Archiv für den Tag 19. April 2012

MP calls on Iranian refugees to take files to Iraqi House of Representatives

SULAIMANIYA, April 19 (AKnews) – Iranian refugees in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region can take their issues to the committee of human rights at the Iraqi House of Representatives so as to be followed up, said a committee member.

ashuaq jaf, ashwaq jafThe committee will insert the demands in its agenda and will propose it to the House, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Kurdistan parliament and government, said MP Ashwaq Jaf.

There are hundreds of Iranian refugees, most of them Kurds, who have been living in Kurdistan for more than 10 years. Despite this, they have not been issued citizenship and have been deprived of many rights enjoyed by fellow Iranians in other countries.

Fuad Abbasi, a 30-year-old Iranian Kurdish refugee in the Kurdistan Region, said so far neither the UN nor the Kurdish government has responded to demands for citizenship.

Abbasi, who has been living in the region as a political refugee since 2001, accused the UN “as the major party responsible” for refugees of “playing with our destiny every year”.

He called on the UN and the Kurdistan government to “make our destiny clear because in any democratic country… refugees are granted citizenship after five years and enjoy the full rights as the rest of the citizens in that country”.

Abbasi also demanded the government not to treat the refugees as “fuel of the tensions between Baghdad, Erbil and the UN”.

He complained that some of the refugees suffer from serious health conditions and need to be treated abroad but since they are banned in Iran and they do not have an Iraqi passport they have to suffer the pain for the rest of their lives.

“Every day we should dig a grave for our beloved ones,” he said.

Last year AKnews conducted a report in Soran city, Erbil province. In this city alone it was reported that there were more than 450 Iranian women who married Iraqi Kurdish men, but most of them after 20 years of marital life were not naturalized as Iraqi citizens.

By Idris Abu-Bakir

Iran and Islam

Juan Cole

 
  • Iran is a theocracy that mixes religion and state more thoroughly than any other country in the world.
  • Shiite Islam gives a special place to its clerics and demands blind obedience to their rulings on religious law.
  • The commemoration of the martyrdom of holy figures is central to Shiite religious sensibilities and plays out in Iran’s populist politics.
  • Since 1979, the Islamic Republic has imposed a strongly patriarchal order, but pious women have found ways to assert themselves in society and education.
  • The contemporary Shiite revival has given Iran influence in the Muslim world and especially among other Shiite communities in the Arab world and South Asia, challenging the Sunni secular nationalists and traditional monarchies.
Overview
          The 1979 revolution unseated the last dynasty to rule Iran from the Peacock Throne. But it also represented a revolution within Shiism, which had traditionally shunned direct clerical involvement in politics. Revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini introduced the idea of clerical supervision of a modern republican state that has all three standard branches of government—the executive, legislature and judiciary.
         Iran is today the world’s only clerically-ruled government. Shiite Islam is not just the religion of state, but also forms the framework for a theocracy. As such, religion and politics are inseparable. The starting point for debates in Iran is not secular law and civil rights, but the tradition of Muslim jurisprudence and practice called the Sharia. Lively debates center on issues such as the nature of a just government, women’s rights in Islam, economic justice and the extent of limits on personal liberty. Since the mid-1990s, the Iranian political divide has also played out over the balance of power between the republican and religious nature of the state. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Iran: The Supreme Leader

Karim Sadjadpour

  • Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is Iran’s most powerful official. As supreme leader, he has constitutional authority or substantial influence over the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government as well as the military and media.
  • Khamenei lacks the religious credentials and popular support of his predecessor, revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. As a result, Khamenei has been more insecure and vulnerable to criticism from religious and political circles.
  • Khamenei had tried to cultivate the image of a magnanimous guide above the political fray. But his support of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in the disputed 2009 elections—amid mass protests and unprecedented political fissures—further undermined his legitimacy and support.
  • Khamenei is primarily interested in protecting his power and ensuring the survival of the Islamic theocracy, which he believes is based on justice, independence, self-sufficiency and piety.
  • Khamenei’s foreign policy is driven by animosity to the United States and Israel. It is unclear whether he could abandon this position without undermining the raison d’etre of the Islamic system. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

The Latest from Iran (19 April): Supreme Leader Seeing “Positive” Nuclear Talks?

0600 GMT: We start on the nuclear front and a notable piece of public relations by the Supreme Leader’s chief foreign policy advisor, former Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati.

We might be sceptical at EA about the prospects for a breakthrough in the talks — see our analyses this week about the low chance of Iran succeeding with the demand of an initial reduction in sanctions and the attempt to split Europe from the US — but Velayati wasupbeat in comments to State media:

This was a positive step by the 5+1 group, and they finally returned to the negotiation table after many months and, in effect, they have reached the conclusion that the Islamic Republic will not accept the language of threats. The Islamic Republic has said on many occasions that when they give up threats and prepare for talks, it is ready to negotiate with them in the framework of international regulations and its given rights.

Velayati said the 5+1 Powers (US, Britain, France, Germany, China, and Russia) had for the first time acknowledged Iran’s has the right to exploit nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.

Ahh, but here’s the issue of substance rather than spin. The US and Europeans have always acknowledged Iran’s “right” to work with uranium up to 3.5%. What they have not done, and thus the issue of the talks, is accept Iran’s enrichment to 20%, claiming this could be a platform for further enrichment and thus militarisation of the programme.

So are there “positive” numbers to back up the claimed optimism of the Supreme Leader’s camp?

Bayern 2 Notizbuch: Leben in Teheran – “Frauen schaffen sich kleine Freiheiten”

Mina Esfandiari, in Hamburg aufgewachsene Deutsch-Iranerin, ist für ein Fotoprojekt nach Teheran gefahren. Im Gespräch mit Tanja Zieger erzählt sie von ihren Beobachtungen im Iran.

Ein Beitrag von: Tanja ZiegerStand: 10.04.2012
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