Archiv für den Tag 28. April 2012
Musterwiderspruch an das Jobcenter und Musterantrag an das Sozialgericht gegen die Aufrechnung von Mietkautionszahlungen im laufenden Hartz IV Bezug
Das Sozialgericht Berlin hat in einem Beschluss zum Antrag einer einstweiligen Anordnung entschieden, dass eine 10 Prozent Kürzung der Hartz IV Regelleistungen über einen längeren Zeitraum (hier 23 Monate) zur Tilgung eines Darlehens für die Mietkaution rechtlich unzulässig ist. Die evangelische Obdachlosen e.V. hat vor diesem Hintergrund einen Musterwiderspruch an das Jobcenter und einen Musterantrag an das Sozialgericht erstellt.
Ohne die Zahlung einer Mietkaution oder der Bereitstellung einer Bürgschaft können Bürger keine Wohnung mieten. Hartz IV oder Sozialhilfebezieher (SGB II oder SGB XII) können einen Antrag beim zuständigen Jobcenter auf Übernahme der Kaution stellen (§ 22 Abs. 6 SGB II, § 35 Abs. 2 Satz 4 SGB XII). Im Normalfall wird diese als Darlehen gewährt. Bislang wurde das Darlehen für die Mietkaution durch eine Aufrechnung eines Anteils der ALG II Regelleistung durch die Behörden nicht vorgenommen. Seit den Neuregelungen in § 42a Abs. 2 Satz 1 SGB II seit ersten April 2011 können Behörden eine sofortige anteilige Tilgung in Höhe von zehn Prozent verlangen. Das Sozialgericht Berlin hat in einem Urteil (Az: S 37 AS 24431/11 ER) jedoch festgestellt, dass Hartz IV Bezieher die Kaution als Darlehen ohne Einbehaltung von Raten zur Tilgung erhalten sollen.
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- MDE 13/023/2012
- 26. April 2012
HAMID GHASSEMI-SHALL, iranisch-kanadischer Staatsbürger
Hamid Ghassemi-Shall, der die iranische und kanadische Staatsangehörigkeit besitzt, droht offenbar im Iran unmittelbar die Hinrichtung. Am 15. April erfuhr seine Familie, dass sein Todesurteil an die Justizbehörde zur Vollstreckung von Todesurteilen weitergeleitet worden ist.
Hamid Ghassemi-Shall wurde am 24. Mai 2008 festgenommen, als er gerade seine Mutter im Iran besuchte. Sein älterer Bruder Alborz Ghassemi-Shall war etwa zwei Wochen zuvor festgenommen worden. Beide Brüder wurden 18 Monate lang im Teheraner Evin-Gefängnis in Einzelhaft und ohne Zugang zu rechtlicher Vertretung festgehalten. Im November 2009 wurden Hamid und Alborz Ghassemi-Shall schließlich aus der Einzelhaft in einen Trakt mit anderen Häftlingen verlegt.
In einem unfairen Gerichtsverfahren wurden beide Männer am 29. Dezember 2008 vor dem Revolutionsgericht zum Tode verurteilt. Das Gericht befand sie wegen Spionage und Verbindungen zur verbotenen Oppositionsgruppe der Volksmudschaheddin (People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran – PMOI) der “Feindschaft zu Gott” (moharebeh) für schuldig. Amnesty International vorliegenden Informationen zufolge bestanden die Beweise gegen die beiden Brüder aus einem “Geständnis” und einer E-Mail, die Hamid Ghassemi-Shall an Alborz Ghassemi-Shall, der in der Vergangenheit als Maschinenbauingenieur für die iranische Armee gearbeitet hatte, gesendet haben soll. Hamid Ghassemi-Shall bestreitet das Versenden der E-Mail. Das Urteil gegen die beiden Männer wurde am 7. November 2009 vom iranischen Obersten Gerichtshof aufrechterhalten. Im Januar 2010 starb Alborz Ghassemi-Shall, der an Magenkrebs litt, im Gefängnis.
Angaben von Hamid Ghassemi-Shall zufolge stand er im Evin-Gefängnis, bevor ihm Zugang zu rechtlicher Vertretung gewährt wurde, unter “sehr großem Druck”, ein “Geständnis” abzulegen. Unter Folter erzwungene “Geständnisse” werden in iranischen Gerichten regelmäßig als Beweismittel herangezogen. Dies verstößt gegen das Recht des Angeklagten auf ein faires Gerichtsverfahren. Die iranischen Behörden haben in der Vergangenheit auch damit gedroht, die mittlerweile verstorbene Schwester von Hamid und Alborz Ghassemi-Shall, Mahin Ghassemi�Shall, festzunehmen, weil sie sich öffentlich für ihre Brüder eingesetzt hatte. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
by TORI EGHERMAN
Redefining “leftovers,” “hot,” and “cold,” and more lessons from the Iranian kitchen.
