Archiv für den Tag 16. April 2012

CPJ: Fear, Uncertainty Stalk Iranian Journalists in Exile

By María Salazar-Ferro and Sheryl A. Mendez

The days before Iran’s June 2009 elections were euphoric, photographer Javad Moghimi Parsa remembers. In Tehran, the atmosphere was festive and the anticipation palpable. But the mood turned quickly as results were announced, giving the presidency back to Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Thousands of people claiming fraud and demanding democracy crammed the streets and were met with brutal violence. Parsa covered the demonstrations in his time off from the semi-official Fars News agency. „This was the first time in my life I had seen so many people protesting together. I was in awe,“ he said. „So I followed them and took their pictures.“ Two weeks later, one of Parsa’s photos appeared on the cover of Time magazine. Parsa, who had secretly sent images abroad, was warned by his boss that journalists filing material to foreign media would be considered spies. Terrified by the prospect of jail, the photographer fled Iran the next day.

Since June 2009, the Journalist Assistance program at the Committee to Protect Journalists has been in contact with 68 Iranian journalists who have fled their country. Many left in the months that immediately followed the 2009 protests. But as Iranian authorities have continued to aggressively silence dissent, maintaining a revolving prison door for critical journalists, the exodus of the Iranian media personnel has not slowed. Today, more than half of the Iranian journalists living in exile are under the age of 35. The bulk crossed over the Turkish or Iraqi borders, facing difficult paths to relocation. Thirty-five permanently resettled in Western countries, most having been granted political asylum. Many have financial worries, and nearly all expressed continuous fear of retaliation from Iran. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags


Jahresbericht zur Pressefreiheit im Jahr 2011 [ID 213773] – Iran: „Attacks on the Press 2011“

Quelle: Committee to Protect Journalists

Iran: „Attacks on the Press 2011“

Jahresbericht zur Pressefreiheit im Jahr 2011 [ID 213773]

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Analysis: Fear, Uncertainty Stalk Iranian Journalists in Exile

UANI Joins NYC Public Advocate in Announcing End to Porsche’s Business in Iran

On Monday, United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI) joined New York City Public Advocate Bill de Blasio in announcing that Porsche AG (Porsche) has ended its business in Iran.

Porsche officials have confirmed that the company is no longer „engaged in any business or providing any goods or services in Iran,“ and „has no intention to conduct business in Iran in the near future.“

In a Monday statement, UANI CEO, Ambassador Mark D. Wallace, said:

We applaud Porsche for ending its Iran business. We are satisfied with the pledges Porsche has made, and UANI will now list Porsche as being withdrawn from Iran. Porsche joins fellow automakers Hyundai and Karsan in having taken the responsible action of pulling out of Iran. Other automakers–including Fiat, Isuzu, Kia, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Peugeot, Renault, Suzuki, Toyota and Volvo–must now follow suit, and end all business with the brutal Iranian regime.  Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Eye on Iran: Iran, Big Powers Agree – to Keep Talking

Top Stories

Reuters: „After a year of sanctions and sabre-rattling over Iran’s nuclear programme, negotiators from Tehran and six world powers finally resumed talks and found at least enough common ground to agree to meet again next month. With threats of war hanging over an already unsettled Middle East, U.S. and other Western diplomats welcomed an Iranian willingness in Istanbul on Saturday to discuss their nuclear activities – something they had refused since early last year. But though they will meet again, in Baghdad on May 23, they remained poles apart. Iran called for a lifting of sanctions and recognition its uranium enrichment is for purely peaceful ends; the United States demanded urgent action to prove the Islamic Republic is not seeking the potential nuclear arsenal which Washington and ally Israel threaten to eliminate by force. ‚While the atmosphere today was positive and good enough to merit a second round, we continue to stress … that there is urgency for concrete progress and that the window for a diplomatic resolution is closing,‘ said a senior U.S. official.“  Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Roundup of Today’s International News 16/04/12


Iran has nowhere to hide in Baghdad talks: analysts
„It is only when both sides have agreed on the next steps … and when whatever Iran will agree to can be verified, that we will be able to say for certain that something real has happened. Until then it’s only talk,“ [Bruno Tertrais] said.

