Archiv für den Tag 23. Mai 2012
Europa setzt Griechenland unter Druck, weil das kleine Mitgliedsland seine Grenze angeblich nicht ordentlich gegen Flüchtlinge und Migranten verteidigt. Griechenland und Europa setzen gemeinsam die Türkei unter Druck: Das Land am Bosporus soll dafür sorgen, dass Schutzsuchende gar nicht bis an die griechische bzw. EU-Grenze kommen. Diejenigen, die es auf das EU-Territorium schaffen, sollen möglichst unbürokratisch zurückgenommen werden. Die Türkei selbst nimmt jedoch keine außereuropäischen Flüchtlinge dauerhaft auf – Flüchtlinge in der Türkei verbleiben demnach im Transit, bis ein anderer Aufnahmestaat gefunden ist. Der http://www.proasyl.de/fileadmin/proasyl/fm_redakteure/Broschueren_pdf/Broschuere_Tuerkei_Maerz_2012_WEB.pdf” target=”_blank”>PRO ASYL-Bericht „Überleben in Transit“ beleuchtet die Situation jener über 20.000 Flüchtlinge, die derzeit in der Türkei darauf warten, anderswo ein neues Leben anfangen zu können und währenddessen Polizeiübergriffen, willkürlicher Inhaftierungen, der ständigen Gefahr drohender Abschiebungen und einem täglichen Überlebenskampf ausgesetzt sind.
Auszug aus dem Bericht:
Die Türkei hat sich in den vergangenen Jahren vom
Auswanderungsland und Herkunftsland von Flüchtlingen1
zum aktuell wichtigsten Transitland für Schutzsuchende
auf dem Weg nach Europa entwickelt. Der vorliegende
Bericht beschreibt die schwierige Situation von
Schutzsuchenden in der Türkei. Nicht verkannt werden
darf, dass kein anderes Land vom Europäischen Gerichtshof
für Menschenrechte in 2011 so oft wegen Verletzung der
Menschenrechte verurteilt wurde, wie die Türkei. Vor allem
die Meinungs- und Pressefreiheit wurde in den letzten
Jahren in besorgniserregender Weise unter der Regierung
Recep Tayyip Erdo˘gan eingeschränkt. Nach Angaben von
Menschenrechtsgruppen in der Türkei wurden seit 2009
über 4.000 Menschen festgenommen, die meisten von ihnen
Mitglieder der kurdischen Partei BDP, darunter aber auch
Journalisten, kurdische Politiker und Regierungskritiker. Die
Europäische Union (EU) übt im Zuge der Beitrittsverhandlungen
massiven Druck auf das Land am Bosporus aus, dafür
zu sorgen, dass Flüchtlingen eine Weiterflucht nach Westen
unmöglich gemacht wird. Flüchtlingen aus Afghanistan, Irak,
Iran, Somalia, Syrien und Eritrea bleibt mittlerweile kaum
ein anderer Weg, als über die Türkei in die EU zu gelangen.
Diese Schutzsuchenden leben im türkischen Transit unter
schwierigen, zum Teil auch gefährlichen Bedingungen: Willkürliche
Inhaftierungen, die ständige Gefahr einer drohenden
Abschiebung und ein täglicher Überlebenskampf prägen
Die meisten Flüchtlinge versuchen, von der Türkei nach
Griechenland zu gelangen. Berichte über schwere Menschenrechtsverletzungen
und katastrophale Lebensbedingungen
in den Flüchtlingshaftlagern auf beiden Seiten der
EU-Außengrenze häufen sich.2
PRO ASYL hat mit Unterstützung der Evangelisch-Lutherischen
Kirche in Bayern, der Evangelischen Kirche in Hessen
und Nassau, dem Diakonischen Werk in Hessen und Nassau,
dem Deutschen Caritas Verband, Brot für die Welt, der Stiftung:
do und der UNO-Flüchtlingshilfe im Oktober 2010 ein
Recherche- und Unterstützungsprojekt in der Türkei begonnen.