Every time we had people over for dinner, my husband would say to me, “Tori, we didn’t make enough food.”"How can that be?” I’d ask. “There are leftovers.” It wasn’t until we moved to Iran in 2003 for a four-year stay that I understood what he meant. A chicken leg or two is not leftovers. It’s ta’rof – good manners. It’s what the guests leave behind so you won’t think you served them insufficiently. “Enough food” means that another party can be fed with what is left over at the end of the evening.
The first time we were invited out in Iran, we were served omelets, fish, whole roasted chicken, yogurt and cucumbers, yogurt and spinach, tomato, cucumber, and onion salad, salad with iceberg lettuce and Thousand Island dressing, spring chicken kebabs, and chopped lamb kebabs. All of this was brought to the table just before midnight. Kamran whispered, “Do they think we’re cows?”
I tell you this so you won’t balk at the amount of food my friend Zohreh Sanaseri (pictured) prepared for our dinner of ghelye (ghalieh) mahi – a stew of fish, herbs, and tamarind paste. She invited three others to share the stew with us, but made enough for at least ten people.
In four years of living in Iran, I never once encountered ghelye mahi. In fact, it wasn’t until a night out at a Persian restaurant in Amsterdam that I ate it for the first time. The flavor was surprising: sharp, sour, sweet, and fishy all at once. It was made with many of the ingredients found in other stews I’d eaten in Iran, but tasted nothing like them. I searched for recipes and tried making it a few times before giving up. None was as good as my first time…
And then I ate ghelye mahi at the home of my friend Zohreh, who hails from the city of Abadan in southwestern Iran. “It was the Paris of Iran,” the eldest of her two daughters, who were born in the Netherlands, tells me. “Was,” Zohreh emphasizes. “Before the war.”
It was the war with Iraq that drove Zohreh and her family out of Iran. She settled in the Netherlands with her husband when she was just 25. “I had never cooked before in my life,” she says. “I learned everything here.” Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
by ARASH KARAMI and NEGAR MORTAZAVI
26 Apr 2012 22:235 Comments
Afghan family being deported (ISNA/Amir Pourmand).
Afghan nationals will be expelled from the northern Iranian province of Mazandaran in the coming months. According to government officials all Afghans, with or without legal status, have been given a deadline to leave the province; those who fail to depart by the deadline will be arrested and expelled. Mazandaran, on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, is a major tourist destination. Many upper-class Tehran families own resorts and villas in the province. Mazandaran officials have expressed their concern for the safety of tourists as the tourism season starts and have stated their belief that this legislation will ensure public safety. According to government statistics, over 3,000 Afghan nationals in Mazandaran were arrested and deported last year.Mazandaran is not the first province to announce such legislation directed at Afghan immigrants. Gilan, Lorestan, Hamedan, and Kermanshah have also banned or put restrictions on Afghan nationals. Last month, police officials in Isfahan announced that Afghan citizens would be barred from entering city parks during the Nowruz holidays. However, the move sparked such intense criticism that police officials were forced to back down from confronting park attendees.
According to official statistics, Iran is home to over a million Afghan refugees. The Iranian government has been struggling to absorb the influx of immigrants who have been coming in waves from Afghanistan since the Soviet invasion in the 1980s. Many have taken on jobs in construction or other forms of manual labor. Crimes committed by Afghans nationals are heavily publicized, generating anti-Afghan sentiment across Iranian society. On the other hand, discriminatory government policies, such as the law that bans Afghan children, even those born in Iran, from attending school, have been widely condemned.
Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan have recently reached an agreement on Afghan refugees that allows Afghan nationals to remain in Iran and Pakistan until 2017. According to Fars News, “voluntary repatriation of Afghan refugees from Iran has slowed in recent years in the face of poor security and economic conditions in Afghanistan, which Tehran blames on the U.S.-led invasion of the country in 2001.”
Source: Arash Karami and Negar Mortazavi
Press Roundup provides a selected summary of news from the Farsi and Arabic press and excerpts where the source is in English. Tehran Bureau has not verified these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy. Any views expressed are the authors’ own. Please refer to the Media Guide to help put the stories in perspective. You can follow breaking news stories on our Twitter feed.
11:55 p.m. IRDT, 8 Ordibihesht/April 27 In the runup to the next round of talks concerning Iran’s nuclear program between representatives of the Islamic Republic and the P5+1 — the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, plus Germany — unnamed U.S. government officials have told the Los Angeles Times that the Obama administration is prepared to accept ongoing Iranian uranium enrichment in what the paper characterizes as a “major concession.” According to the Times, the officials said
they might agree to let Tehran continue enriching uranium up to concentrations of 5% if the Iranian government agreed to unrestricted inspections, and strict oversight and safeguards that the United Nations long has demanded.Iran has begun enriching small amounts of uranium to 20% purity in February 2010 for what it contends are peaceful purposes, although most of its stockpile is purified at lower levels. Uranium can be used as bomb fuel at about 90% enrichment.
The question of whether to approve even low-level enrichment is highly controversial within the U.S. government and among its allies because of the risk that Iranian scientists still might be able to gain the knowledge and experience to someday build a bomb.
But a consensus has gradually emerged among U.S. and foreign officials that the Iranians are unlikely to accede to a complete halt to enrichment, and that pushing this demand could make it impossible to reach a negotiated deal to stop Iran’s program short of a military attack.
After talks that took place in Istanbul two weeks ago, which participants on both sides described as much more positive in tone than previous negotiations, another round of talks was scheduled for May 23 in the Iraqi capital of Baghdad. The uranium enriched to what the Times describes as 20 percent — the actual level is 19.75 percent — has evidently been used as fuel for the specialized Tehran Research Reactor, which produces radioisotopes for cancer treatment.
The position described in today’s report is likely to come under fire from presumptive Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney who, addressing the American Israel Public Affairs Committee’s annual conference last month, advocated subjecting Iran to a “diplomatic isolation program” such as the one imposed on South Africa during the latter years of the apartheid era. Romney also mocked the Obama administration’s approach — “Hope is not a foreign policy” — and made the surprising assertion, referring to the International Atomic Energy Agency, that the West “may not know when Iran will secure sufficient fissile material to threaten the entire world, but the IAEA warns that that hour is fast approaching.” Fissile material, in this context, is generally understood to mean the sort of 90-percent-enriched weapons-grade uranium mentioned in the Los Angeles Times story. The IAEA has never suggested that Iran possesses any fissile material at all nor that it is on the verge of initiating production of it.
Source: Tehran Bureau
Smogalarm und Verkehrsinfarkt prägen das Leben in der iranischen Hauptstadt. Zu lange hat Teheran nur auf den Autoverkehr gesetzt und achtspurige Stadtautobahnen gebaut. Jetzt träumen Städteplaner von einer Straßenbahn und Dezentralisierung. vonSilke Mertins Berlin
On April 26, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton commented on the new diplomatic effort with Iran. She made her remarks at an event hosted by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. The following is an excerpt:
We’re also looking for how to operate multidimensional diplomacy at all times. Building and holding a coalition to pressure and isolate Iran is one example, but there are others as well. Our willingness to engage showed good faith. Our willingness to listen showed humility. Our willingness to hammer out the kinds of solutions that would be acceptable beyond the usual suspects who always are with us is paying off.
Source: UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE
Ted Wynne works for the Center for Conflict Management at the U. S. Institute of Peace.
Source: UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE
If this leak is supported by senior figures in Washington, this is a significant move from the US Government in the nuclear negotiations:
In a major concession, Obama administration officials say they could support allowing Iran to continue a crucial element of its disputed nuclear program if the government in Tehran took other major steps to curb its ability to develop a nuclear bomb.
The officials told the Los Angeles Times they might agree to let Tehran continue enriching uranium up to concentrations of 5% if the Iranian government agreed to unrestricted inspections, and strict oversight and safeguards that the United Nations long has demanded.
Iran has begun enriching small amounts of uranium to 20% purity in February 2010 for what it contends are peaceful purposes, although most of its stockpile is purified at lower levels. Uranium can be used as bomb fuel at about 90% enrichment.
This is the first time that Washington has not only acknowledged the principle of Iran enriching uranium on its territory but also put a number on the level. And, coincidentally or otherwise, that 5% figure matches what EA was told this week by a knowledgeable British source.
Still, this is a long way from a deal. The Los Angeles Times, beneficiary of the leak, only sees part of the story: “The proposed shift in the U.S. position is likely to prompt strong objections from some officials in Israel, from presumptive Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney, and from some members of Congress who have staked out more aggressive positions than the Obama administration.”
Just as significant is this question: will Iran, with its new-found capability to enrich to 20%, be willing to pull back to 5%? And if so, what will it seek in return from the US and European powers?
0627 GMT: Cartoon of the Day. For the second time in the last week, Fars, linked to the Revolutionary Guards, has used a cartoon to express worries over the economy — the question is posed, over price tags, “Are these fruits for sale or just to look at?”
0620 GMT: Threat of the Day. Amir Ali Hajizadeh, the commander of the Aerospace Force of the Revolutionary Guards, has said Turkey should expect “deformed children and incurable diseases”as the result of NATO’s missile shield to be placed in the country.
