Archiv für den Monat Juli 2012
Press Roundup provides a selected summary of news from the Farsi and Arabic press and excerpts where the source is in English. Tehran Bureau has not verified these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy. Any views expressed are the authors‘ own. Please refer to the Media Guide to help put the stories in perspective. You can follow breaking news stories on our Twitter feed.
4:30 a.m. IRDT, 10 Mordad/July 31 Thirty-nine defendants have been convicted by an Iranian court of involvement in a $2.6 billion bank fraud that roiled the Islamic Republic’s government last autumn. Four of those convicted have received death sentences; none of their names has been publicly revealed, as is true of most of the other defendants. Professor Muhammad Sahimi, a frequent contributor to Tehran Bureau, spoke Monday with PRI’s The World about the case:
Press TV, the English-language subsidiary of state-run Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, reported on the case in the following fashion:
Iran’s judiciary spokesman says a Tehran court has sentenced to death four people convicted in the biggest embezzlement case in the country’s banking history.“Of 39 defendants, whose charges were heard, the court’s judge has sentenced four to death and two others to life imprisonment. The remaining defendants received prison terms of 25 years, 20 years, 10 years, and less,“ Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Ejei [pictured Monday at left] was quoted by IRNA [Islamic Republic News Agency] as saying on Monday. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Teheran – Ein iranisches Gericht hat hohe Strafen im Prozess um den größten Finanzskandal in der Geschichte der Islamischen Republik verhängt: In dem Verfahren gegen 39 Beschuldigte seien vier Todesurteile verhängt worden, zitierte die iranische Nachrichtenagentur Irna Generalstaatsanwalt Gholam Hossein Mohseni-Edschei. Zwei weitere Angeklagte wurden zu lebenslangen Haftstrafen verurteilt, mehrere andere bekamen Strafen bis zu 25 Jahren. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Dienstag, 31. Juli 2012 – 22:30 Uhr
ORF 2 Europe
Im Islamischen Gottesstaat Iran ist Homosexualität strengstens verpönt; wer bei sexuellen Handlungen mit einem gleichgeschlechtlichen Partner erwischt wird, muss mit der Todesstrafe rechnen. Homosexuelle Männer und Frauen sind also gezwungen, ihre Beziehungen strikt im Geheimen zu leben.
Seit jedoch im Jahr 1983 durch eine Fatwa, ein Rechtsgutachten, von Ayatollah Khomeini die der Geschlechtsumwandlung gestattet wurde, nützen viele Homosexuelle diese Möglichkeit. Sie unterziehen sich aufwändigen Operationen, um auf diese Weise ganz legal mit ihrem Wunschpartner zusammenzuleben. Die iranische Filmemacherin Tanaz Eshaghian begleitet einige iranische Männer und Frauen, die sich in einer Spezialklinik der Geschlechtsumwandlung unterzogen haben, und zeigt, wie sie mit ihrer neuen Identität zurechtkommen und mit welchen Problemen sie nun konfrontiert sind.
Petition gegen die Abschiebehaft irakischer Flüchtlinge in Schweden/Please sign the petition and spread!
The Iraqi parliament has now decided to not accept forced deportations from Europe to Iraq. Despite the plea form Iraq, Sweden ignores the agreements of return previously signed, which states that no expulsions may take place by force.
This notwithstanding the criticism from the UN, Amnesty International and the EU. Since 2009, Sweden has, as one of few
european countries, forcibly deported around 1690 Iraqis. Within the recent months, white buses with covered registration plates and company logos have been used for the mass deportations of iraqis. Unfortunately, the media hasnâEUR^(TM)t covered what has happened during a forced deportation. The only documentations existing of the mass deportations
are taken by the activists who have been on site towitness and protest.
Please sign the petition and spread!*
– immediately release the refugees imprisoned in the Migration
BoardâEUR^(TM)s detention centers.
– demand a new trial for the Iraqi asylum seekers so that they can
obtain a residence permit.
TEHRAN — Iran is a very urbanised society with a largely educated, young Muslim population that ranks as the Middle East’s second-biggest, its latest census figures, published on Sunday, show.
The snapshot, issued on the website of the presidency’s planning and strategic supervision department (www.amar.org.ir), also corrected some misconceptions about the country, notably by reporting fewer than expected Jews and Internet users.
The census, whose data was collected in 2011 and presented in resume last week by the department’s officials, gave Iran’s total population as 75.2 million, 99.4 percent of whom are Muslim.
That was larger than any other country in the region except for Egypt (81 million, according to the World Bank).
Iranians accounted for 73.5 million of the total, with 1.5 million Afghans making up the biggest minority living in the country. Other minorities included Iraqis (51,500), Pakistanis (17,700) and Turks (1,600).
An overwhelming proportion of the population — 71 percent — lived in urban areas, and Tehran and its satellite towns are home to 12.2 million inhabitants.
The literacy rate for those aged between 10 and 49 was 93 percent.
Most of the population is young, with 55 percent aged under 30.
