Archiv für den Monat Juli 2012
|Sayed Abduljawad Mousavi|
The following is the English translation of an interesting blog post written bySayed Abduljawad Mousavi originally in Farsi. He is an Iranian poet, journalist, author and cultural critic, who is politically aligned with the mainstream narrative of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is safe to assume that he is pro-Khamenei, or he would not be allowed to work as a journalist and a critic in this oppressive media environment of Iran.
by Shirin Moradi
During a United Nations Security Council meeting focusing on the issue of the Middle East, Iran’s representative to the United Nations Mohamad Khazaei accused Israel of “state terrorism” and deemed them responsible for the terror attack against Israeli tourists on a bus in Bulgaria last week.
In the immediate aftermath of the attack, Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu claimed that the attack exhibited characteristics typical of Hezbollah or Iran, and promised to carry out swift justice against them. Some Israeli sources also suggested that the attack was perpetrated in retaliation for last year’s killings of Iranian nuclear scientists, which Iran accused Israel of orchestrating. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
In the aftermath of the attack on Israeli tourists in Bulgaria, InsideIran interviewed Lokman Slim, a Sorbonne-educated Shia activist, publisher, and filmmaker from Haret Hreik, Lebanon. He directs the organization Hayya Bina, which supports freedom of expression and political pluralism in Lebanon.
Q: The Israeli officials are blaming Hezbollah for the terrorist attack in Bulgaria. Given your knowledge of Hezbollah, do you believe these claims are valid?
A: While the question is straightforward, answering it is not quite so simple. After all, very few bombers and assassins leave their organizational calling cards at the sites of explosions or on the bodies of their victims. Speculation is always rampant in such situations and as history bears out, facts are sometimes “produced” to add weight to an intended outcome. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
RELIGION Presumed Muslim
CIVIL STATUS Single
DATE OF EXECUTION July 30, 2009
LOCATION Shahrebani (police) Prison, Iran
MODE OF EXECUTION unspecified extrajudicial execution
CHARGES Unknown charge Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
Iran Civil Society Review — Uncovering, International Awards, Sanctions, and Park Clean-Uo (weekly by Arseh Sevom)
We are back from our brief break! In this week’s review, Iranian organizations and individuals receive awards for their work on HIV/AIDS while Mississippi doctors try to fix healthcare inequalities by learning from Iran and Iran’s Supreme Leader puts an end to family planning. TheUnveil a Woman’s Right to Unveil goes from Facebook to the streets of Iran, residents in Neyshapour take to the streets to protest inflation,anda report shows the lopsided impact of economic sanctions on women. Agroup of citizens cleans a park in Isfahan and the loss of Iranian identity is lamented. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
Iran has consistently supported President Bashar Assad since the uprising erupted in March 2011. Yet Iran’s tone on the Syrian crisis has noticeably evolved. Tehran initially subscribed to the official Syrian narrative; it described the protests as insignificant and orchestrated by foreign powers, including the United States. The first shift was visible in August 2011, as escalating dissent spread nationwide. High-ranking Iranian officials began referring to the “legitimate” demands of the Syrian people and the need for political reform.
In a second shift, Iranian officials started calling for a negotiated solution in early 2012. Tehran then formally backed the six-point U.N. plan on March 28, 2012.
But the top political, religious and military leaders have taken widely diverse positions. Some have stressed the need for the regime, Tehran’s longtime ally, to engage in dialogue with the opposition. Others have encouraged solidarity with Assad against “the dirt” of Syria’s enemies. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
Source: Tehran Times
TEHRAN – Iran conducted economic transactions with 150 countries in the last calendar year, which ended on March 19, the finance and economic affairs minister says.
In an interview with IRNA news agency published on Sunday, Shamseddin Hosseini said of this number 80 countries transited their products through Iran.
Iran continues trading with the world at a time when certain countries are trying to put hurdles in front of its economic progress, the minister said.
Iran’s annual trade turnover is projected to reach $160 billion by the end of the fifth five-year development plan (March 2016), an official with the Trade Promotion Organization of Iran (TPOI) said in May.