Iran has no intention to halt 20% enrichment: Jalili
The secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council, Saeed Jalili, has said that Tehran does not intend to stop producing uranium enriched to a purity level of 20 percent.

Iran Nuclear Talks Face Challenges Heading to May Meeting
There is a “grave risk” that Iran is using the negotiations to buy time while seeking to ward off pressure, said Michael Singh, a former senior Iran adviser on the National Security Council under former President George W. Bush who is now a senior analyst at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. “U.S. officials’ briefing after the talks were conspicuously vague about the details of what is being asked of Iran,” Singh said. “Allowing the talks to stretch indefinitely into the future would be a mistake.”

Diplomats cautiously hopeful after talks in Turkey on Iran nuclear crisis
“But it’s just a prologue, not even a first chapter,” (Michael Adler) said. “Let’s see if a real start can be made in Baghdad in reining in both Iran’s nuclear ambitions and the quasi state of war against them.”

Statement by High Representative Catherine Ashton on behalf of the E3+3 following the talks with Iran, Istanbul, 14 April 2012
“We have agreed that the NPT forms a key basis for what must be serious engagement, to ensure all the obligations under the NPT are met by Iran (…) we can take urgent practical steps to build confidence and lead on to compliance by Iran with all its international obligations.”

Iran raises hopes of nuclear trade-off to halt oil sanctions
If Iran does table a substantive offer, it could bring to the surface longstanding differences among the six nations. At an initial meeting of the six delegations, the Russians recommended lifting some sanctions as a goodwill gesture. But western participants said the international community could not give up its main bargaining chip for nothing in return. European diplomats said that although the EU oil embargo does not take full effect until 1 July, the political decision had been taken and it would be almost impossible to stop.


Iranian officials ‚observed North Korean rocket launch‘
A dozen officials from Iran’s controversial ballistic missiles programme were present in North Korea last week to witness the failed rocket launch (…)“The Iranians undoubtedly were there to observe the missile launch and receive test data from North Korea,“ a diplomatic source as quoted as telling the news agency.

Iran to expand oil tanker fleet ahead of sanctions
Iran’s oil shipping operator NITC is expanding its oil tanker fleet with the first of 12 supertankers to be delivered from China in May, fortuitous timing for the OPEC member as Western sanctions force Tehran to rely more on its ships to export oil.

Internet censorship listed: how does each country compare?
According to the ONI data, Iran was the worst ranked, with „pervasive“ filtering in the political, social and internet tools categories and „substantial“ for conflict/security filtering (…)Worse yet, Iran has proposed a national internet, which would both increase the government’s grip over individual connections but also restrict foreign users from accessing Iranian websites. Additionally, individuals are also required to provide personal details to even use a cybercafe.


Shelling in Syria as U.N. Monitors Begin Work
The international community hopes UN observers will be able to stabilize the cease-fire, which formally took effect Thursday, although pockets of violence have persisted, particularly in the central cities of Hama and Homs (…)The pounding of Homs and other scattered violence has further fueled skepticism among Western countries and the Syrian opposition that Mr. Assad won’t abide by Mr. Annan’s six-point plan for a cease-fire.

UAE summons Iran’s envoy over Gulf island spat
The UAE’s minister of state for foreign affairs, Anwar Qarqash, “summoned the Iranian ambassador… and handed him a letter of protest, denouncing” Ahmadinejad’s visit on Wednesday to Abu Musa, WAM reported. Qarqash called the visit a “violation of UAE sovereignty.” (…)Tehran has insisted that Ahmadinejad’s trip, during which he said historical documents proved “the Persian Gulf is Persian,” is a purely “domestic issue.” (…) Abu Dhabi says the Iranians have since taken control of the entire island which controls access to the oil-rich Gulf and have built an airport and military base there.