Inhalt dieser Kooperation mit Menschenrechtsorganisationen
in Istanbul und Izmir ist nicht nur die Analyse
der prekären Situation von Flüchtlingen im Transit Türkei,
sondern auch die konkrete Einzelfallhilfe. Ein wichtiges Element
unseres Engagements ist die Stärkung der grenzüberschreitenden
Kooperation zwischen unseren griechischen
und türkischen Partnerorganisationen. Unser Ziel: Inhaftierte
Schutzsuchende unterstützen, unmenschliche Haftbedingungen
dokumentieren und völkerrechtswidrige Abschiebungen
Das Engagement in der Türkei ergänzt die jahrelange Arbeit
von PRO ASYL in Griechenland. Seit Sommer 2010 ist die
griechisch-türkische Landesgrenze – das sogenannte Evros-
Gebiet – ein Schwerpunkt der Aktivitäten in Griechenland.
Dabei werden Flüchtlinge in diesem Gebiet konkret unterstützt,
vor allem durch rechtliche Beratung und Begleitung.
Darüber hinaus werden die katastrophalen Haftbedingungen
sowie die schwierigen Lebensbedingungen von Schutzsuchenden
dokumentiert. Das Projekt wird in Kooperation
mit lokalen Menschenrechts- und Flüchtlingsorganisationen
in Griechenland und der Türkei umgesetzt.
Der vorliegende Bericht gibt einen Überblick über verschiedene
Recherchen, Ergebnisse einer einwöchigen Delegationsreise
Mitte April 20113 sowie Projektinhalte unserer
Justice for Iran: The first trail session of the 13 Arab political prisoners of Khalaf Abad (Ramshir) met this morning at the second branch of the Revolutionary Court in Ahvaz. Five months ago, the Iranian English speaking satellite stations, Press TV, introduced Hadi Rashedi and Hashem Sa’bani, two of the 13 individuals, as terrorists and members of armed groups. The TV station broadcast the images and names of the individuals while in todays session, the two called all the accusations lies and announced that they were forced to make the confessions under severe torture.
According to local sources, in 2010, Hadi Rashedi and Hashem Sha’bani were under severe torture in order to give information. The sources told JFI that the family of the accused were able to meet with them a few minutes before the court convened and said that Rashedi, who suffers from an ailment, suffered heavily from torture. His hip bone is shattered. Hadi Rashedi is a 38 year old chemistry instructor at Khalaf Abad (Ramshisr) High School.
Hashem Sha’bani, a 31 year old father of one girl, is a masters student of political science. He was tortured with boiling water and is in critical condition. When Press TV introduced Sha’bani and Rashedi as members of armed terrorist groups, the two individuals had not yet been tried anywhere. Under Iranian law, membership in armed terrorist groups carries a death penalty. Therefore, Press TV effectively issued the death sentence for the two individuals before they were even tried.
In its new announcement, Amnesty International expressed concern regarding the danger of execution for the 13 individuals tried today, including Rashedi and Sha’bani. Four other of the individuals are Mohammad Ali Amouri (weblogger), Rahman Assakereh (high school teacher), and two brothers by the names of Jaber and Seyyed Mokhtar Alboshoukeh. After months of detention at the Ministry of intelligence’s detention center, the aforementioned are being held at Ahvaz’s Karoun Prison. Amnesty International has requested immediate medical attention for the detainees. Local sources say that Jaber Alboshoukeh’s jaw and a few teeth are broken as a result of torture and he has lost 10 kilos of weight. As a result of torture, Mokhtar Alboshoukeh is suffering from memory loss.