Kiyumars Fathollah Kermanshahi added that the value of annual imports and exports are planned to reach $77 billion and $83 billion respectively by 2016.
Customs Administration director Abbas Memarnejad said in April that the non-oil trade balance decreased to $17.9 billion last year from $30.5 billion the year before.
China, the UAE, and Iraq were the main destinations for the Iranian goods, while the UAE, China and South Korea were the main exporters to Iran last year.
Economy Minister also said to counter some of the obstacles created to stop the transfer of money or goods, Iranian consumers are expected to buy domestically.
“Goods produced at home should replace foreign products.
US-based Iranian photographer Hamideh Zolfaqari has been awarded at the Prix de la Photographie, Paris (Px3) photo competition in France. Zolfaqari who took part in the Non-Professional Category of the contest, won the gold medal of the ‘Other’ category of the event’s Press section for her photograph titled ‘Differences.’
Entry Title: ” Differences”
Photos by Mirhossein Hosseini, ISNA
It’s summer, and once again Zayandeh Rud has dried up. This river, which passes under the historical sio-seh-pol bridge is one of the icons of the city of Isfahan in central Iran. However, in recent years the river has been drying during the summer months creating a depressing picture. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
by MUHAMMAD SAHIMI
Press Roundup provides a selected summary of news from the Farsi and Arabic press and excerpts where the source is in English.
11:40 p.m. IRDT, 9 Mordad/July 30 The board of directors of the Iranian Hemophilia Society has informed the World Federation of Hemophilia that the lives of tens of thousands of children are being endangered by the lack of proper drugs, a consequence of international economic sanctions imposed on the Islamic Republic. According to the Society, despite misleading statements from certain elements in the West, the export of drugs to Iran has not been banned; however, the sanctions imposed on the Central Bank of Iran and the country’s other financial institutions have severely disrupted the purchase and transfer of medical goods. Describing itself as a nonpolitical organization that has been active for 45 years, the Society condemned the “inhumane and immoral” U.S. and E.U. sanctions and appealed to international organizations for help. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
Press Roundup provides a selected summary of news from the Farsi and Arabic press and excerpts where the source is in English. Tehran Bureau has not verified these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy. Any views expressed are the authors’ own. Please refer to the Media Guide to help put the stories in perspective. You can follow breaking news stories on our Twitter feed.
4:30 a.m. IRDT, 10 Mordad/July 31 Thirty-nine defendants have been convicted by an Iranian court of involvement in a $2.6 billion bank fraud that roiled the Islamic Republic’s government last autumn. Four of those convicted have received death sentences; none of their names has been publicly revealed, as is true of most of the other defendants. Professor Muhammad Sahimi, a frequent contributor to Tehran Bureau, spoke Monday with PRI’s The World about the case:
Press TV, the English-language subsidiary of state-run Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, reported on the case in the following fashion:
Iran’s judiciary spokesman says a Tehran court has sentenced to death four people convicted in the biggest embezzlement case in the country’s banking history.”Of 39 defendants, whose charges were heard, the court’s judge has sentenced four to death and two others to life imprisonment. The remaining defendants received prison terms of 25 years, 20 years, 10 years, and less,” Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Ejei [pictured Monday at left] was quoted by IRNA [Islamic Republic News Agency] as saying on Monday. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
Teheran – Ein iranisches Gericht hat hohe Strafen im Prozess um den größten Finanzskandal in der Geschichte der Islamischen Republik verhängt: In dem Verfahren gegen 39 Beschuldigte seien vier Todesurteile verhängt worden, zitierte die iranische Nachrichtenagentur Irna Generalstaatsanwalt Gholam Hossein Mohseni-Edschei. Zwei weitere Angeklagte wurden zu lebenslangen Haftstrafen verurteilt, mehrere andere bekamen Strafen bis zu 25 Jahren. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
Dienstag, 31. Juli 2012 – 22:30 Uhr
ORF 2 Europe
Im Islamischen Gottesstaat Iran ist Homosexualität strengstens verpönt; wer bei sexuellen Handlungen mit einem gleichgeschlechtlichen Partner erwischt wird, muss mit der Todesstrafe rechnen. Homosexuelle Männer und Frauen sind also gezwungen, ihre Beziehungen strikt im Geheimen zu leben.