US warns Iran to give ‚concrete‘ evidence it is halting nuclear ambitions
The US has warned Iran that it will be expected to „demonstrate verifiably“ at talks in Istanbul this weekend that it is prepared to roll back its nuclear programme (…) President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said on Thursday that his country will not retreat on its nuclear programme.

Crude Drops for Second Day in New York After Iran Talks
Brent crude fell, extending last week’s drop, after the first international talks in 15 months on Iran’s nuclear program yielded an agreement to reconvene in May. Futures slipped as much as 1.3 percent in London.

Obama says more Iran sanctions coming if talks drag
President Barack Obama said there would be more sanctions imposed on Iran if there is no breakthrough in nuclear talks with global powers in the coming months.


MTN defends operations in Iran
The South African group on Thursday described the allegations, which include claims that it bribed officials and used its influence to get South Africa to abstain from a vote on Iran at the International Atomic Energy Agency, as “unfounded” and “simply ludicrous”.


Oil falls to near $102 a barrel in Asia after Iran nuclear talks
Oil fell to near $102 a barrel Monday in Asia after negotiators said meetings over Iran’s nuclear program last weekend began on a positive note, easing tensions that had sent crude higher (…) Crude has dropped from $110 last month amid signs global crude supplies are outstripping demand. Rising crude output by Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest producer, slowing Chinese economic growth and weak demand in developing countries “all continue to lean in favor of lower prices.”

India replaces China as Iran’s top oil buyer
India has vaulted to the top of the list of Iran’s oil customers, overtaking China, in a first quarter buying surge ahead of tighter sanctions against Tehran this summer, data published by a leading industry consultant showed.

China urges ‚flexibility‘ in Iran nuclear talks
The head of the Iranian parliament’s influential foreign policy committee, Alaeddin Boroujerdi, said Tehran’s negotiators are open to proposals but described the overall issue of uranium enrichment as „nonnegotiable.“ „It is time for a revision in sanctions since Iran has proved its goodwill,“ he said. „The sanctions have no relevant link with the nuclear program and they should be removed.“

To Russia via Iran: India bets on ambitious route
India has agreed to provide expertise (…) for the multi-modal transportation framework that will connect ports on the west coast of India to Badar Abbas in Iran on the Strait of Hormuz, further through land to Bandar Anzali port on the Caspian Sea and then through Rasht and Astara on the Azerbaijan border towards Kazakhstan, and further onwards towards Russia.


Seeking Nuclear Insight in Fog of the Ayatollah’s Utterances
Referring to Colonel Qaddafi, Ayatollah Khamenei said that “this gentleman wrapped up all his nuclear facilities, packed them on a ship and delivered them to the West and said, ‘Take them!’ ”“Look where we are, and in what position they are now,” he added.

Iran sanctions: For US, Japan unlikely to be standard for India
As compared 16.4 per cent of its total oil imports coming from Iran in 2008-2009, in 2011-12, it came down to 10.3 per cent. But India faces the problem of further reduction as some of its refineries have been built to run solely on Iranian crude.

Middle East analyst Veysel Ayhan: Ceasefire in Syria not likely to last
Iran seeks to continue the support that it provides to Hezbollah through Syria (…) If Iran’s concerns are addressed, Tehran can support a regime change in Syria. If a peaceful solution cannot be achieved in Syria, then Iran might try to use its paramilitary powers — Hezbollah, Islamic Jihad, Badr Brigades, etc. — to destabilize the Middle East.

Source: Réalité-EU 


  • Iran – UA-104/2012
Index: MDE 13/021/2012 – 13. April 2012



Die iranische Menschenrechtlerin Mansoureh Behkish ist zu viereinhalb Jahren Haft verurteilt worden. Sie will Rechtsmittel einlegen. Sollte sie die Haft antreten müssen, würde Amnesty International sie als gewaltlose politische Gefangene betrachten.

Mansoureh Behkish hat am 4. April erfahren, dass sie wegen „Versammlung und Verschwörung zur Störung der nationalen Sicherheit durch Gründung der Gruppe ‚Trauernde Mütter'“ zu einer vierjährigen Haftstrafe und wegen „Propaganda gegen das System“ zu sechs Monaten Haft verurteilt worden ist. Ihre Verhandlung hatte am 25. Dezember 2011 vor der Abteilung 15 des Teheraner Revolutionsgerichts stattgefunden.