The proportion of young Iranians use to be even higher, but a rapidly slowing birth rate — an average 1.29 children per couple, compared to 1.62 in the last census in 2006 — has resulted in a decrease in recent years.
The supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has recently sought to reverse a previous policy favouring birth control in a bid to boost the population to between 150 million and 200 million.
Even though Iran — a Shiite theocracy — is almost completely Muslim, other faiths are present.
There are 8,756 Jews in the country, according to the census. That was fewer than the 20,000 figure previously estimated.
There are also 117,704 Christians, the census said, as well as 25,271 Zoroastrians (adherents of a faith that dominated pre-Islamic Persia), and 49,101 listed as „other.“ A total 265,899 people did not give a religion.
Education is an important value in Iran, as seen by a big jump in the number of people pursuing higher studies at university or in religious institutions (10.5 million, up from 6.9 million in 2006).
Men and women are split almost equally 50-50 in this category, underlining the growing number of educated Iranian women.
Iran has the biggest group of Internet users in the Middle East — although the figure of 11.2 million declaring themselves connected was far smaller than the estimate of 36 million advanced by the telecommunications ministry.
Source: Radio Zamaneh
Morteza Bakhtiari, Iran’s Minister of Justice, has announced that the judiciary should expedite the case against Saeed Mortazavi, the former Tehran prosecutor implicated in the torture and murder of detainees at Kahrizak Prison in 2009.
Former Tehran Prosecutor, Saeed Mortazavi has been found responsible for the torture and death of election protesters at the infamous detention centre Kahrizak, according to the Parliamentary Committee report which investigated the post-election events.
An Iranian MP has announced that Iran may face a shortage in wheat for bakeries as a large part of this year’s harvest has been sold to livestock farmers.
Hamed Ghadermazi said: „Wheat farmers have been forced to sell their harvest to livestock farmers in order to make up for their expenses.“ Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
by HAMID NAFICY
When A Separation became the first Iranian film to win an Academy Award, more people gained awareness of the country’s rich film legacy. Hamid Naficy, a leading authority on Middle Eastern cinema, lists a selection of his favorite Iranian films.
The House is Black (1961), directed by Forugh Farrokhzad
This is a documentary about the lives of the lepers in the Babadaghi Leper Colony near Tabriz — one of the few films about disability in prerevolution Iran. This was not a typical institutional documentary, however, as it did not laud the services of its sponsor, the Society for Assistance to Lepers, and it did not use the official documentary style (except in a brief medical midsection). In fact, it set the tone and became the model for poetic realist documentaries and their vision of „radical humanism.“ The film begins with scenes of bitter irony in the classroom of the leper colony in which voice and image counterpoint each other to create a powerful third message. A boy whose fingertips have been eaten away by the merciless disease and another whose face and eyes are ravaged read out loud from a textbook: „Lord, I praise thee for having given me hands to work / Eyes to see the beauty of the world.“ In other scenes the lepers act like other people: they celebrate a wedding, put on make up, dance. This best poetic realist film by the foremost female poet of the last half of the 20th century, also manifested the parallel between writing poetry and film editing. A detailed examination of films she edited shows that she took a similarly careful approach to film editing as she did to composing poetry. Her written work is characterized by words that are highly evocative, atmospheric, emotional, sensorial, and corporeal. One of her coworkers at Golestan Film Workshop, Karim Emami, noted that many of her words „appertain to senses and the nervous system.“ Her words refer to the physicality of reality in the same way that each shot of a documentary — the type of film she made — indexes an external reality. In addition, her poetic realism stems from her working with each shot in her films as though it were a word in a poem, with great care and precision. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
by MUHAMMAD SAHIMI
Press Roundup provides a selected summary of news from the Farsi and Arabic press and excerpts where the source is in English.
Donilon sought to make clear that the United States is seriously preparing for the possibility that negotiations will reach a dead end and military action will become necessary. He said reports of such preparations were not just a way to assuage Israel’s concerns…. Donilon shared information on U.S. weaponry and military capabilities for dealing with Iran’s nuclear facilities, including those deep underground. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
by PAUL MUTTER
Iran touts deterrent capability as America devotes new assets to waterway.
Like the 150 MPs in the Majles who just voted for a bill to close the Strait of Hormuz and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps commander who dismissed U.S. aircraft carriers in the region as „scrap metal,“ aFlash graphic (see below) distributed by a Hezbollah website this week boldly proclaims Iran’s ability to fight a decisive battle in the Persian Gulf. The graphic’s images of Iranian missiles (which fly into the aircraft carrier in the animated version) contrast with what the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence judged in 2005: that „Iran can briefly close the Strait of Hormuz, relying on a layered strategy using predominately naval, air, and some ground forces,“ but that it would have neither the capacity to maintain an offensive against U.S. military assets in the Gulf nor to continue fighting for an extended period of time without assuming major economic and military losses. Indeed, the Iranian military is now downplaying the bombast, as the United States is making a new show of force in the region ahead of a large U.S.-Israeli defense exercise set for October. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags