Archiv für den Tag 18. April 2012

Iranische Polizei stürmt Studentenwohnheim im Teheran

Iran: Opiumkonsumenten sterben früher


Teheran – Opiate sind nicht nur als Arzneimittel eine riskante Droge. Auch der gewohnheitsmäßige Konsum, der in der nordiranischen Provinz Golestan vor allem bei älteren Männern verbreitet ist, erhöht einer prospektiven Kohortenstudie im Britischen Ärzteblatt (BMJ 2012; 344: e2502) zufolge das Sterberisiko.

Die Golestan Cohort Study ist ein gemeinsames Projekt des Digestive Disease Research Centre (DDRC) in Teheran, der International Agency for Research on Cancer (IACR) in Lyon und des US-National Cancer Institute in Bethesda. Es wurde ursprünglich ins Leben gerufen, um die Ursache für die hohe Prävalenz des Ösophaguskarzinoms in der nordiranischen Provinz Golestan zu untersuchen. Schon bald stellte sich heraus, dass neben dem Mangel an Obst und Gemüse, der Gewohnheit den Tee kochend heiß zu trinken, der Vorliebe für Wasserpfeife und Kautabak auch Opium ein Risikofaktor ist.

Der Milchsaft aus der Samenkapsel der Opiumpflanze wird vor allem in den ländlichen Regionen von Golestan konsumiert. Er wird entweder als Teriak (getrocknete Milch) geraucht oder gegessen, als Sukhteh (Asche des gerauchten Teriak, enthält viele Karzinogene) gegessen, als Shireh (gekochtes und gefiltertes Sukhteh) geraucht, inhaliert oder gegessen, oder auch nach Art der Ungläubigen als Heroin injiziert oder geraucht.

Vielen Konsumenten gelingt es die Opiummenge auf durchschnittlich 3 Nokhod (Gewichtseinheit für Opium, jeweils 0,2 Gramm) zu begrenzen, doch auch im Rosengarten (so die wörtliche Übersetzung von Golestan) ist der fortgesetzte Opiumkonsum der Gesundheit nicht gerade zuträglich. Hooman Khademi vom DDRC und Mitarbeiter ermitteln ein bei Männern und 83 Prozent erhöhtes Sterberisiko. Bei Frauen, der eher selten zur Droge greifen, war es sogar um 143 Prozent erhöht.

Die Drogenkonsumenten sterben an Atemwegserkrankungen wie Asthma (Hazard Ratio HR 11,0) und chronisch-obstruktiver Lungenerkrankungen (HR 5,44). Beides dürfte mit der häufigen inhalativen Aufnahme der selbst zubereiteten Droge zusammenhängen. Auch ein Teil der häufigeren Krebstodesfälle (HR 1,61) dürfte hiermit in Verbindung stehen, meint Khademi. Der Drogenkonsum war aber auch mit einer erhöhten Sterblichkeit an Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen (HR 1,81) assoziiert.

Vollständiger Artikel

Asma al Assad to stop violence in Syria – Pls. support and share this!

Over the last year, hundreds of people, children, women have already died in Syria… Bachar Al-Assad has been closing his eyes in view of this awful and bloody situation in his own country! So has Asma Al-Assad! But is high time Asma to stand up, to speak out and to care about your people! Stop being afraid and please act for all these dead innocent children!

You are the wife of a ruthless criminal, but first of all you are a woman and a mother of young children! You are supposed to be the voice of all Syrian women! You must take responsibility! Stop protecting your own life and your own confort, go fighting for your people and stop the violence against women and children!

Women, Men, everyone around the world, be yourself involved in the protection of Human Rights by signing this petition : Asma Al-Assad: Stop the bloodshed in Syria

Israel and Iran: A Dangerous Rivalry

The Rand Corporation issued a report in December entitled “Israel and Iran: A Dangerous Rivalry” by Dalia Dassa Kaye, Alireza Nader, and Parisa Roshan. Alireza Nader is a contributing author to “The Iran Primer.” Excerpts from the summary are posted below, with a link to the entire report.

The Israeli-Iranian Rivalry Could Lead to Direct Military Conflict
Once de facto allies, Iran and Israel now view each other as rivals for power and influence in the region. The Iranian regime views Israel as a regional competitor bent on undermining its revolutionary system; Israel sees Iran as its predominant security challenge posing grave strategic and ideological challenges to the Jewish state. Israeli concerns that the Arab uprisings may benefit Iran and enhance its regional influence have only deepened Israeli alarm, even if the reality of enhanced Iranian influence may be questionable. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Leaders in Iran, U.S., Israel on Nuke Talks

The following is a collection of recent quotes from senior officials in Iran, the United States, and Israel about the new diplomatic initiative to resolve disputes over Tehran’s controversial nuclear program. The world’s six major powers—the United States, Britain, China, France, Germany and Russia—are set to start talks on April 14 in Istanbul.

Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Feb. 22
„We are not seeking nuclear weapons because the Islamic Republic of Iran considers possession of nuclear weapons a sin … and believes that holding such weapons is useless, harmful and dangerous“.
„The Islamic Republic of Iran wants to prove to the world that possessing nuclear weapons does not bring power and that might doesn’t come from atomic weapons. Might based on nuclear weapons can be defeated and the Iranian nation will do this.“ Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Analysis of Iran Nuke Talks

Michael Adler in Istanbul

What happened during the talks?
The most concrete result of the meeting in Istanbul on April 14 was a new round of talks scheduled for May 23 in Baghdad.    The original goal was to re-start diplomacy between Iran and the world’s six major powers— Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and the United States, nicknamed the P5 plus 1—because of concerns that Iran is secretly trying to develop a nuclear weapon. Diplomacy had broken down in January 2011 when Iran said at a meeting with the P5 plus 1, also in Istanbul, that it would only negotiate if sanctions against it were lifted and if its right to enrich uranium were accepted without reserve. The success at the new Istanbul talks was that Iran did not impose such preconditions. The two sides discussed Iran’s nuclear program but did not try to agree on measures to do something about it. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Iran’s Calculations in New Diplomatic Talks

Alireza Nader

What did Iran get out of the talks with the six major powers–U.S., Britain, France, China, Russia and Germany–at the first diplomatic meeting in Istanbul?
Iran apparently took a constructive approach at the first round of talks, according to Western diplomats at the talks. Tehran’s attitude at this point in time should come as no great surprise. The Islamic Republic is under tremendous economic and political pressure. U.S. sanctions against the Iranian Central Bank have caused major economic disruptions. The European embargo on Iranian oil, set to begin this July, will further weaken Iran’s oil-dependent economy.
But the talks also demonstrate that the Iranian regime has substantial leverage over the so-called P5+1 major powers and the larger international community. Iran’s nuclear program continues to make progress. Tehran is slowly approaching the point at which it can create nuclear weapons if the leadership chooses to do so. The lack of an effective military option may enhance Iran’s bargaining position. Iranian leaders are aware of the costs of a military conflict – not just for Iran—as well as the costs for the United States and the international community. The talks are critical, and Iran holds the key to their success. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

tehranbureau:Three-Way Ties: Civil Society, State Ideology, and Geopolitics


talaie_iran.jpgDrugs, Deviancy and Democracy in Iran: The Interaction of State and Civil Society
by Janne Bjerre Christensen (I.B. Tauris)

Arab Spring Dreams: The Next Generation Speaks Out for Freedom and Justice from North Africa to Iran
edited by Sohrab Ahmari and Nasser Weddady (Palgrave Macmillan)

Gareth Smyth has reported from the Middle East for 20 years. Among his recent pieces is „The Idle Hands of Youth,“ on young people in Iran.

[ books ] In 2005, I visited a museum in Rafsanjan. There was a room full of the gifts received as president by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, of which a gaily painted rickshaw from Bangladesh was the most memorable. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Militärparade: Iran präsentiert seine Waffensysteme

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The Latest from Iran (18 April): Trust Us, All is Well

Minister of Oil Rustam Qassemi0515 GMT: We begin this morning with an All-Is-Well Alert:

Iran’s Oil Minister Rostam Qasemi says despite international pressures and foreign sanctions against Iran, none of the country’s oil industry projects have been stopped so far….

“Despite the intensification of sanctions, new records have been registered for building new gas refineries in the South Pars region….Despite international sanctions, the Oil Ministry welcomes foreign companies’ investment and participation in [developing Iran’s] oil and gas industries,” he added.

Qasemi further noted that due to the high quality of Iran’s crude oil, the country is currently facing no restrictions for selling and exporting crude oil to global markets.

And Speaker of Parliament Ali Larijani says all is on course for an Iranian triumph in the nuclear talks:“[The West has] realized that they will face effective interaction by the Islamic Republic of Iran if they substitute the bullying language with prudence and the dual attitudes with a legal system….We take notice of the change in the West’s attitude.”  Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

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