Mansoureh Behkish ist Mitglied der Gruppe „Laleh-Park-Mütter“ (zuvor „Trauernde Mütter“), die sich gegen Menschenrechtsverletzungen wie außergerichtliche Hinrichtungen, willkürliche Festnahmen, Folter und Verschwindenlassen einsetzt. Sie war am 12. Juni 2011 in Teheran festgenommen und danach im Trakt 209 des Evin-Gefängnisses festgehalten worden, der offenbar unter der Kontrolle des Geheimdienstministeriums steht. Am 9. Juli 2011 wurde sie auf Kaution freigelassen. Am 17. März 2010 hatte man Mansoureh Behkish davon abgehalten, nach Italien zu reisen, und beschlagnahmte ihren Reisepass. Sie darf seitdem nicht aus dem Land ausreisen.

Zhila Karamzadeh-Makvandi, ein weiteres Mitglied der Laleh-Park-Mütter, wurde am 27. Dezember 2011 in der Teheraner Passabteilung festgenommen. Sie wurde in das Evin-Gefängnis gebracht, um eine zweijährige Haftstrafe anzutreten, zu der man sie wegen ihrer friedlichen Aktivitäten im Zusammenhang mit der „Gründung einer illegalen Organisation“ und des „Handelns gegen die nationale Sicherheit“ schuldig befunden hatte. Leyla Seyfollahi und einem weiteren Unterstützer der Gruppe, Nader Ahsani, drohen ebenfalls zweijährige Haftstrafen wegen ihrer Mitgliedschaft bei den Laleh-Park-Müttern. Sie könnten jederzeit inhaftiert werden.



  • Ich fordere Sie auf, das Urteil gegen Mansoureh Behkish aufzuheben und die Verfahren gegen Leyla Seyfollahi und Nader Ahsani einzustellen, da sie ansonsten als gewaltlose politische Gefangene anzusehen wären, die sich nur aufgrund ihrer friedlichen Menschenrechtsaktivitäten in Haft befänden.
  • Ich bitte Sie, Zhila Karamzadeh-Makvandi unverzüglich und bedingungslos freizulassen, da sie eine gewaltlose politische Gefangene ist, die sich nur aufgrund ihrer friedlichen Aktivitäten als Mitglied der Laleh-Park-Mütter in Gewahrsam befindet.
  • Ich fordere Sie auf, die rechtswidrige Einschränkung der Meinungs-, Versammlungs- und Vereinigungsfreiheit im Iran zu beenden.


Ayatollah Sayed ‚Ali Khamenei
The Office of the Supreme Leader
Islamic Republic Street – End of Shahid
Keshvar Doust Street
(korrekte Anrede: Your Excellency / Exzellenz)

Ayatollah Sadegh Larijani
[c/o] Public Relations Office, Number 4
2 Azizi Street intersection
(korrekte Anrede: Your Excellency / Exzellenz)
(Betreff: FAO Ayatollah Sadegh Larijani)

Mohammad Javad Larijani
High Council for Human Rights
[c/o] Office of the Head of the Judiciary
Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave
south of Serah-e Jomhouri
(korrekte Anrede: Dear Sir / Sehr geehrter Herr Larijani)
(Betreff: FAO Mohammad Javad Larijani)

S.E. Herrn Alireza Sheikh Attar
Podbielskiallee 65-67
14195 Berlin
Fax: 030-8435 3535
E-Mail: oder

Bitte schreiben Sie Ihre Appelle möglichst sofort. Schreiben Sie in gutem Persisch, Englisch, Französisch oder auf Deutsch. Da Informationen in Urgent Actions schnell an Aktualität verlieren können, bitten wir Sie, nach dem 27. Mai 2012 keine Appelle mehr zu verschicken.


Die Laleh-Park-Mütter (zuvor „Trauernde Mütter“) setzen sich hauptsächlich aus Frauen zusammen, deren Kinder im Zuge der gewaltsamen Unruhen nach den umstrittenen Präsidentschaftswahlen im Juni 2009 getötet oder inhaftiert wurden bzw. dem Verschwindenlassen zum Opfer gefallen sind. Der Gruppe haben sich jedoch schnell auch Angehörige von Opfern anderer Menschenrechtsverletzungen sowie viele weitere UnterstützerInnen angeschlossen. Mansoureh Behkish hat mehrere Familienangehörige verloren, die in den 1980er Jahren hingerichtet wurden. Seitdem engagiert sie sich für die Menschenrechte und wurde bereits mehrmals festgenommen. Die Laleh-Park-Mütter treffen sich jeden Samstag in der Nähe des Ortes, an dem die Protestlerin Neda Agha-Soltan getötet wurde, um zur ungefähren Stunde ihrer Tötung eine Stunde lang schweigend zu trauern. Neda Agha-Soltan ist zum Symbol für die brutalen Methoden der Sicherheitskräfte nach den umstrittenen Präsidentschaftswahlen von 2009 geworden. Ihr Tod war in Filmaufzeichnungen zu sehen, die um die Welt gingen.

Mansoureh Behkish und weitere Mitglieder der Laleh-Park-Mütter wurden zum ersten Mal am 5. Dezember 2009 während des wöchentlichen Treffens der Gruppe im Laleh-Park festgenommen. Auch am 9. Januar 2010 wurden wieder Mitglieder festgenommen. Viele von ihnen wurden geschlagen und zehn Frauen mussten anschließend im Krankenhaus behandelt werden. Nähere Informationenfinden Sie in dem Bericht Iran: Trauernde Mütter müssen freigelassen werden, unter….

Zwischen 1981 und 1988 verlor Mansoureh Behkish sechs Familienangehörige – eine Schwester, vier Brüder und einen Schwager. Von August 1988 bis kurz vor dem zehnten Jahrestag der Islamischen Revolution im Februar 1989 ließen die iranischen Behörden politische Gefangene im so genannten „Gefängnismassaker“ summarisch hinrichten. Es handelte sich hier um die höchste Zahl an Hinrichtungen seit dem ersten und zweiten Jahr der Iranischen Revolution von 1979. Insgesamt sollen dabei zwischen 4.500 und 5.000 Frauen und Männer in Gefangenschaft getötet worden sein.

In den vergangenen Jahren hat sich Mansoureh Behkish an den Gedenkveranstaltungen für die Opfer der Massenhinrichtungen von 1988 beteiligt. Jedes Jahr am oder um den 29. August herum organisieren die Familienangehörigen der Opfer eine solche Gedenkveranstaltung, um an die Toten zu erinnern und Gerechtigkeit zu fordern. Hunderte derjenigen, die summarisch hingerichtet wurden, liegen auf dem Khavaran-Friedhof im Süden Teherans begraben, viele von ihnen in anonymen Massengräbern. Die iranischen Behörden üben derweil Druck auf die Familien der Opfer aus, keine Gedenkveranstaltungen abzuhalten, weder auf dem Friedhof noch zu Hause. Am 29. August 2008 wurde Mansoureh Behkish festgenommen und drei Tage lang im Evin-Gefängnis festgehalten. Im selben Jahr wurde sie noch mehrmals vorgeladen.

Mansoureh Behkish betreut ihre 91-jährige Mutter und ist deren wichtigste Bezugsperson.


  • Urge the Iranian authorities to quash the sentences against Mansoureh Behkish and to drop the charges against Leyla Seyfollahi, and Nader Ahsani as if imprisoned, they would be prisoners of conscience convicted solely for their peaceful human rights activities.
  • Call on them to release Zhila Karamzadeh-Makvandi immediately and unconditionally, as she is a prisoner of conscience, held solely for her peaceful activities as a member of the Mothers of Laleh Park.
  • Urge them to remove undue restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly.
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