Seit jedoch im Jahr 1983 durch eine Fatwa, ein Rechtsgutachten, von Ayatollah Khomeini die der Geschlechtsumwandlung gestattet wurde, nützen viele Homosexuelle diese Möglichkeit. Sie unterziehen sich aufwändigen Operationen, um auf diese Weise ganz legal mit ihrem Wunschpartner zusammenzuleben. Die iranische Filmemacherin Tanaz Eshaghian begleitet einige iranische Männer und Frauen, die sich in einer Spezialklinik der Geschlechtsumwandlung unterzogen haben, und zeigt, wie sie mit ihrer neuen Identität zurechtkommen und mit welchen Problemen sie nun konfrontiert sind.
Petition gegen die Abschiebehaft irakischer Flüchtlinge in Schweden/Please sign the petition and spread!
The Iraqi parliament has now decided to not accept forced deportations from Europe to Iraq. Despite the plea form Iraq, Sweden ignores the agreements of return previously signed, which states that no expulsions may take place by force.
This notwithstanding the criticism from the UN, Amnesty International and the EU. Since 2009, Sweden has, as one of few
european countries, forcibly deported around 1690 Iraqis. Within the recent months, white buses with covered registration plates and company logos have been used for the mass deportations of iraqis. Unfortunately, the media hasnâEUR^(TM)t covered what has happened during a forced deportation. The only documentations existing of the mass deportations
are taken by the activists who have been on site towitness and protest.
Please sign the petition and spread!*
- immediately release the refugees imprisoned in the Migration
BoardâEUR^(TM)s detention centers.
- demand a new trial for the Iraqi asylum seekers so that they can
obtain a residence permit.
TEHRAN — Iran is a very urbanised society with a largely educated, young Muslim population that ranks as the Middle East’s second-biggest, its latest census figures, published on Sunday, show.
The snapshot, issued on the website of the presidency’s planning and strategic supervision department (www.amar.org.ir), also corrected some misconceptions about the country, notably by reporting fewer than expected Jews and Internet users.
The census, whose data was collected in 2011 and presented in resume last week by the department’s officials, gave Iran’s total population as 75.2 million, 99.4 percent of whom are Muslim.
That was larger than any other country in the region except for Egypt (81 million, according to the World Bank).
Iranians accounted for 73.5 million of the total, with 1.5 million Afghans making up the biggest minority living in the country. Other minorities included Iraqis (51,500), Pakistanis (17,700) and Turks (1,600).
An overwhelming proportion of the population — 71 percent — lived in urban areas, and Tehran and its satellite towns are home to 12.2 million inhabitants.
The literacy rate for those aged between 10 and 49 was 93 percent.
Most of the population is young, with 55 percent aged under 30.
The proportion of young Iranians use to be even higher, but a rapidly slowing birth rate — an average 1.29 children per couple, compared to 1.62 in the last census in 2006 — has resulted in a decrease in recent years.
The supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has recently sought to reverse a previous policy favouring birth control in a bid to boost the population to between 150 million and 200 million.
Even though Iran — a Shiite theocracy — is almost completely Muslim, other faiths are present.
There are 8,756 Jews in the country, according to the census. That was fewer than the 20,000 figure previously estimated.
There are also 117,704 Christians, the census said, as well as 25,271 Zoroastrians (adherents of a faith that dominated pre-Islamic Persia), and 49,101 listed as “other.” A total 265,899 people did not give a religion.
Education is an important value in Iran, as seen by a big jump in the number of people pursuing higher studies at university or in religious institutions (10.5 million, up from 6.9 million in 2006).
Men and women are split almost equally 50-50 in this category, underlining the growing number of educated Iranian women.
Iran has the biggest group of Internet users in the Middle East — although the figure of 11.2 million declaring themselves connected was far smaller than the estimate of 36 million advanced by the telecommunications ministry.
Source: Radio Zamaneh
Morteza Bakhtiari, Iran’s Minister of Justice, has announced that the judiciary should expedite the case against Saeed Mortazavi, the former Tehran prosecutor implicated in the torture and murder of detainees at Kahrizak Prison in 2009.
Former Tehran Prosecutor, Saeed Mortazavi has been found responsible for the torture and death of election protesters at the infamous detention centre Kahrizak, according to the Parliamentary Committee report which investigated the post-election events.
An Iranian MP has announced that Iran may face a shortage in wheat for bakeries as a large part of this year’s harvest has been sold to livestock farmers.
Hamed Ghadermazi said: “Wheat farmers have been forced to sell their harvest to livestock farmers in order to make up for their expenses.” Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
by HAMID NAFICY
When A Separation became the first Iranian film to win an Academy Award, more people gained awareness of the country’s rich film legacy. Hamid Naficy, a leading authority on Middle Eastern cinema, lists a selection of his favorite Iranian films.
The House is Black (1961), directed by Forugh Farrokhzad
This is a documentary about the lives of the lepers in the Babadaghi Leper Colony near Tabriz — one of the few films about disability in prerevolution Iran. This was not a typical institutional documentary, however, as it did not laud the services of its sponsor, the Society for Assistance to Lepers, and it did not use the official documentary style (except in a brief medical midsection). In fact, it set the tone and became the model for poetic realist documentaries and their vision of “radical humanism.” The film begins with scenes of bitter irony in the classroom of the leper colony in which voice and image counterpoint each other to create a powerful third message. A boy whose fingertips have been eaten away by the merciless disease and another whose face and eyes are ravaged read out loud from a textbook: “Lord, I praise thee for having given me hands to work / Eyes to see the beauty of the world.” In other scenes the lepers act like other people: they celebrate a wedding, put on make up, dance. This best poetic realist film by the foremost female poet of the last half of the 20th century, also manifested the parallel between writing poetry and film editing. A detailed examination of films she edited shows that she took a similarly careful approach to film editing as she did to composing poetry. Her written work is characterized by words that are highly evocative, atmospheric, emotional, sensorial, and corporeal. One of her coworkers at Golestan Film Workshop, Karim Emami, noted that many of her words “appertain to senses and the nervous system.” Her words refer to the physicality of reality in the same way that each shot of a documentary — the type of film she made — indexes an external reality. In addition, her poetic realism stems from her working with each shot in her films as though it were a word in a poem, with great care and precision. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
by MUHAMMAD SAHIMI
Press Roundup provides a selected summary of news from the Farsi and Arabic press and excerpts where the source is in English.
Donilon sought to make clear that the United States is seriously preparing for the possibility that negotiations will reach a dead end and military action will become necessary. He said reports of such preparations were not just a way to assuage Israel’s concerns…. Donilon shared information on U.S. weaponry and military capabilities for dealing with Iran’s nuclear facilities, including those deep underground. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
by PAUL MUTTER
Iran touts deterrent capability as America devotes new assets to waterway.
Like the 150 MPs in the Majles who just voted for a bill to close the Strait of Hormuz and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps commander who dismissed U.S. aircraft carriers in the region as “scrap metal,” aFlash graphic (see below) distributed by a Hezbollah website this week boldly proclaims Iran’s ability to fight a decisive battle in the Persian Gulf. The graphic’s images of Iranian missiles (which fly into the aircraft carrier in the animated version) contrast with what the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence judged in 2005: that “Iran can briefly close the Strait of Hormuz, relying on a layered strategy using predominately naval, air, and some ground forces,” but that it would have neither the capacity to maintain an offensive against U.S. military assets in the Gulf nor to continue fighting for an extended period of time without assuming major economic and military losses. Indeed, the Iranian military is now downplaying the bombast, as the United States is making a new show of force in the region ahead of a large U.S.-Israeli defense exercise set for October. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
By Dorian Jones, VOA
ISTANBUL – In Turkey, a well-known women’s talk show host has provoked ire among some Turks by offering a friend as a second wife to her husband. The overture thrust polygamy into the national spotlight.
“You have no shame! You are defending adultery,” a woman shouted at Sibel Uresin, an Islamic media personality, during a televised discussion program. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
By Golnaz Esfandiari , RFE/RL
A film scene censored by Iran’s state television
We have reported extensively about censorship in Iran’s state-controlled television, including censorship of foreign movies.
Iranian journalist Reza Valizadeh, who worked for some four years as a reporter, presenter, and producer with Iran’s radio and television, explained in a 2010 interview with “Persian Letters” how foreign movies and documentaries are altered on state TV to make them appropriate and Islamic in the eyes of Iranian decision makers. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
In an exclusive interview with Rooz, Mojtaba Vahedi, the former spokesperson for Green Movement leader Mehdi Karoubi who continues to be under house arrest, announced that he has decided to end his relationship as advisor to Mr. Karoubi. He made the announcement on his personal website in a letter in which he wrote that he believed in “the complete overthrow of the regime that has been created in the name of religion,” and since Karoubi continued to believe in the “Islamic republic as defined by ayatollah Khomeini”, he has decided to end his 30-year cooperation with him. In the letter, Vahedi calls Karoubi his “great teacher” and writes that now is a good time to join millions of Iranians. He also wishes Karoubi success in his path.
Vahedi is a well-known reformist and journalist. He was till this letter Karoubi’s advisor and spokesperson. He was also the chief editor of Aftab Yazd newspaper at one time. He is now a resident of Virginia in the United States.
Read on for the details.
Rooz: Had you informed Mr. Karoubi of your decision to separate prior to the announcement?
Mojtaba Vahedi (Vahedi): No. I spoke with one of his children after the publication of the letter. I think their minds were ready for this. When I wrote two weeks earlier that I was thinking of retirement, many thought of this. In the year and a half that I have been in the US whenever I gave any interviews I made it clear that it was as a journalist and political commentator. Prior to February 2011 you will not find anywhere where I said that I was speaking as the advisor to Karoubi. This was used only after the house arrest of Mr. Karoubi which was because of the message that he himself had sent me. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
Photos by Aboutaleb Nadri, Mehr News Agency
The morality police in Iran’s Golestan province was playing the good cup today. They were out in the streets handing flowers to women with “good hijab.” Will the bad cups be out tomorrow detaining the women with “bad hijab,” as they have been doing in the previous days and weeks?
This summer, the “morality police” has been active the streets of major cities in greater numbers confronting violations of the Islamic dress code. So handing out flowers with a smile was a welcome change! Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
Throughout July, a broad range of top political leaders, lawmakers and even military generals have publicly conceded that Iran faces growing economic hardships—with increasingly dangerous consequences. They have blamed both tightening international sanctions and years of government mismanagement. In an unusual move, Iran’s Supreme Leader intervened on July 24 to try to end the wave of criticism.
Will June 2013 see another eruption?
We will rise again. That’s the message from supporters of Iran’s opposition Green Movement less than a year before the country’s next presidential election. The previous one, held in June 2009, that saw President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad hold office shook the nation and put the world on watch. It lead to the emergence of the Green Movement and the biggest protests since the 1979 overthrow of the Shah. Analysts debated whether Iran was on the verge of revolution as millions of protesters, who believed Ahmadinejad and the wider government apparatus stole victory from reformist candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi, swept into the streets of cities across the country.
In the three years since, those Iranians have been silenced or forced to silence themselves as they fell back into the rhythm of normal life, left to deal with the political fallout, the arrests of loved ones, and the country’s deepening economic problems. But these people are far from content. They’re wondering whether the coming presidential elections will provide them with the catalyst to make themselves seen and heard again. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels
By Ladane Nasseri and Yeganeh Salehi
Western sanctions on Iran are biting so deep that even fishermen who make the two-hour journey across the Strait of Hormuz at night to Oman to smuggle flat-screen televisions, cell phones and food say they’re feeling the pain.
Using small fishing boats in a waterway through which a fifth of the world’s traded oil passes has always been a risky business. Rising fuel costs have increased the price of boat trips, while a slide in Iran’s currency has made it harder to pay suppliers. The risks are even greater with the state promising a crackdown on imports of manufactured items.
ist ein iranischer Film aus dem Jahr 2011. Ali Rafi’i schrieb das Drehbuch und führte Regie; es ist die zweite Regiearbeit Rafi’is.
Herr (Agha) Yousef ist ein pensionierter Angestellter, der zusammen mit seiner Tochter Rana lebt. Sein Sohn führt indes sein eigenes Leben und ist nach Kanada ausgewandert; Yousefs Frau starb fünf Jahre zuvor. Um für seinen Lebensunterhalt zu sorgen, arbeitet er als Reinigungskraft in den Häusern anderer Leute – eine Tätigkeit, die er vor seiner Tochter, an der er sehr hängt, geheim hält. Der normale Arbeitsalltag ändert sich, als er eines Tages die Stimme seiner Tochter auf dem Anrufbeantworter eines Kunden hört.
Berlin: 3,6 % mehr Iraner leben in Berlin – Ausländerinnen und Ausländer aus 185 Staaten beleben Berlin
Zum 30. Juni 2012 registrierte das Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg insgesamt
486 709 Einwohnerinnen und Einwohner mit einer nicht deutschen Staatsangehörigkeit
in Berlin. Gegenüber dem vergleichbaren Stand des Vorjahres stieg die Zahl der
Ausländer damit wiederum an und zwar um 20 655. Der Ausländeranteil beträgt
Die Anzahl der Einwohnerinnen und Einwohner mit Migrationshintergrund (Deutsche
mit Migrationshintergrund, Ausländerinnen und Ausländer) stieg in diesem Zeitraum
um 36 196 auf 924 400. Damit lag der Anteil der Einwohner mit Migrationshintergrund
an allen Einwohnern in Berlin bei 26,9 Prozent.
Die Ausländer sind in Berlin regional sehr unterschiedlich verteilt. Liegt der Ausländeranteil
im Bezirk Mitte bei 27,8 Prozent, so beträgt er in Treptow-Köpenick nur
3,6 Prozent. Beim Vergleich der Ortsteile reicht die Spannbreite von 34,5 Prozent im
Gesundbrunnen bis zu 1,1 Prozent in Blankenfelde. Der Ortsteil Gesundbrunnen ist
ebenfalls Spitzenreiter beim Anteil der Einwohner mit Migrationshintergrund mit
Die ausländischen Bürger kommen aus insgesamt 185 Staaten. Knapp drei Viertel
davon sind Europäer (73,5 Prozent). Aus asiatischen Staaten stammen 14,4 Prozent,
aus Amerika 5,6 Prozent, aus Afrika 3,6 Prozent und aus Australien und Ozeanien
kommen 0,5 Prozent der Ausländer.
Aus den 26 Staaten der Europäischen Union (außer Deutschland) waren 173 324
Bürger mit Hauptwohnung in Berlin gemeldet. Ca. 16 500 (10,5 Prozent) mehr als
vor einem Jahr. Ein größerer Anstieg war vor allem bei den Einwohnern aus Rumänien,
Bulgarien und Spanien zu verzeichnen.
Land der Staatsangehörigkeit: Iran
Insgesamt – Anzahl: 4 107 (0,8%)
Veränderung gegenüber dem Vorjahr: 141 (3,6 %)
Quelle: Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg
By Golnaz Esfandiari, RFE/RL
A video has emerged that allegedly shows a recent protest against high food prices in the city of Neishabour in northeastern Iran. In the video people are heard chanting “Death to [High Prices]”.
Iranians wait to buy chicken outside a shop in Tehran in July
RFE/RL has not been able to independently confirm the authenticity of the video, which has been making the rounds on social media. Lies den Rest dieses Artikels