Archiv für den Tag 12. Juli 2012

Non-proliferation Designations; Non-proliferation Designation Removals; Iran Designations

OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL

Specially Designated Nationals Update


The following individuals have been added to OFAC’s SDN list:

FADAVI, Ali (a.k.a. FADWI, Ali); DOB Feb 1961; Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps Navy Commander (individual) [NPWMD].
FROSCH, Daniel; DOB 26 Apr 1982; POB Austria; citizen Austria; Passport LO798512 (Austria) (individual) [NPWMD].
RABIEE, Hamid Reza, Tehran, Iran; DOB 01 Feb 1962 (individual) [NPWMD].
TANIDEH, Hossein; DOB 09 Jun 1964; Passport H13781445 (Iran) expires 09 Jun 2013 (individual) [NPWMD]. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Iranian authorities crack down on dress code

Source: Radio Zamaneh

The Ahwaz public prosecutor has announced that women will be sentenced to cash fines or imprisonment if they are seen in public disobeying the Islamic dress code.


Related Story: Photos: Women Attending Concert In Tehran Arrested By Morality Police

The prosecutor’s office has reportedly announced that penalties could include up to two months in jail or cash fines of anywhere between 50 and 500,000 rials.

Meanwhile, in Tehran, 53 coffee shops have been shut down as part of the „local security plan.“

A Tehran security official told ISNA that the coffee shops have been shut down because they were in violation of Islamic values.

Tehran police announced that Tehran parks will also become subject to security checks.

In recent months, morality police in Tehran and other major cities have become more active in confronting violations of Iran’s strict public dress code regulations.

Deprived People of Ghaleh Simoon in Eslamshahr, Iran

Photos by Mojtaba Heidari, Mehr News Agency

A visit to Ghaleh Simoon in Eslamshahr… (ghaleh is Persian for castle)

When they take you to this point, with your eyes closed, you would not believe that in the nearest city to Tehran, the capital of Islamic Iran, there are people who are experiencing being alive under the most difficult conditions, instead of experiencing life.

Simoon is a ruin of a castle, a place of failed dreams…

Read the report by Amir Abbas Ranjbar and Asieh Chaharbaghi (in Persian) Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Bad Romance: The Curious Case of the Shah and the Neocons

by ANDREW SCOTT COOPER

The clash of realpolitik with ideological purity.

shah_ford2.jpg

Andrew Scott Cooper is the author of The Oil Kings: How the U.S., Iran and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East. Dr. Cooper has worked at the United Nations and Human Rights Watch. He holds advanced degrees in history and strategic studies from Columbia University, the University of Aberdeen, and Victoria University.
When is a friend not a friend?

On paper at least, the Shah of Iran in the 1970s seemed a natural partner for influential American neoconservatives who favored his essentially conservative pro-Western, pro-Israeli foreign policy. They both harbored a visceral suspicion of Arab power and a deep distrust of the Soviet Union. Indeed today, when the neocons lament the fate of Iran after 1979, the air is practically redolent with nostalgia for the Peacock Throne. However, the reality of that earlier period was more complicated than some would like to have us believe. Declassified documents from the mid-1970s reveal that neoconservative support for the Shah was at best conditional. In the curious case of the archconservative Shah, we see the origins of the ideological litmus test since applied by neoconservatives to friend and foe alike: „You are either with us or against us.“ Count the Shah of Iran as one of those who failed it.

In the early 1970s, Israel had no greater friend in the Middle East than Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. The Shah took great pride in protecting Iran’s religious and ethnic minorities, particularly the 60,000 Jews who chose to stay on in Iran even after the state of Israel was established in 1948. Their community had ties with the Persians going back to biblical times. More to the point, the Shah viewed Iran and Israel — the two non-Arab states in the region — as natural allies. They were bastions of tolerance, moderation, and anti-communism, friendly to the United States, and shared overlapping strategic interests.

Bilateral ties were extensive if low-key. The government of Israel’s unofficial representative in Tehran worked out of the Israeli Trade Mission, located near the United States Embassy. By 1970, about $40 million worth of Iranian oil was exported to Israel every year. The Shah made the somewhat specious claim that the sale of oil to Israel was a business arrangement worked out with the oil consortium that had nothing to do with his government. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Abdollah Nouri: Hold National Referendum on Nuclear Program

by MUHAMMAD SAHIMI

Press Roundup provides a selected summary of news from the Farsi and Arabic press and excerpts where the source is in English. 

