Archiv für den Tag 14. Juli 2015

Intelligence Ministry Seeking “Maximum Punishment” for Prominent Human Rights Activist

Narges Mohammadi Awaits Trial in Prison

 The Intelligence Ministry has made a written request to impose the maximum punishment on human rights activist Narges Mohammadi, her husband Taghi Rahmani told the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran.

“Recently Ms. Mohammadi’s case file has included a letter from the Intelligence Ministry which recommends that the judge give her the maximum punishment. But this letter is against the law and undermines the independence of the Judiciary as well as the judge presiding over Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court,” Rahmani stated.

The latest charges against Mohammadi, who is the spokesperson for the now-banned Defenders of Human Rights Center, include “assembly and collusion against national security,” “propaganda against the state,” and “membership in the Step by Step to Stop Death Penalty” group, which is regarded as an illegal and anti-state group.

Since her controversial meeting with the European Union’s foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton in Tehran in March 2014, Mohammadi has received ten summonses and warnings and has been questioned by security authorities several times.

Taghi Rahmani told the Campaign that his wife’s trial was due to start on July 5 but for unknown reasons she was not transferred from Evin Prison and did not appear. The judge postponed the trial but no new date has been announced. Mohammadi’s trial was originally set for May 3 but her lawyer had requested more time to prepare.

Mohammadi wrote a letter from prison addressed to Tehran’s chief prosecutor. In the letter, published in Kalame.com on July 6, Mohammadi criticized the authorities for not allowing her to speak to her children on the phone.

“Is it against the country’s judicial regulations to let a mother or father hear her or his child’s voice for a few minutes, a couple of times a week? If not, why is this unfair practice going on? Does a mother’s contact with her child threaten national security? Or do you just want to further punish women who criticize?” the letter asked.

Mohammadi’s family have been told that her latest detention on May 5 is to enforce the six-year prison sentence imposed on her in 2012. At the time she was held in Zanjan Prison, but because of serious medical issues she was released on 600 million tomans (US $200,000) bail.

Two hundred and fifty human rights and women’s rights activists and journalists signed a statement on May 6, demanding the release of Narges Mohammadi.

Mohammadi’s husband has asked Iran’s Minister of Intelligence to help launch an investigation into her case, as well as the cases of other individuals prosecuted in the aftermath of the disputed 2009 presidential election and who are still in prison, such as Abdolfattah Soltani and Mohammad Seifzadeh.

Source: Inline image 1

EU+3 – Iran: complete documents

All documents between EU+3 and Iran:

EU+3 – Iran Abkommen – 14.07.2015

EU+3 – Iran Abkommen – 14.07.2015

Iran-deal-text (pdf)

Road-map for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear program

Road-map for the Clarification of Past and Present Outstanding Issues regarding Iran’s Nuclear Program:

1. On 14 July 2015, the Director General Yukiya Amano and the Vice-President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi signed in Vienna a “Road-map for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear program”. The IAEA and Iran agreed, in continuation of their cooperation under the Framework for Cooperation, to accelerate and strengthen their cooperation and dialogue aimed at the resolution, by the end of 2015, of all past and present outstanding issues that have not already been resolved by the IAEA and Iran.

2. The “Road-map for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear program” is herewith attached for the information of the Board of Governors.

Joint Statement

by the IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano and the Vice-President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi

IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano and the Vice-President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi agreed on 14 July 2015 the following

Road-map for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear program

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran) agree, in continuation of their cooperation under the Framework for Cooperation, to accelerate and strengthen their cooperation and dialogue aimed at the resolution, by the end of 2015, of all past and present outstanding issues that have not already been resolved by the IAEA and Iran.

In this context, Iran and the Agency agreed on the following:

1. The IAEA and Iran agreed on a separate arrangement that would allow them to address the remaining outstanding issues, as set out in the annex of the 2011 Director’s General report (GOV/2011/65). Activities undertaken and the outcomes achieved to date by Iran and the IAEA regarding some of the issues will be reflected in the process.

2. Iran will provide, by 15 August 2015, its explanations in writing and related documents to the IAEA, on issues contained in the separate arrangement mentioned in paragraph 1.

3. After receiving Iran’s written explanations and related documents, the IAEA will review this information by 15 September 2015, and will submit to Iran questions on any possible ambiguities regarding such information.

4. After the IAEA has submitted to Iran questions on any possible ambiguities regarding such information, technical-expert meetings, technical measures, as agreed in a separate arrangement, and discussions will be organized in Tehran to remove such ambiguities.

5. Iran and the IAEA agreed on another separate arrangement regarding the issue of Parchin.

6. All activities, as set out above, will be completed by 15 October 2015, aimed at resolving all past and present outstanding issues, as set out in the annex of the 2011 Director General’s report (GOV/2011/65).

7. The Director General will provide regular updates to the Board of Governors on the implementation of this Road-map.

8. By 15 December 2015, the Director General will provide, for action by the Board of Governors, the final assessment on the resolution of all past and present outstanding issues, as set out in the annex of the 2011 Director General’s report (GOV/2011/65). A wrap up technical meeting between Iran and the Agency will be organized before the issuance of the report.

9. Iran stated that it will present, in writing, its comprehensive assessment to the IAEA on the report by the Director General.

10. In accordance with the Framework for Cooperation, the Agency will continue to take into account Iran’s security concerns.

For the International Atomic Energy Agency:

(signed)

Yukiya Amano

Director General

For the Islamic Republic of Iran:

(signed)

Ali Akbar Salehi

Vice-President of the Islamic Republic of Iran

President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran

Place: Vienna

Date: 14 July 2015

IAEA Director General’s Statement and Road-map for the Clarification of Past & Present Outstanding Issues regarding Iran’s Nuclear Program

IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano and Vice President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Ali Akhbar Salehi signing a roadmap for the clarification of past and present issues regarding Iran’s nuclear program in Vienna. (Photo: D.Calma/IAEA)

IAEA Director General’s Statement:

“I have just signed the Road-map between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the IAEA for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear programme. “The text has been signed on behalf of Iran by the country’s Vice-President, and President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Mr Ali Akbar Salehi. “This is a significant step forward towards clarifying outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear programme.

“The Road-map sets out a process, under the November 2013 Framework for Cooperation, to enable the Agency, with the cooperation of Iran, to make an assessment of issues relating to possible military dimensions to Iran’s nuclear programme by the end of 2015.

“It sets out a clear sequence of activities over the coming months, including the provision by Iran of explanations regarding outstanding issues. It provides for technical expert meetings, technical measures and discussions, as well as a separate arrangement regarding the issue of Parchin.

“This should enable me to issue a report setting out the Agency’s final assessment of possible military dimensions to Iran’s nuclear programme, for the action of the IAEA Board of Governors, by 15 December 2015. “I will keep the Board regularly updated on the implementation of the Road-map.

“Implementation of this Road-map will provide an important opportunity to resolve the outstanding issues related to Iran’s nuclear programme.”

Road-map for the Clarification of Past and Present Outstanding Issues regarding Iran’s Nuclear Program:

1. On 14 July 2015, the Director General Yukiya Amano and the Vice-President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi signed in Vienna a “Road-map for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear program”. The IAEA and Iran agreed, in continuation of their cooperation under the Framework for Cooperation, to accelerate and strengthen their cooperation and dialogue aimed at the resolution, by the end of 2015, of all past and present outstanding issues that have not already been resolved by the IAEA and Iran.

2. The “Road-map for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear program” is herewith attached for the information of the Board of Governors.

Joint Statement

by the IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano and the Vice-President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi

IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano and the Vice-President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi agreed on 14 July 2015 the following

Road-map for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear program

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran) agree, in continuation of their cooperation under the Framework for Cooperation, to accelerate and strengthen their cooperation and dialogue aimed at the resolution, by the end of 2015, of all past and present outstanding issues that have not already been resolved by the IAEA and Iran.

In this context, Iran and the Agency agreed on the following:

1. The IAEA and Iran agreed on a separate arrangement that would allow them to address the remaining outstanding issues, as set out in the annex of the 2011 Director’s General report (GOV/2011/65). Activities undertaken and the outcomes achieved to date by Iran and the IAEA regarding some of the issues will be reflected in the process.

2. Iran will provide, by 15 August 2015, its explanations in writing and related documents to the IAEA, on issues contained in the separate arrangement mentioned in paragraph 1.

3. After receiving Iran’s written explanations and related documents, the IAEA will review this information by 15 September 2015, and will submit to Iran questions on any possible ambiguities regarding such information.

4. After the IAEA has submitted to Iran questions on any possible ambiguities regarding such information, technical-expert meetings, technical measures, as agreed in a separate arrangement, and discussions will be organized in Tehran to remove such ambiguities.

5. Iran and the IAEA agreed on another separate arrangement regarding the issue of Parchin.

6. All activities, as set out above, will be completed by 15 October 2015, aimed at resolving all past and present outstanding issues, as set out in the annex of the 2011 Director General’s report (GOV/2011/65).

