Archiv für den Tag 14. Juni 2013
Von Raniah Salloum
Es waren Hunderttausende, die 2009 in Iran aus Protest gegen Wahlfälschungen auf die Straße gingen. Von dieser „Grünen Bewegung“ ist wenig geblieben. Viele engagierte Iraner wurden verhaftet, manche hingerichtet, Hunderte flüchteten ins Ausland. Besuch bei zwei Exilanten in Berlin.
Berlin – Wenn an diesem Freitag in Iran gewählt wird, sind Maryam Mirza und Kaveh Kermanshahi nicht dabei. Es werden für beide die ersten Präsidentschaftswahlen im Exil. Die 32-jährige Journalistin und der 28-jährige Menschenrechtler können nicht mehr zurück in ihre Heimat, seit sich dort im Zuge der umstrittenen Wahlen 2009 die Repressionen verschärft haben.
Beide sind keine Staatsfeinde oder Verschwörer, wie Teheran gesellschaftlich engagierte Iraner gern bezeichnet. Mirza und Kermanshahi haben bescheidene Hoffnungen. Sie setzen darauf, dass sich die Islamische Republik langsam von innen heraus zum Besseren wandelt. Bei den letzten Wahlen stimmten sie für den Reformer Mir Hossein Mussawi. „Wir waren viele, die für Mussawi gestimmt haben“, sagt Maryam Mirza. „Jetzt sind wir viele, die im Exil leben.“
In an interview with Al Jazeera, Hossein Mousavian, former nuclear negotiator in Iran, said he expects a shift in foreign policy, adding that the top candidates are aware of the need to improve relations within the region and towards the West.
Anne-Marie Tomchak (McNerney) takes you into the World’s Newsroom to meet the BBC’s special team covering Iran’s presidential election. There she speaks to Nassim Hatam, editor of the Iran Election Desk and Maryam Zohdi, Social Media Producer for BBC Persian.
Millions of Iranians are going to the polls this Friday to elect a new president. This is a critical moment for Iran, which is increasingly isolated from the West, dealing with rising unemployment and several international sanctions.
People have six candidates to choose from but women or anyone with a reformist agenda were banned from standing.Voting has begun in Iran to elect a new president as Mahmoud Ahmadinajad is replaced after serving his maximum eight years in charge.There are six candidates but Iran’s Guardian Council has restricted those who can stand, banning women or other candidates with an agenda considered to be reformist or liberal.
There are no political parties in the conventional sense – just a contest between candidates who profess absolute loyalty to the Supreme Leader the Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and others who are considered slighting more reformist but by no means moderate.On the campaign trail, Iran’s nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili is seen as one of the front-runners.He has positioned himself as the most hardline of the candidates but there is speculation he may be viewed by Iran’s Supreme Leader as too much of a wild card because of his implacable attitude to the west.
His election would signal a no-change president in Iran’s posture to the outside world. Another favourite is Mohammad Ghalibaf, the current mayor of the capital Tehran, who is a conservative with strong ties to the security forces.If there is such a thing as a moderate voice amongst the conservative candidates it is Hassan Rouhani, a British-educated cleric.On the streets of Tehran, people who might count themselves amongst the opposition have been gathering to support him, because in the absence of a more reformist figure he may get their vote.
But whoever wins will have a limited mandate on nuclear policy and relations with the West.In Iran it is the hard-line supreme leader who has the say, not the president.The supreme leader spectacularly fell out with Mr Ahmadinajad in spite of backing him in 2009 during elections which critics said were rigged and led to wide-spread protests.
Sky News spoke to a participant in the demonstrations dubbed the Green Revolution.
He did not want to be identified for fear of reprisals but told us he he was held for six months and tortured.He said: „I was like an empty person, an animal. I was like a piece of meat.“If there are demonstrations during this election – and I hope there will be – and people take to the streets in Tehran they must stay out day and night.And if people get killed, injured, arrested and tortured they must persist and stay out on the streets for the government to fall. They cannot go back to the roof tops and just shout slogans.“One of the biggest issues domestically is the economy, which is in its worst state for decades with high inflation, soaring unemployment and negative growth.The value of Iran’s currency, the rial, has more than halved in a year, after a collapse blamed on government mismanagement and sanctions against Iran’s energy and banking sectors imposed by the US and EU.
The fall of the rial has led to sharp cuts in imports and raised Iran’s inflation to its highest level in 18 years.
(Sky News Foreign Affairs Correspondent Lisa Holland was refused a visa to travel to Iran to cover the election. She compiled this report in London.)
Translate from: English
إيران يخرج إلى صناديق الاقتراع لانتخاب رئيس جديد
ایران را به پای صندوقهای رای برای انتخاب رئیس جمهور جدید
Irán lleva a las urnas para elegir nuevo presidente
Irã leva às urnas para eleger novo presidente
Iran porta alle urne per eleggere il nuovo presidente
Ιράν λαμβάνει στις κάλπες για να εκλέξει νέο πρόεδρο