Hajizadeh had warned last year that his country could target the relevant installations in Turkey if faced with a military attack, “We have prepared ourselves if any threat is staged against Iran. We will target NATO’s missile shield in Turkey and will then attack other targets.”
At that time, Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi dismissed the threats and reassured Turkey that they are not Iran’s official policy, according to reports in Turkish media. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
This Christian convert who had been arrested by plain clothes security authorities in his house was released after 6 months in custody under certain conditions. During this time he was subjected to interrogation and accused of evangelism.
According to reporters of Iranian Christian news agency, Mohabat News, Fariborz Arazm, a Christian convert, was conditionally released after six months imprisonment in notorious Evin prison.
After his arrest, Mr. Arazm was held in Rajaei-Shahr prison of Karaj but after some time officials transferred him to Evin prison for further interrogation.
News sources told Mohabat News that a court announced he was charged with being in contact with missionaries and also of promoting the Christian faith among Iranian Muslims.
Eventually, Mr. Arazm was conditionally released on April 11 after six months of uncertainty in Evin prison.
Three other Christian converts were also named in Mr. Arazm’s case and their arrests had been planned as well. However, they left Iran before security authorities could arrest them.
Mr. Arazm spent 21 days in solitary confinement in the general ward of Rajaei-Shahr prison of Karaj. He was then transferred to ward 350 of Evin prison in Tehran for further interrogation. He was held there until his release.
It should be remembered that Mr. Fariborz Arazm, a 44 year old married Christian convert from Robat-Karim county, was arrested by four plain clothes security authorities in his own residence.
The security authorities arrested Mr. Arazm, thoroughly searched his home making a mess of it and in the end took some of his personal belongings with them including the Hard-drive of his computer, CDs, photos and a number of Bibles.
that same day, security authorities also arrested a young man called Mohammad in Shahriar county and transferred him to the Intelligence Office located in the same county. There, they interrogated him and accused him of having a Christian faith. However, in response he said that he is still studying about Christianity and has not accepted it as his religion yet. He was released the same day after signing a disclaimer and being threatened.
It is noteworthy that harassment and discrimination against religious minorities has been a major Human Rights violation issue by the Islamic regime of Iran, during the last 30 years.
On 22 April 2012, prominent Iranian human rights defender Ms Narges Muhammadi was summoned by the Ministry of the Intelligence to begin a six year prison sentence handed down by the Iranian Court of Appeal.
Narges Muhammadie has reportedly been taken to Evin Prison in Tehran. Narges Muhammadi is the deputy director of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre (DHRC) and founder and director of the National Peace Council. She won the Alexander Kanger award in 2009 and the Swedish Human Rights award in 2012 for her human rights activities. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
AFP: ”Iran is busy acquiring the technical know-how to launch a potentially crippling cyber-attack on the United States and its allies, experts told a congressional hearing on Thursday, urging the US to step up its defensive measures. ‘Over the past three years, the Iranian regime has invested heavily in both defensive and offensive capabilities in cyberspace,’ said Ilan Berman, vice president of the American Foreign Policy Council. ‘Equally significant, its leaders now increasingly appear to view cyber-warfare as a potential avenue of action against the United States,’ he told a House Homeland Security subcommittee. Patrick Meehan, Republican chairman of the committee, also sounded an alarm over the cyber-security threat posed by Iran to western nations. ‘As Iran’s illicit nuclear program continues to inflame tensions between Tehran and the West, I am struck by the emergence of another possible avenue of attack emanating from Iran — the possibility that Iran could conduct a cyber attack against the US homeland,’ he said.”http://t.uani.com/Jr5Lip
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Government Should End Pattern of Illegal Use of Lethal Force in Northwest Border Provinces
Iranian Kurds and Unemployed Resort to Dangerous Black-Market Work
Bardehnaz Piranshahr border. Photo by Shirkoo Jahani for the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran
(27 April 2012) The Iranian government should immediately investigate the numerous cases of border security forces killing couriers in the northwestern provinces of West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, and Kermanshah, and hold accountable those responsible for such calloususe of unlawful force, the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran said today. The government should also review its border security measures and the growing pattern of excessive use of lethal force, and should adopt clear polices to stop unlawful and unnecessary killing, the Campaign added.
“The ongoing cold-blooded killing of cross-border couriers (often called kulbar) by security officials is unacceptable, and the Iranian government must put an end to it,” Campaign spokesperson Hadi Ghaemi said. “The use of lethal force against these people, who are unarmed and are simply avoiding authorities, is unjustifiable, violates international law, and must be investigated.” Lies den Rest dieses Artikels