AbdollahNouriVertical.jpg2:45 a.m. IRDT, 22 Tir/July 12 In a meeting at his Tehran home with a group of academics and university activists on Wednesday, former interior minister Abdollah Nouri, a disciple of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, proposed a national referendum to allow the Iranian people to decide what to do about the country’s nuclear program and, hence, the standoff with the United States and its allies. While defending a peaceful nuclear program as Iran’s „fundamental right,“ he described the economic „trap“ into which the Western powers have led the country and argued that Iranians must not allow a single issue, however important, „to threaten all of our national interests.“Nouri, born in 1949, is a cleric who is widely popular among university students, reformists, and other supporters of the Green Movement. He was a Majles deputy during the Second and part of the Third Majles (1984-89), then left to take over the Interior Ministry in the first Rafsanjani administration. In 1993, along with then minister of culture and Islamic guidance Mohammad Khatami, he was forced out of office by the ultra-conservatives. He was elected again as a legislator to the Fifth Majles in 1996, and again left to head the Interior Ministry the following year in the first Khatami administration. In 1998, however, he was impeached by the right-wing-controlled parliament due to his efforts to institutionalize freedoms for peaceful gatherings and demonstrations and his support for former Tehran mayor Gholam Hossein Karbaschi and Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri, who had been put under house arrest. Later that year, Nouri was elected to Tehran’s first city council. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Liste von im Iran inhaftierten Journalisten und Schriftstellern

Im Iran sind so viele JournalistInnen und SchriftstellerInnen inhaftiert wie in keinem anderen Land. Am 31. Dezember 2011 waren es 42, berichtet die Nichtregierungsorganisation Committee for the Protection of Journalists (CPJ) mit Sitz in New York. Die Zahl ist damit deutlich höher als in Eritrea, wo sich 28 Journalisten in Haft befinden, und in China, wo 27 Journalisten eine Haftstrafe verbüßen. Nach eigenen Recherchen der Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker (GfbV) ist die Zahl der Inhaftierten im Iran inzwischen (Stand Juli 2012) auf 47 angestiegen.[1] Vor allem in Folge der umstrittenen Präsidentschaftswahlen 2009 und den darauf folgenden Prosteten gingen die iranischen Behörden stärker und offensichtlicher gegen kritische Stimmen vor. Im Folgenden finden Sie eine Liste mit den Namen der JournalistInnen und SchriftstellerInnen, dem Zeitpunkt ihrer Inhaftierung und einem kurzen Bericht über ihre Arbeit und Verhaftung.

 

1) Sam Mahmoudi SarabiDichter, Schriftsteller und Journalist, Inhaftiert seit 28. Mai 2012

Weil die Person, die die Kaution für Sam Mahmoudi Sarabi bereitstellte, nicht mehr bereit war für den Journalisten zu bürgen, wurde er am 28. Mai 2012 nach einem Jahr in Freiheit wieder inhaftiert. Sarabi schrieb für die Zeitung Sharq und wurde schon im Januar 2011 wurde Sam Mahmoudi Sarabi gefangen genommen. Dies war das zweite Mal innerhalb von knapp zwei Jahren. Er verbrachte daraufhin fünf Monate im Gefängnis bis er am 9. Mai 2011 auf Kaution frei gelassen wurde. Nach Angaben einer reformorientierten Nachrichtenseite ist Sarabi Unterzeichner eines Briefes, der den iranischen Staat direkt für den Tod des Mithäftlings Hoda Saber verantwortlich macht. Eine Gerichtsverhandlung steht noch aus.

Quelle:

Reporter ohne Grenzen, NGO (ROG) – http://en.rsf.org/iran-press-freedom-violations-recounted-16-04-2012,41718.html

The Green Voice of Freedom (GVF), reformorientierte Online-Nachrichtenseite –  http://en.irangreenvoice.com/article/2011/jun/13/3175

     

2) Mahsa Amrabadi, Journalistin, Inhaftiert seit 9. Mai 2012

Am 9. Mai 2012 wurde die Journalistin Mahsa Amrabadi zum Antritt ihrer einjährigen Haftstrafe ins Evin-Gefängnis nahe Teheran einbestellt. Ein Revolutionsgericht in Teheran hatte sie im Juni 2009 zu dieser Haftstrafe sowie einer 4-jährigen Bewährungsstrafe verurteilt. Amrabadi, die für mehrere reformorientierte Publikationen schrieb, wird vorgeworfen mit ihren Interviews und Reportagen regimefeindliche Propaganda betrieben zu haben. Als Beweise wurden unter anderem angeführt, dass sie ihren inhaftierten Ehemann, Masoud Bastani, verteidigt, und sich mit unabhängigen Großajatollahs und Familien von politischen Gefangenen getroffen hat. Obwohl Amrabadi während Demonstrationen im Februar 2011 bereits verhaftet wurde, wurde sie nach ein paar Tagen freigelassen. In einem Interview mit der NGO International Campaign For Human Rights in Iran erklärt Amrabadis Mutter, dass der neueingesetzte Richter der Strafvollstreckungseinheit (im Gegensatz zu seinem Vorgänger) der Auffassung ist, dass Amrabadi ins Gefängnis muss.

Quelle:

International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran (ICHR) – internationale Initiative http://persian.iranhumanrights.org/1391/02/amrabadi/

Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), NGO – http://www.cpj.org/2012/05/iranian-regime-continues-campaign-against-critical.php

http://www.iranian.com/main/2012/may/mahsa-amrabadi-prisoner-day Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

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