One family members of the detainees told JFI, “The attorneys of these six individuals have not been permitted to visit with their client or read the case file.” This is while Press TV recorded and broadcast the confession of the detainees while they were in Intelligence Ministry’s detention center and had no access to their family or their attorneys. Prior to this, JFI issued “Cut! Take Press TV Off the Air,” a report that demonstrates how Press TV satellite station records confession acquired under torture from prisoners with the collaboration of Ministry of Intelligence and Sepah Intelligence Office. None of the video confessions documented in the report were broadcast from Press TV with the verbal or written permission of the prisoner. Majority of the time the prisoner was coerced with promise of release and told that the video taping is done for internal or research use only never to be broadcast. This is while, according to Islamic Republic Law, the media do not have the right to broadcast the image and names of individuals accused of any crimes prior to their conviction and violators will be penalized.
In April 2005, a letter was released allegedly written by Mohammad Ali Abtahi, Secretary of the president of the time. It discussed choosing a policy regarding changing the population demographic of the Arab residing areas in the south of Iran. Widespread protest spread through the Arab residing areas of the south to be continuously and violently crushed by the Iranian government. A large number of Arab activists, including women, have been arrested since; numerous cases of lengthy imprisonment terms for women, along with their young children, have been reported. In one such case, Fahimeh Badavi, a 26 year old elementary school teacher, was 8 months pregnant when she was arrested on February 26, 2006 along with her husband Ali Matouri Zadeh. After her husband was executed, she was sentences to 15 years’ imprisonment and is now serving her sentence in exile at Yasouj prison. Hoda Hashemi who was herself detained at the Intelligence Office’s detention center along with her 16 month old son, told JFI, “Without being transported to prison or given any equipments or assistance, Fahimeh Badavi delivered her daughter in her cell at the Ministry of Intelligence’s detention center, a fully male dominated location.”
As a result of the new wave of arrests in the city of Shush and Ahvaz during last winter, at least two detainees names Naser Alboshoukeh Dorafshan and Mohammad Ka’abi were killed in detention. In March 2011, Reza Maghamesi was killed under torture in Dezful Prison. So far, no information has been given to the family members of the three about the individuals responsible for their death.
What the Arab detainees spoke of in prison regarding being tortured for the purpose of extracting false confessions once more proves collaboration of Press TV with the offices in charge of violating the rights of the political prisoners through recording and broadcasting the confessions.
Read more about this:
Justice For Iran Call-to-Action for Identifying those Responsible for the Murder of the Detainees in Khuzistan
Press TV Violates the Rights of the Detainees in Khuzistan
Cut! Take Press TV off the Air
Source: Justice for Iran
Following weeks of tension between Iran and its northern neighbour Azerbaijan, the Islamic Republic Foreign Ministry has recalled its ambassador in Baku.
The Iranian embassy in Azerbaijan announced that Ambassador Mohammadbagher Bahrami left Baku for Tehran on Monday May 21. The embassy announcement said the reason for the recall was “insult to religious sanctities.” No further details were given.
In recent months, Iran has summoned the Azerbaijani ambassador to Tehran four times. The reasons includes accusations of alleged cooperation between Baku and the Israeli intelligence services in the assassination operations against Iranian nuclear scientists, military weapons agreements between Azerbaijan and Israel, and claims regarding the arrest of 18 Azerbaijani and four foreign nationals accused of spying for Iran.
Iran has also criticized Azerbaijan for hosting the Eurovision Song Contest, which it said goes against Islam.
Source: Radio Zahmaneh
by TARA MAHTAFAR
“Most Iranian Israelis are very pro-Iran, and very anti-regime.”
Let’s start with the human and societal side, which we hear less about. Has Ahmadinejad’s inflammatory rhetoric against Israel, particularly his denial of the Holocaust, and escalating tensions with Iran, negatively affected Iran-born Israelis? Read the rest of this entry
by MUHAMMAD SAHIMI
Press Roundup provides a selected summary of news from the Farsi and Arabic press and excerpts where the source is in English. Tehran Bureau has not verified these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy. Any views expressed are the authors’ own. .
به ما بپیوندید: http://www.facebook.com/OrchestreBahar
توضیحات این اثر و این اجرا از زبان خود آهنگ ساز و رهبر:
آهنگ خورشید به این دلیل خورشید نامیده شد، چون خود شعر (اصل شعر بی پیش درآمد) با کلمه و نام خورشید آغاز و با نام خورشید به انتها میرسد. به لحاظ مفهوم، شعر بیان کننده خواست گاه ها و آرزوهای شاعر به عنوان یک عضو از جامعه بزرگ ایران زمین و یک قطره از کل دریاست که آرزویی جز رسیدن به پاکی و نور مطلق طلب نمیکند. شاعر قلبا باور به پیوستن و اتحاد ایرانیان به گرد هم چو زنجیر در آینده نزدیک دارد و معتقد است که بر طبق طبیعت جهان هستی، همدلی و همبستگی مردم در روز آزادی چون خورشیدی تابان طلوع خواهد کرد و ظلمت و بیچارگی مردمان سرزمین ما را به عقب خواهد راند. شاعر معتقد است که پرچم دار این روز، شیر زنی از خاک ایران خواهد بود که در این آهنگ، قبل از شروع شعر اصلی، صدای خانم سلین بورتهالیس خواننده اپرای پاریس نشان از آن شیر زن دارد. Read the rest of this entry
Iran has hanged 14 people in Tehran after they were convicted of drug trafficking. A statement from the Tehran prosecutor’s office on May 21 identified them only by their initials.
The London-based Amnesty International rights group said in its annual review of death sentences and executions worldwide published in March that Iran executed at least 360 people in 2011, three-quarters of them for drugs offenses, up from at least 252 in 2010.
Tehran considers the death penalty essential for maintaining law and order, and insists that it is only applied after exhaustive judicial proceedings. \
Murder, rape, armed robbery and trafficking more than five kilograms of drugs are among crimes punishable by death.
The Islamic republic is one of the world’s main users of capital punishment, along with China, Saudi Arabia, and the United States.
Based on reporting by AFP and dpa
Source: Tehran Times
The Iranian drama “A Respectable Family,” directed by Masud Bakhshi, thrilled filmgoers in its premiere at the Cannes Film Festival on Sunday, the producer Mohammad Afarideh said on Monday.
It was a great surprise that non-Iranian filmgoers’ were able to relate to the Sacred Defense (1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war) and the concept of martyrdom, which are themes of the film, Mohammad Afarideh told the Persian service of the Mehr New Agency.
“A Respectable Family” is Masud Bakhshi’s debut feature. It is about Arash, an Iranian academic who lives in the West. He returns to Iran to teach in Shiraz, a city far from Tehran, where his mother lives. After being drawn into a series of domestic and financial problems, he is reminded of the hardships of his childhood at the beginning of the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war.
“The film has an Iranian storyline, but the structure Bakhshi has chosen for the dialogue helps attract foreign audiences as well,” Afarideh said.
A Respectable Family: Cannes Review - The Hollywood Reporter
A major part of the plot tells the story of a man who got entangled in the tragedy of war and the film also is somehow a narration of the liberation of Khorramshahr, which occurred 30 years ago, he added.
The movie is an entry to the Directors’ Fortnight of the Cannes Film Festival.
“A Respectable Family” was edited by French editor Jacques Comets. Babak Hamidian, Mehrdad Sediqian, Ahu Kheradmand, and Behnaz Jafari are the main members of the cast.
Source: Radio Zamaneh
Fariborz Rais Dana
Iranian economist Fariborz Rais Dana was arrested today in Tehran to serve out a one-year sentence.
The Workers’ Rights Defenders website reports that Rais Dana was arrested and transferred to Evin Prison. His sentence relates to a media interview in which he criticized the government’s plans for restructuring subsidies.
In an interview with Persian BBC, only a few hours after Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced his subsidy plans on Iranian state television, Rasi Dana accused the Ahmadinejad administration of “illusion therapy” and emphasized that the government’s actions would wreak havoc on the economy.
His statement led to his immediate arrest in December of 2010, and he was released after a month on bail.
The Middle East Economic Association spoke out against his arrest, calling for his immediate release.
Later, Rais Dana was sentenced to one year in prison for a series of charges including “membership in the Writer’s Association, preparing seditious announcements against the regime, giving interviews to BBC and VOA, and accusing the Islamic Republic of abusing prisoners and holding show trials.”
Source: Radio Zamaneh
Reports from Iran indicate that tension has gripped the northwestern cities of Tabriz and Oroumiyeh, one day after protests against government inaction about the drying of Lake Oroumiyeh turned violent with police intervention.
Azerbaijani activists were rallied to join demonstrations on Monday to protest the drying of Lake Oroumiyeh and the government’s lack of effective action.
Association for Defence of Azerbaijani Political Prisoners reports that police confronted the protesters with batons, colour bombs and tear gas, and arrested at least 100 people.
Tabriz is languishing under heavy security measures, especially in the main squares and streets.
|Lake Urmia (Oroumieh) is a salt lake in northwestern Iran near Turkey. The lake is between the provinces of East Azarbaijan and West Azarbaijan, west of the southern portion of the similarly shaped Caspian Sea. It is the largest lake inside Iran, and the third salt water lake on earth, with a surface area of approximately 5,200 km square (2,000 mile square).|
Last year, scores of protesters were arrested in demonstrations calling for government action to counter the rapidly falling water level in Lake Oroumiyeh. Detainees faced heavy prison terms, flogging and fines.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has dismissed the protests, saying the condition of the lake is normal and the water levels fall like this every 500 years.
Lake Oroumiyeh, the largest body of water fully contained in Iran, has now lost half of its water, and in some areas its coast has receded by up to 10 kilometres.
Experts have said excessive dam-building along rivers that feed the lake is one of the main contributors to the drying. It is estimated that, at the current rate of drying, the lake will disappear within three years.
The Ahmadinejad administration has committed $950 million toward a recovery plan for the lake.
However, protesters have been accused of politicizing the environmental woes of Lake Oroumiyeh.
European Union’s Catherine Ashton and Iran’s Saeed Jalili at last month’s nuclear talks in Istanbul (Cartoon:Nikahang Kowsar)
About now, Iranian officials, led by Saeed Jalili, are sitting with six other delegations (US, British, France, Germany, China, and Russia) at a conference table in Baghdad to discuss Tehran’s uranium enrichment.
This is the second set of talks since a resumption after a 2 1/2-year break. The opening day in Istanbul on 14 April was a promising introduction, with all sides showing willingness to carry on talks. Over the last six weeks, there have been a series of closed-door preparatory meetings, notably between Helga Schmid of the European Union and Ali Bagheri, the deputy head of the Iranian negotiating team.
On Monday, there was a significant, promising prelude to Baghdad when International Atomic Energy Agency Yukiya Amano visited Tehran for a day of discussions about a protocol for inspecting and safeguarding Iran’s nuclear facilities. Iranian officials were enthusiastic about the outcome; even more importantly, Amano indicated on Tuesday that a deal was imminent on IAEA access.
So does that progress continue today and beyond? Read the rest of this entry
0708 GMT: Ahmadinejad Watch. He may have been sidelined in the Islamic Republic’s nuclear talks with the “West”, with his supporters sniping at the discussions, but President Ahmadinejad is still grabbing for the limelight.
Press TV headlines Ahmadinejad’s rhetoric, using a photo opportunity with an advisor to the Sudanese President, “Today, arrogant powers and the enemies of mankind have put pressure on independent nations and governments, including Iran and Sudan. It is upon all independent nations and governments to stand up against expansionists through solidarity, brotherhood and supporting one another.”
And news breaks that Ahmadinejad will visit China in June for a “security summit”, with the gloss that he will discuss nuclear issues with Chinese President Hu Jintao.
0705 GMT: Subsidy Cuts Watch. A significant concession from the Minister of Economy Shamseddin Hosseini — although he did not present it this way — on Tuesday, as he said that the timing for the implementation of the second phase of subsidy cuts is “not clear”.
Government officials said in December that the second phase was “imminent”, but the plan has been beset by political criticism and economic difficulties. Read the rest of this entry