7. The Director General will provide regular updates to the Board of Governors on the implementation of this Road-map.

8. By 15 December 2015, the Director General will provide, for action by the Board of Governors, the final assessment on the resolution of all past and present outstanding issues, as set out in the annex of the 2011 Director General’s report (GOV/2011/65). A wrap up technical meeting between Iran and the Agency will be organized before the issuance of the report.

9. Iran stated that it will present, in writing, its comprehensive assessment to the IAEA on the report by the Director General.

10. In accordance with the Framework for Cooperation, the Agency will continue to take into account Iran’s security concerns.

For the International Atomic Energy Agency:

(signed)

Yukiya Amano

Director General

For the Islamic Republic of Iran:

(signed)

Ali Akbar Salehi

Vice-President of the Islamic Republic of Iran

President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran

Place: Vienna

Date: 14 July 2015

ROG: Nach Atomverhandlungen muss Iran endlich inhaftierte Journalisten freilassen

Irans Präsident Hassan Rohani ©picture alliance/AP Photo

Reporter ohne Grenzen (ROG) fordert die internationale Gemeinschaft nach dem Abschluss der Atomverhandlungen dazu auf, von der iranischen Regierung klar und unmissverständlich die Freilassung aller inhaftierten Journalisten zu verlangen und die Achtung von Meinungs- und Pressefreiheit einzufordern. Dass sich der Iran bei internationalen Verhandlungen kompromissbereiter zeigt, darf nicht darüber hinwegtäuschen, dass die Verfolgung unabhängiger Journalisten und Blogger seit dem Amtsantritt von Staatspräsident Hassan Rohani im Jahr 2013 sogar noch zugenommen hat. Rund 100 Blogger und Onlineaktivisten wurden während der vergangenen zwei Jahre verhaftet und zu teils sehr langen Haftstrafen verurteilt. Dutzende Oppositionsmedien wurden von den Behörden geschlossen.

„Westliche Politiker sollten sich von den neuen Tönen, die die iranische Regierung in internationalen Verhandlungen anschlägt, nicht blenden lassen“, sagt ROG-Geschäftsführer Christian Mihr in Berlin. „Der Iran bleibt ein repressives Regime, das Meinungs- und Pressefreiheit verachtet und kritische Stimmen im Land gnadenlos verfolgt.“

Haltlose Anschuldigungen 

Im Iran sind derzeit 15 Journalisten sowie 26 Onlineaktivisten und Bürgerjournalisten inhaftiert. Unter ihnen ist auch der Washington-PostKorrespondent Jason Rezaian. Der 39-Jährige wurde im Juli 2014 gemeinsam mit seiner Frau Yeganeh Salehi in Teheran verhaftet. Salehi, die ebenfalls als Journalistin arbeitet, kam im Oktober 2014 gegen Kaution wieder frei. Rezaian sitzt im berüchtigten Evin-Gefängnis ein, er besitzt sowohl die iranische wie die US-amerikanische Staatsbürgerschaft. Wegen angeblicher Spionage und Zusammenarbeit mit feindlichen Regierungen wird ihm in Teheran derzeit der Prozess gemacht.

Lange Haftstrafen für Journalisten und Blogger

Gerichtsprozesse sind in der Regel politisch beeinflusst – sofern sie überhaupt stattfinden. Erst am 22. Juni trat eine neue Verordnung in Kraft, die die Rechte von Journalisten in juristischen Verfahren massiv beschränkt. Journalisten dürfen nun nach ihrer Verhaftung nicht länger einen eigenen Anwalt bestimmen, sondern müssen einen Kandidaten aus einer von den Behörden vorab genehmigten Liste auswählen.

Anwälte, die Journalisten vertreten, werden von den Behörden zudem behindert. Ihre Mandanten dürfen sie nicht persönlich treffen, auch wird ihnen der Einblick in die Gerichtsakten verwehrt. Zum Teil wissen sie nicht einmal, was man den Journalisten überhaupt vorwirft.

Nachdem er die Hand von Atena Ferghadni, einer inhaftierten Bloggerin geschüttelt hatte, wurde der Anwalt Mohammad Moghimi am 13. Juni wegen angeblich unmoralischen Verhaltens inhaftiert. Fünf Journalisten, die für die Nachrichtenagentur Iranian Labour News Agency (ILNA) arbeiteten, wurden am 21. Juli wegen angeblich kritischer Berichterstattung entlassen. In einem Facebook-Eintrag schrieb Esmail Mohammadvali, einer der Betroffenen, sie hätten gegen den Willen ihres Vorgesetzten über den Streik von Fabrikarbeitern in der Stadt Dorud geschrieben. Am 2. Juni wurde die Bloggerin Atena Ferghdani zu knapp 13 Jahren Gefängnishaft verurteilt. Sie hatte im Dezember 2014 in einem YouTube-Video über ihre Erfahrungen in dem berüchtigten Evin-Gefängnis berichtet, in dem sie im August 2014 vorübergehend eingesperrt war. Bei ihrer Festnahme im Januar 2015 warfen ihr die Behörden unter anderem regierungsfeindliche Propaganda vor. Am 31. Mai wurden die beiden Internetaktivisten Mahmud Moussavifar und Shayan AkbarPour verhaftet.

Auch Familienmitglieder von Journalisten werden schikaniert

Auch die Familienmitglieder kritischer Journalisten und Blogger werden bedroht und schikaniert. Am 8. Juli verurteilte ein Gericht in der iranischen Stadt Tabriz Seid Ahmad Ronaghi Maliki, den Vater des zuvor inhaftierten Bloggers Hossien Ronaghi Maliki zu vier Monaten Gefängnishaft. Die Richter warfen dem Mann vor, sich in Briefen an die Behörden und in Interviews gegenüber Journalisten über den Gesundheitszustand seines Sohnes geäußert zu haben. Seit Dezember 2010 inhaftiert, ist Hossien Ronaghi Maliki schwer erkrankt, nach mehreren Nierenoperationen schwebte er zeitweise sogar in Lebensgefahr. Gegen eine Kautionszahlung von umgerechnet rund 500.000 Euro kam Hossien Ronaghi Maliki am 18. Juni aufgrund seines Gesundheitszustands auf Bewährung frei. Die Behörden haben jedoch bereits angekündigt, dass er seine Haft bald wieder antreten müsse.

Ausgefeiltes System der Internetzensur 

Der Iran betreibt eines der ausgefeiltesten Systeme der Internetzensur und -überwachung, das in den vergangenen Jahren kontinuierlich verschärft wurde. Facebook, Twitter und YouTube sind offiziell blockiert. In Zeiten von Unruhen und Demonstrationen werden regelmäßig Internetseiten gesperrt oder der gesamte Internetverkehr – bei Bedarf auch das Mobilfunknetz – gedrosselt. Insgesamt sollen mehrere Millionen Webseiten blockiert sein. Als mittelfristiges Ziel propagiert die Regierung seit 2011 die Schaffung eines „halalen“, vollständig staatlich kontrollierten Internets. Ende 2011 wurde eine Liste von 25 „Internet-Verbrechen“ eingeführt, darunter etwa Aufruf zum Wahlboykott und Veröffentlichung von Oppositionslogos. Anfang 2012 wurden erstmals im Iran vier Internetaktivisten zum Tode verurteilt.

Zahlreiche Hilfsanfragen an Reporter ohne Grenzen

Das Nothilfereferat von Reporter ohne Grenzen hat seit 2010 mehr als 80 Hilfsanfragen iranischer Journalisten bearbeitet, davon 30 Bitten um Hilfe im Asylverfahren.

Reporter ohne Grenzen stuft Revolutionsführer Ayatollah Ali Khamenei als Feind der Pressefreiheit und die Islamische Republik als Feind des Internets ein.

Auf der Rangliste der Pressefreiheit steht der Iran auf Platz 173 von 180 Ländern.

Quelle: ROG

Iran: Jahresbericht zur Pressefreiheit im Jahr 2014

Committee to Protect Journalists

Iran

Jahresbericht zur Pressefreiheit im Jahr 2014 [ID 307447]

Dokument öffnen

Periodischer Bericht: Attacks on the Press, 2015 Edition – Iran – 10 Most Censored Countries

Iran: Bericht zum Iran (politische und rechtliche Entwicklungen; Oppositionsgruppen; Sicherheitskräfte; Menschenrechte; Rechtsstaatlichkeit; Staatsbürgerschaft)

07.2015Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation

Iran

Bericht zum Iran (politische und rechtliche Entwicklungen; Oppositionsgruppen; Sicherheitskräfte; Menschenrechte; Rechtsstaatlichkeit; Staatsbürgerschaft) [ID 307023]

Dokument öffnen

Spezieller Bericht oder Analyse: Iran: Political Opposition Groups, Security Forces, Selected Human Rights Issues, Rule of Law

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