendung der rechtswidrigen AV-Wohnen?
Zu 3.: Die AV Wohnen hatte und hat ihre Rechts-grundlage in § 5 Ausführungsgesetz zum SGB II in Verbindung mit § 22 SGB II. Als Ausführungsvorschrift des Landes Berlin bindet sie die Verwaltung, nicht jedoch die Gerichte, die für sich in Anspruch nehmen, allein den unbestimmten Rechtsbegriff der Angemessenheit auszulegen, wenn – wie im Fall der AV-Wohnen – das Konzept zur Angemessenheitsbestimmung nicht offen-gelegt ist. Allein darauf beziehen sich die Gerichte, wenn von Rechtswidrigkeit die Rede ist. Die AV-Wohnen ist keineswegs in ihrer Gesamtheit rechtswidrig.
Die Möglichkeit, die Angemessenheit durch eine – auch die Gerichte bindenden -Rechtsverordnung nach
§ 22a SGB II zu bestimmen, wurde erst durch Rechtsänderung zum 01.04.2011 eröffnet. Davon hat der Senat mit Beschluss einer Rechtsverordnung am 03. April 2012 (siehe Antwort zu 1.) Gebrauch gemacht.
Letter — Blocking the Property and Suspending Entry into the United States of Certain Persons with Respect to Grave Human Rights Abuses by the Governments of Iran and Syria via Information Technology
The White House
Office of the Press Secretary
Letter — Blocking the Property and Suspending Entry into the United States of Certain Persons with Respect to Grave Human Rights Abuses by the Governments of Iran and Syria via Information Technology
Dear Mr. Speaker: (Dear Mr. President:)
Pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), I hereby report that I have issued an Executive Order (the “order”) that takes additional steps with respect to the national emergencies declared in Executive Order 12957 of March 15, 1995, and relied on for additional steps in subsequent Executive Orders, and in Executive Order 13338 of May 11, 2004, as modified in scope and relied on for additional steps in subsequent Executive Orders.
I have determined that the commission of serious human rights abuses against the people of Iran and Syria by their governments, facilitated by computer and network disruption, monitoring, and tracking by those governments, and abetted by entities in Iran and Syria that are complicit in those governments’ malign use of technology for those purposes, threaten the national security and foreign policy of the United States. Consistent with the vital importance of providing technology that enables the Iranian and Syrian people to freely communicate with each other and the outside world, as well as the preservation, to the extent possible, of global telecommunications supply chains for essential products and services to enable the free flow of information, the measures in the order are designed primarily to address the need to prevent entities located in whole or in part in Iran and Syria from facilitating or committing serious human rights abuses. To address this situation, the order takes additional steps with respect to the national emergencies described above.
The order blocks the property and interests in property, and suspends entry into the United States, of persons listed in the Annex to the order, as well as persons determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with or at the recommendation of the Secretary of State:
to have operated, or to have directed the operation of, information and communications technology that facilitates computer or network disruption, monitoring, or tracking that could assist in or enable grave rights abuses by or on behalf of the Government of Iran or the Government of Syria;
to have sold, leased, or otherwise provided, directly or indirectly, goods, services, or technology to Iran or Syria likely to be used to facilitate computer or network disruption, monitoring, or tracking that could assist in or enable grave human rights abuses by or on behalf of the Government of Iran or the Government of Syria; Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
EXECUTIVE ORDER – BLOCKING THE PROPERTY AND SUSPENDING ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES OF CERTAIN PERSONS WITH RESPECT TO GRAVE HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES BY THE GOVERNMENTS OF IRAN AND SYRIA VIA INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
- – - – - – -
BLOCKING THE PROPERTY AND SUSPENDING ENTRY INTO THE
UNITED STATES OF CERTAIN PERSONS WITH RESPECT TO GRAVE
HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES BY THE GOVERNMENTS OF IRAN AND SYRIA
VIA INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, as amended (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,
I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, hereby determine that the commission of serious human rights abuses against the people of Iran and Syria by their governments, facilitated by computer and network disruption, monitoring, and tracking by those governments, and abetted by entities in Iran and Syria that are complicit in their governments’ malign use of technology for those purposes, threaten the national security and foreign policy of the United States. The Governments of Iran and Syria are endeavoring to rapidly upgrade their technological ability to conduct such activities. Cognizant of the vital importance of providing technology that enables the Iranian and Syrian people to freely communicate with each other and the outside world, as well as the preservation, to the extent possible, of global telecommunications supply chains for essential products and services to enable the free flow of information, the measures in this order are designed primarily to address the need to prevent entities located in whole or in part in Iran and Syria from facilitating or committing serious human rights abuses. In order to take additional steps with respect to the national emergencies declared in Executive Order 12957 of March 15, 1995, as relied upon for additional steps in subsequent Executive Orders, and in Executive Order 13338 of May 11, 2004, as modified in scope and relied upon for additional steps in subsequent Executive Orders, and to address the situation described above, I hereby order: Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
On April 23, the White House issued a new Executive Order targeting “grave human rights abusers” in Iran and Syria. The following are key excerpts of the letter to Congress and links to both the full letter and the Executive Order.
arte: Wilder Iran – Teil 2 – In den grünen Norden ( Dokumentation, Deutschland/Iran 2011 ) ,Freitag,27.April 2012, 19:30 Uhr
Wüsten und große Seen, urige Laubwälder, sprudelnde Wasserfälle und schneebedeckte Berge – der Iran bietet überraschend spektakuläre Landschaften. Die abgelegenen Nationalparks des riesigen Landes beherbergen eine einzigartige Mischung von Tierarten aus Afrika, Asien und Europa, Bären neben Leoparden, Flamingos und Geiern. Die zweite Folge zeigt Tier- und Pflanzenwelt im Norden des Irans.
Der Deutsch-Iraner Benny Rebel, international renommierter Tierfotograf und Umweltschützer, macht sich im zweiten Teil von “Wilder Iran” auf den Weg in den Norden des Landes.
Auch auf dieser Reise gelingen dem Naturfotografen wieder überraschende Aufnahmen von seltenen Tieren. Aus seinen Verstecken beobachtet er Antilopen und stattliche Wildschafe in den Gebirgen.
Moschee in der Oase Tabas im Iran
Leoparden und Braunbären kreuzen seinen Weg im märchenhaften Laubwald. Und am größten See der Welt, dem Kaspischen Meer, sammeln sich rosafarbene Flamingos zur Nahrungssuche. Auf seiner Foto- und Filmreise dokumentiert Benny Rebel die Naturschätze des Irans, auch um sich bei der Regierung seines Heimatlandes für deren Schutz einzusetzen.
A person from Iran was on hunger strike for eight days inside Calais’ immigration prison before he was deported.
Hello my dear friends and thank you for helping me.
I have been in French prison for 20 days. I am going to shorten my speech – I had many difficulties in Iran, that is why I escaped. Religious and political difficulties, I can’t write them all here. Actually you know about the problems in Iran. I shall tell you some of them; firstly, I could never say what was in my heart otherwise I would be oppressed, put in prison or even executed. I escaped from Iran to Europe to have a good and comfortable life and I wish to live peacefully. What a pity it’s not like that. There are the same spiritual and physical oppressions as in Iran, while they claim they are human rights defenders. Is this a human right? Do I have the right to live? If I do, why do they treat us like animals and put us in prison? All of this is lies. They just make speeches on TV but actually everything in this world is lies. All dreams, nothing more.
Now I shall tell you about the difficulties afflicted on me by this country. I have neither seen Hungary, my feet have never touched the soil of Hungary. Nor have I fingerprints or claimed asylum there. Why does Hungary want me? And why is France going to deport me to a country where I have no fingerprints – I have never even wanted to be in that country.
I am very angry about the Judge’s verdict and have stopped eating. I will not eat again until I am judged correctly. I will not eat even if I die. I write this to you dear friends so that you know everything that happened to me. Follow my situation, don’t forget me because the French police have threatened me with three years imprisonment unless I accept the deportation to Hungary.
Thank you dear friends. Until the day of absolutely freedom and correct justice – goodbye.
Source: Calais Migrant Org.
0642 GMT: Economy Watch. Davoud Javani, the Secretary of the Service Industries Union, has claimed that the Government, which “only employs about 50,000 people”, is interfering in the jobs of the private sector.
Javani warned that, if the interference continues, 23 trillion Toman (about $19 billion) of capital from the service industries could be diverted to dollar and gold markets.
0635 GMT: Revolutionary Guards Watch. In a possible sign of the ongoing tension between senior clerics and some political leaders, Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi has told Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps commanders in Qom that the Guards “would suffer damage if separated from the maraje (clerics)”. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Iran Feature: The Week in Civil Society — A Death Sentence, Detaining Activists, Arresting Dogs (Arseh Sevom)
Activist Narges Mohamadi, summoned to serve a six-year prison sentence, with her two children
The weekly round-up of news and issues in civil society from our colleagues at Arseh Sevom:
It was hard not to be concerned over the state of civil society in Iran last week with the arrest of human rights defender Narges Mohammadi, the sentencing of Mansoureh Behkish, a member of the Mourning Mothers, and the ongoing campaign against free speech and free information. The one positive story was the rights workshops for children caught up in the juvenile detention system in Tehran.
“Don’t let my brother die. Not again!”
“Imagine how my mother must be feeling — after the loss of her first son to the prisons of the Islamic Republic just over a year ago, then mourning the death of her daughter — on the day we went to Evin Prison to tell my second brother, Hamid Ghassemi, that an official had told us his death sentence had been confirmed,” Parvin Ghassemi told exiled journalist, Masih Alinejad. “They based [my brother’s] death sentence on a questionable email print-out.”
In 2008, Captain Alborz Ghassemi was arrested on espionage charges. Hamid Ghassemi — who is a Canadian citizen — was visiting Iran at the time to see family. He followed up on the arrest of his brother, visiting military intelligence several times, before being arrested himself on the same charges. According toKalameh (in translation), evidence in the case of both was fabricated. The captain died in prison. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Sie leben in drei völlig unterschiedlichen Welten, doch sie haben vieles gemeinsam: Farnaz Seifi aus dem Iran, Zeng Jinyan in China und Yoani Sánchez in Kuba sind mutige junge Frauen, die sich mit Blogs für die Menschenrechte engagieren. Ihre Regierungen versuchen auf jede erdenkliche Weise, sie zu behindern, als staatsfeindliche Agentinnen zu verleumden und mundtot zu machen – von der Einschränkung des Internetzugangs bis hin zu direkten Angriffen auf sie als Person.
Der Film «Forbidden Voices» - Verbotene Stimmen porträtiert in eindrücklicher Weise die drei unerschrockenen Bloggerinnen und verdeutlicht ihre Motivation, ihr Umfeld und ihre Arbeitsweise.
Die Protagonistinnen des Films sind auch für Amnesty International keine Unbekannten: für alle drei haben wir uns wiederholt in Brief- und Solidaritätsaktionen eingesetzt.
Wir laden Sie herzlich ein, an einer von zwei Vorpremieren in Bern und in Basel mit jeweils anschliessender Podiumsdiskussion teilzunehmen:
- In Bern am Donnerstag, 3. Mai, dem Welttag der Pressefreiheit, um 18:30 Uhr im cineMovie 1, in Anwesenheit der iranischen Bloggerin und Film-Protagonistin Farnaz Seifi
- In Basel am Donnerstag, 10. Mai, um 18:30 Uhr, kult.kino camera, in Anwesenheit der Filmregisseurin Barbara Miller.
Source: Amnesty Schweiz
Land Berlin: Verordnung zur Bestimmung der Höhe der angemessenen Aufwendungen für Unterkunft und Heizung nach dem Zweiten und Zwölften Buch Sozialgesetzbuch (Wohnaufwendungenverordnung – WAV)
vom 03. April 2012 (GVBl. S. 99)
- § 1 – Anwendungsbereich
- § 2 – Begriffsbestimmungen
- § 3 – Datengrundlagen
- § 4 – Gesamtangemessenheitsgrenze
- § 5 – Quadratmeterhöchstmiete
- § 6 – Besondere Bedarfe für Unterkunft und Heizung zur Bestimmung der individuellen Angemessenheit
- § 7 – Überprüfung nach Neufestsetzung
- § 8 – Inkrafttreten
- Anlage 1 (zu § 3 Absatz 4)
- Anlage 2 (zu § 4)
- Konzept zur Bestimmung der Höhe der angemessenen Aufwendungen für Unterkunft und Heizung(Begründung gemäß § 22b Absatz 2 des Zweiten Buches Sozialgesetzbuch)
- Hier erhalten Sie weitere Informationen
Auf Grund des § 8 des Gesetzes zur Ausführung des Zweiten Buches Sozialgesetzbuch vom 15. Dezember 2010 (GVBl. S. 557), das durch Artikel IV des Gesetzes vom 13. Juli 2011 (GVBl. S. 344) geändert worden ist, wird verordnet:
Diese Verordnung regelt, in welcher Höhe im Land Berlin Aufwendungen für Unterkunft und Heizung angemessen im Sinne des § 22 Absatz 1 Satz 1 des Zweiten Buches Sozialgesetzbuch sind. Die Regelungen erfolgen auf der Grundlage der §§ 22a bis 22c des Zweiten Buches Sozialgesetzbuch.
(2) Zu den tatsächlichen Aufwendungen für selbst bewohntes Wohneigentum gehören die mit dem selbst bewohnten Wohneigentum verbundenen Belastungen. Wenn der Erhalt des Wohneigentums durch den Wegfall der Anschlussförderung gefährdet ist und nach den jeweils geltenden Härteausgleichsvorschriften Zuwendungen gewährt werden, mindern diese die tatsächlichen Aufwendungen in entsprechender Höhe.
(3) Zu den Belastungen gehören insbesondere
- Schuldzinsen und dauernde Lasten (z. B. Erbbauzins),
- Steuern von Grundbesitz, sonstige öffentliche Abgaben und Versicherungsbeiträge,
- unabweisbare Aufwendungen für Instandhaltung und Reparatur im Sinne des § 22 Absatz 2 Satz 1 des Zweiten Buches Sozialgesetzbuch (Erhaltungsaufwand), auch einmalig anfallende Bedarfe, die die Bewohnbarkeit und den Substanzerhalt des Wohneigentums sicherstellen, nicht jedoch der Wertverbesserung dienen; nicht der Wertverbesserung dienen notwendige Maßnahmen nach dem Stand der Technik in der preisgünstigsten Variante,
- sonstige Aufwendungen zur Bewirtschaftung des Haus- und Grundbesitzes,
- umlagefähige Betriebs- und Heizkosten sowie Warmwasserbereitungskosten, sofern die Erzeugung nicht dezentral im Sinne des § 21 Absatz 7 Satz 1 des Zweiten Buches Sozialgesetzbuch erfolgt, wie bei Mietwohnungen; dazu gehören auch einmalig anfallende Nachzahlungen, die dem Bedarf für Unterkunft und Heizung zuzuordnen sind, sowie
- im Einzelfall zur Erhaltung des Wohneigentums unvermeidbare, auch anteilige Tilgungsleistungen, wenn der Leistungsberechtigte ansonsten gezwungen wäre, das selbst bewohnte Wohneigentum aufzugeben und die Finanzierung weitestgehend abgeschlossen ist. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Tehran is setting conditions to claim that the Strait of Hormuz is Iranian territorial water and thereby create a new crisis that can serve as a distraction from efforts to curtail its nuclear program. Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited Abu Musa Island on April 11. The regime has militarized that island by constructing an airstrip and deploying missile systems there. Iranian parliamentarians are now pushing legislation that would incorporate Abu Musa and two other islands also belonging to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) under a new Iranian administrative province (“Persian Gulf”) with a provincial capital at Abu Musa. Such an action would provide further justification for the spurious claim that these three islands form an Iranian archipelago in the Strait that would justify Tehran’s claim that the Strait itself is Iranian territorial water. The falsity of that claim is far less important than the fact that Tehran is steering aggressively toward this new confrontation.
Abu Musa, the Greater Tunb, and Lesser Tunb islands are territories of the UAE seized by the Iranian military in 1971. Tehran has used its occupation of the islands as a basis for claiming sovereignty over the Strait as part of its territorial waters in the past. It has angrily rejected assertions that its occupation of the islands is illegal while periodically threatening free passage through what is, in fact, an open international waterway. Iran’s deployment of military assets to Abu Musa and recent moves to further its grip on the illegally seized UAE territories pose a direct threat to American interests in the Gulf.
Iranian officials have dismissed the UAE’s public protestations and calls for diplomacy on the issue. The regime has increased its bellicosity since Ahmadinejad’s trip to Abu Musa, the first by an Iranian president since its seizure. Iranian Brigadier General Ahmed Reza Pourdestan, the commander of Iran’s ground forces, claimed Iran has full, undisputed sovereignty over the islands and that the regime’s “military forces are ready to show the prowess of the establishment to the claimant.” Several Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps commanders have adopted similarly hostile rhetoric. Iran’s foreign ministry referred to Abu Musa as Iran’s “internal affair.”
The Gulf Cooperation Council–consisting of the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and Oman–issued a statement strongly condemning Iran’s violations and provocations over Abu Musa and the Tunb islands following Ahmadinejad’s trip. It alsovoiced “full support to the UAE in all actions it takes to retain its rights and sovereignty over its islands.” The US and allied response in the wake of Iran’s provocations and the Iranian regime’s behavior, coming on the heels of Iranian threats against the legal and free flow of commercial and military traffic in the Strait, are a direct test of US, regional, and international resolve in the face of Iranian aggression. However this crisis develops, it will likely become yet another distraction from international efforts to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons, which was no doubt part of Tehran’s intent.
20 June is the anniversary of mass executions of political prisoners in Iran in 1981. It is also the date on which Neda Agha Soltan was killed during the 2009 uprisings in Iran. On 20 June 2011, the date was designated as the International Day in Support of Political Prisoners in Iran, and more than 50 cities around the world came out to demand the release of political prisoners and prisoners of conscience in Iran.
On 20 June 2012, organizers again call for global demonstrations to support political prisoners in Iran. In addition to the essential demands of the day’s action, we will urge the European Parliament and the UN to officially recognize 20 June as the International Day in Support of Political Prisoners in Iran. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
The Iranian Islamic regime is highly concerned about the growing tendency towards Christianity among Iranians which has now reached the authorities, officials and their family members whether inside or outside the country.
Mohabat News ) - Obtained reports and reviews by experts and Iranian Christian news agency, Mohabat News, show that Christianity is growing increasingly among Iranians, especially among the armed forces.
According to Iranian laws, non-Muslims are not allowed to be employed in any armed forces. In addition, it is mentioned in the employment conditions that the employee should believe and have a practical commitment to the Supreme Leader and also should believe in the Islamic Revolution and the regime of the Islamic Republic. The laws state that these conditions are binding. Failure in any one of these conditions can result in the punishment and exile of the violator. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags