Blog-Archive

fidh| Iran: Absence of human rights from the negotiating table is a political mistake

In light of the expected nuclear deal between the P5+1 and Iran, FIDH remains deeply troubled that the negotiations have failed to include any mention of human rights.

Iran: Absence of human rights from the negotiating table is a political mistake

This is despite numerous demands over the past year by the EU, FIDH and previous UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, among others, who have called on the international community to include human rights issues in all of its dealings with Iran.

Rapprochement between Iran and the West is in some respects a good thing, especially if it leads to an end to the sanctions. But the failure to include human rights in the negotiations is a missed opportunity and a political mistake that will have a palpable effect on the Iranian people, declared Karim Lahidji, FIDH President.

These nuclear negotiations and apparent political rapprochement with the West have resulted in Iran’s President Rouhani being hailed by some as a reformist. In reality, the human rights situation in Iran since Rouhani’s election in 2013 has not improved. Indeed, in an op-ed published in June 2014, FIDH’s President Karim Lahdiji denounced the lack of progress on human rights under Rouhani’s administration. In the year since, the human rights situation in Iran has only deteriorated, the repression of basic freedoms continues and grave human rights violations persist. Everyday, women as well as ethnic and religious minorities suffer from discrimination. Due process is still denied to prisoners, particularly prisoners of conscience. [1]

Of particular concern is the ongoing harassment, targeting, and arbitrary arrest of human rights defenders in Iran, including three FIDH members: Abdolfattah Soltani, Mohammad Seifzadeh, and Nargess Mohammadi.

To learn more about the experience of human rights defenders in Iran today, and how they have persevered, visit our #ForFreedom campaign website or read our recent profile of the Iranian human right lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh.

Source: fidh

Activist Appeals Six-Year Prison Sentence for Her Membership in Peaceful Political Group

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Civil and political activist Minoo Mortazi Langroudi has launched an appeal against the six-year prison sentence she received for her peaceful activism. Ms. Langroudi was convicted on charges of disturbing national security and propaganda against the state, based on her activities with a peaceful group that is critical of government policies.

“Ms. Langroudi’s activities have been within the law,” a source close to the family told the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. “All her life she has shown that she is not an extremist or a law breaker and now she expects the sentence against her will be quashed.”

Minoo Mortazi Langroudi is a member of the Council of Nationalist-Religious Activists, a political organization that advocates for political reform and greater democratization in Iran and which is banned by the Islamic Republic. She is also one of the founders of Mothers for Peace, a grassroots group formed to campaign against military action against Iran, and a board member of the Center to Defend Prisoners’ Rights, an informal civil society organization focused on obtaining due process and better conditions for political prisoners as well as their release, which is also banned in Iran.

Langroudi, who has been harassed and detained numerous times since the peaceful protests that followed the widely disputed 2009 presidential election in Iran, was put on trial in early May of this year at Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court presided by Judge Salavati. In addition to her six-year prison sentence, she was banned from political and civic activities for two years. Judge Salavati, notorious for his harsh sentences, is frequently handpicked by Intelligence and security agencies to preside over the cases of political dissidents.

A source close to Langroudi said she hopes the harsh sentence will be reduced or completely rejected by the appellate court.

“In recent years Ms. Langroudi has beensummoned to the Intelligence Ministry many times to answer questions,” the source told the Campaign, adding that the authorities used those conversations regarding her peaceful activities to build the case against her. “She does not accept any of the charges against her.”

Source: International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran

Iran| Women on the Front Line

From Sharia law to Women’s rights. How have women managed to fight back in the heart of a bitterly theocratic state? Who are these women? What are their stories? Women on the Front Line tries to answer these questions by talking to women’s rights activists who have been in the thick of struggle for gender equality in Iran. The film, the first of its kind, is the brainchild of Sheema Kalbasi, the Iranian poet and human rights activist. Written by Sheema Kalbasi and Hossein Fazeli and directed by Hossein Fazeli, the film combines on-camera interviews with theatrical segments to arrive at a subjective take on the struggle of women’s rights activists in Iran.

DW| IRAN: Protest gegen Stadionverbot für Frauen

Der iranische Volleyballverband hat Frauen den Zugang zum Länderspiel der iranischen Männermannschaft gegen die USA in Teheran offiziell verwehrt. DW-User aus dem Iran kommentieren die Entscheidung.

Protestaufruf im Netz gegen das Besuchverbot für Frauen im Iran

Der iranische Volleyballverband hat am Donnerstag (19.06.2015), einen Tag vor dem Länderspiel der iranischen Volleyballmannschaft der Männer gegen die USA in Teheran, mitgeteilt, dass keine Frau Zutritt zur Asadi-Sporthalle bekomme, auch nicht Journalistinnen und weibliche Angestellte der Sporthalle.

Eine Mitteilung, die in den sozialen Netzwerken empörte Reaktionen auslöste: Rohanis Regierung habe wieder einmal versagt, beschweren sich viele Iraner auf Twitter, Facebook und anderen Plattformen. Die Regierung habe das Feld den islamistischen Gruppen überlassen, kommentiert eine junge Frau auf der Facebook-Seite der Farsi-Redaktion der Deutschen Welle.

Tatsächlich hatte die islamistische iranische Gruppe Volkshisbollah in der Vorwoche gewarnt, dass sie den Besuch der Frauen bei dem Länderspiel verhindern wolle, gegebenenfalls auch mit Gewalt. Begründung: „Prostitution in Sportstätten“ müsse im Keim erstickt werden!

Thema Stadionverbot für Frauen (Foto: Fars)Netzthema Stadionverbot für Frauen

Sport und Politik

„Eure Anwesenheit in Sportstätten gefährdet den Islam!“ lautet ein Kommentar dazu, den ein User auf der DW-Farsi-Facebook-Seite gepostet hat; er diskutiert mit anderen Usern, wie die Frauen unterstützt werden können.

Eine Frau meint: „Die Volleyball-Weltliga sollte dem Iran die Heimspiele absprechen.“ Und ein junger Man schlägt vor: „Das nächste Spiel zwischen Iran und USA sollte in der Türkei oder in Dubai stattfinden.“

Für den Iran könnte das Festhalten an der frauenfeindlichen Vorschrift tatsächlich sportpolitische Konsequenzen haben. Im November 2014 hatte der Volleyball-Weltverband FIVB mitgeteilt, Iran die Austragung von Wettbewerben des Weltverbandes nicht zu gestatten, solange das Stadionverbot für Frauen in Kraft sei. Anlass war die Gefängnisstrafe für die Iranerin Ghoncheh Ghavami, die wegen einer Protestaktion gegen das Stadionverbot festgenommen worden war. Die jetzigen Spiele in Teheran waren von der Sanktionsankündigung allerdings nicht betroffen, sie bezog sich vor allem auf die Austragung von Juniorenmeisterschaften.

Iran Hardliners Proteste in Teheran

Einknicken vor Konservativen

Immerhin hatte die Regierung von Präsident Rohani hatte auf Druck der FIVB und des Weltfußballverbandes Fifa im April 2015 zugesagt, auch Frauen den Zugang zu Wettkämpfen von Männern zu ermöglichen. Noch Anfang Juni hatte Schahindocht Molaverdi, die für Frauen und Familie zuständigen Vizepräsidentin in der Regierung, erklärt, eine solche offizielle Genehmigung sei beschlossen worden.

Und noch eine Woche vor dem Länderspiel Iran – USA wurde mitgeteilt, dass bis zu 500 Karten exklusiv für Frauen reserviert seien. Die Karten waren aber von der ersten Sekunde des Ticketvorverkaufs im Internet an gesperrt.

Rohanis Frauenbeauftragte Molaverdi (Foto: Fars)Rohanis Frauenbeauftragte Molaverdi konnte sich nicht durchsetzen

Proteste auf Netz beschränkt

Viele User der DW-Farsi-Facebook-Seite forderten die Männer auf, aus Solidarität mit den Frauen das Spiel zu boykottieren. Dieser Vorschlag löste allerdings keine Begeisterung aus. Ein DW-User meinte: „Wenn wir nicht hingehen, organisieren sich die Volkshisbollah-Anhänger in der Sporthalle und verbrennen vielleicht sogar die amerikanische Flagge, was sie sonst auf der Straße tun.“

Ein andere ist der Meinung, dass Frauen sich organisieren müssten, um Freitagabend vor Asadi-Sporthalle zu protestieren. Eine junge Frau fragt darauf hin: „Hast du vergessen, dass wir nur in den sozialen Netzwerken mutig sind?“ Angesicht der erhöhten Sicherheitsmaßen rings um die Asadi-Sporthalle, und auch wegen des politisch aufgeladenen Hintergrunds des Spiels zwischen Iran und USA, sind viele User der Meinung, dass solchen Aktionen zum Scheitern verurteilt wären. Zumindest sollen Twitter-Kampagnen wie #letwomengotostadium oder ‪#FIVBWorldLeague kurz vor Anpfiff (19 Uhr MESZ) noch einmal verstärkt werden, um Öffentlichkeit herzustellen und auf Irans Regierung Druck ausüben.

Source: Deutsche Welle

Shaking Hands with Iran

  • According to the organization Iran Human Rights, the Iranian regime has executed a prisoner every two hours this month.
  • „So far in 2015, more than 560 have been executed, and we are just in the first half of the year… What we are witnessing today is not so much different from what ISIS is doing. The difference is that the Iranian authorities do it in a more controlled manner, and represent a country which is a full member of the international community with good diplomatic relations with the West.“ — Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, spokesman for Iran Human Rights.
  • Now the West, with the possibility of a nuclear deal, stands to increase Iran’s diplomatic standing.

As negotiations between the P5+1 countries and Iran continue, human rights concerns under the Iranian regime remain on the periphery.

The Obama Administration, over the objections of countless human rights organizations, has made clear that the United States is not seeking to alter the nature of the Iranian regime. Rather, the aim of the direct negotiations is solely to reach an agreeable compromise over the Iran’s continued nuclear enrichment. The current nominal deadline for negotiations is June 30.

The Islamic Republic of Iran is notoriously the world’s largest state sponsor of terrorism. Proxy organizations include Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas in the Gaza Strip and Houthi rebels in Yemen. The regime’s support of barbarism is reflected within Iran as well, as Iranian leaders support unspeakable human rights abuses on a daily basis.

With the deadline for negotiations only days away, June 2015 has been no exception.

According to a June 17 press release from the organization Iran Human Rights, which „supports the Iranian people’s struggle for human rights and amplifies their voices on the international stage,“ the Iranian regime has executed a prisoner every two hours this month:

„According to reports collected by IHR so far in June at least 206 people have been executed in different Iranian cities. 60 of the executions have been announced by the official sources while IHR has managed to confirm 146 other executions which have not been announced by the authorities.“

„So far in 2015 more than 560 people have been executed in the country and we are just in the first half of the year,“ Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, the spokesman of IHR, said in an interview. „This is unprecedented in the last 25 years! Unfortunately, people in Iran feel that the international community has closed its eyes on what they are going through.“

The executions are just the tip of the crane. As IHR reported Wednesday morning, Mohammed Moghimi, a defense lawyer for civil activist Atena Faraghadani, was scheduled to be released from prison on June 16, after three days in prison. What, exactly, was his crime?

„Mohammad Moghimi was charged with ’non-adultery illegitimate relations‘ for shaking hands with his female client,“ writes IHR. „He had gone to Evin Prison to meet Ms. Faraghadani and to prepare an appeal request for her 12-year prison sentence.“ According to IHR sources, the forbidden handshake „happened in the presence of two agents in the room. Atena apologized for this right there… but the agents didn’t let it go and took her back to her prison ward and arrested Mr. Moghimi right there.“

Moghimi release was released on condition that he meet a bail of roughly $60,000.

And why is Faraghadani in prison? For Facebook posts. A Revolutionary Court in Tehran sentenced her to 12 years and 9 months in prison for posts against the government, which constituted „assembly and collusion against national security,“ „propaganda against the state,“ and „insulting the Supreme Leader, the President, Members of the Parliament, and the IRGC [Revolutionary Guards] Ward 2-A agents, “ according to IHR.

„What we are witnessing in Iran today is not much different from what ISIS is doing,“ argues Amiry-Moghaddam. „The difference is that the Iranian authorities do it in a more controlled manner, and represent a country which is a full member of the international community with good diplomatic relations with the West.“

Now the West, with the possibility of a nuclear deal, stands to increase Iran’s diplomatic standing — and with not even a minimal regard for human rights.

While U.S. negotiators shake hands with Iranian diplomats during the next round of talks in Geneva, Iranian citizens cannot shake hands among themselves without fear of years of imprisonment. While officials, both from the West and from Iran, share updates on social media, Iranians at home face jail time for staking out the wrong position in Facebook posts.

Does Iran’s foreign minister risk going to jail? Iranian FM Javad Zarif (right) is apparently touching the arm of EU Foreign Affairs representative Federica Mogherini (second from right). Back in Tehran, the lawyer Mohammad Moghimi (inset top) was arrested and charged with „non-adultery illegitimate relations,“ for shaking hands with his female client, Atena Faraghadani (inset bottom). Faraghadani was sentenced to 12 years and 9 months in prison, for Facebook posts critical of the regime.

If the Iranian regime cannot trust its own citizens‘ handshakes, how can the West trust the Iranian regime with uranium centrifuges?

Daniel Mael is a fellow at the Gatestone Institute and the Salomon Center.

Source:Gatestone Institute

Frauen beim Volleyball im Iran ausgeschlossen

Im Streit um den Besuch von Frauen bei einem Weltliga-Spiel der iranischen Volleyball-Nationalmannschaft haben sich die Islamisten letztlich durchgesetzt.
  • Männer protestieren in Teheran gegen die Anwesenheit von Frauen bei einem Spiel der Volleyball-Nationalmannschaft. Foto: stringer

Den Frauen waren zunächst bis zu 500 Tickets exklusiv zugeteilt worden für die Partie der Männer am 19. Juni in der Asadi-Sporthalle in Teheran. Unter dem Vorwand, dass das Länderspiel gegen die USA ausverkauft sei, sagte der iranische Volleyballverband aber den Besuch der Frauen vorläufig ab.

Die islamistische Gruppe Volkshisbollah hatte in der Vorwoche gewarnt, dass sie den Besuch der Frauen bei dem Länderspiel verhindern wolle, gegebenenfalls auch mit Gewalt. Damit wolle sie «Prostitution in Sportstätten» im Keim ersticken.

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Three Concerts Cancelled by Police and Judiciary despite Protests by Rouhani

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In his latest reaction to consecutive cancellations by the Iranian Police and the Judiciary of music concerts, President Hassan Rouhani condemned the cancellations and said such actions violate the people’s rights.

At a press conference marking the second anniversary of Rouhani’s election to office, a reporter asked him about the widespread cancellation of concerts over the past year, and particularly those during the prior week.

“In the cultural domain, we believe cultural affairs should be relinquished to the people of culture, and the atmosphere must be facilitated so that consumers and producers of cultural works can meet. When a government organization has been delineated as the body to issue licenses, it is not appropriate for others to intervene…When, within the legal framework, a concert is issued a license and people buy tickets, such interventions not only violate the rights of the producers, but also violate the rights of the public,” Rouhani said.

“From our point of view, when a legal license is issued, revoking that license by an organization that does not have legal power to revoke it is a completely inappropriate act, and in cases where the Judiciary enters, there must be legal justification for such entry by the Judiciary,” the President emphasized.

The cancellation of a June 10 concert by the musician Homay and his ensemble, Mastan, followed on the heels of another cancellation of a concert by the Iranian Kamancheh master Kayhan Kalhor “on judicial orders.” No explanations were offered on which judicial official ordered the cancellation or the reasons for it. The Homay concert which was scheduled for five nights beginning on June 10, was cancelled a few hours before its first show at Tehran’s Milad Tower.

All of the cancelled concerts had received licenses from Iran’s Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance. Parvaz Homay had not had a concert in Iran in eight years, therefore tickets for his concert sold quickly and the concert was extended for several more nights. The producer for this concert sent text messages to ticket holders, informing them of the cancellation and telling them that their tickets would be refunded.

ISNA (the Iranian Students News Agency) announced on June 9, that Iranian composer Kayhan Kalhor’s Tehran concert with the American string quartet, Brooklyn Rider, scheduled for that day was cancelled after the Public Buildings Office of the Iranian Police refused to issue a permit for it. The Public Buildings Office is responsible for maintaining order and security for musical concerts. In this case, however, they stated the reason for the cancellation was “security considerations.”

In an interview with a music website, Kayhan Kalhor said that he would not hold any more concerts in Iran, in protest of the cancellation. “These concerts will not be rescheduled. So long as Iran’s culture and arts are hostages in the ransom-taking and power struggles of political factions and no clear guidelines are defined and enforced for such activities, I will refrain from doing anything in Iran,” he told the Moosighiye Ma website.

ISNA reported that Brooklyn Rider had been granted visas and their entire trip to Iran had been organized. The cancellation has caused a huge financial burden for the producers.

Pirouz Arjmand, Head of the Music Office of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, said after the Kalhor concert cancellation that, “Refusing licenses to foreign bands [that wish to perform in Iran] is contradictory to the state’s plans for cultural engagement with the world. The Police have to be accountable for this decision. We had received the proper approvals from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.” Mr. Arjmand also told Tasnim News Agency that this was not the first time concerts by foreign bands had faced problems in Iran, and that a proposed concert by the France-based Gypsy Kings group still awaits permission from the Public Building Office of the Iranian Police.

Reacting to the cancellation of Mr. Kalhor’s concert, Hossein Noushabadi, Spokesperson for the Culture Ministry, said onJune 10 that “The Police does not have the right to revoke any concert licenses.” The Ministry of Culture provides opinions about the contents of concerts. Other organizations evaluate the general conditions of the artist. But the Police Force’s role is security-related and it states opinions about the security of the venue for the concerts…We don’t know whether the Police has a problem with Mr. Kalhor personally, or with his concert venue! If their problem is Mr. Kalhor and his qualifications, this is not the Police’s responsibility. But if it has to do with the concert venue, they have to provide evidence to convince the Ministry of Culture that the venue is not suitable.”

Within an hour after these statements, however, the concerts for Homay and for the Payvar groups were cancelled without explanation. Mehr News Agency announced on June 10, that a concert by the Payvar ensemble with vocalist Vahid Taj had been cancelled again. This concert had previously been cancelled on April 30 and May 1, 2015, and rescheduled to June 11.

Cancellations of concerts featuring female vocalists and musicians have been particularly frequent  since Hassan Rouhani’s 2013 election.

Iran’s beloved Master of traditional Persian music, Mohammad Reza Shajarian, said at an international gathering in Tehran on May 5, 2015 that he was banned from performing in Iran. “I live in a country where I have not been allowed to sing for my own people for the past several years,” he said.

Source: International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran

Young Activist Sentenced to 12.5 Years in Prison for Facebook Posts

Atena Faraghdani

A Revolutionary Court in Tehran has sentenced artist and civil rights activist Atena Faraghdani to a total of 12.5 years in prison for drawings and content critical of the government that the young activist posted on her Facebook page.

Faraghdani’s lawyer, Mohammad Moghimi, stated in an interview with the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran that under Article 134 of Iran’s New Islamic Penal Code, the sentence should be reduced to 7.5 years imprisonment. This article stipulates that in the case of multiple charges, sentencing will be limited to the maximum punishment for the crime with the heaviest sentence.

Moghimi noted that the ruling issued by the judge stated that Article 134 should be “considered.” The lawyer added that a 7.5-year prison sentence was “the maximum punishment for the charge of ‘assembly and collusion against national security,’” one of the charges against her.

“The peaceful expression of dissent remains a red line in Iran,” said Hadi Ghaemi, Executive Director of the Campaign, “Cross it and you risk prison time.”

Ghaemi added that the authorities particularly fear social media networks, which have become hugely popular in Iran, especially among the young, and have clamped down especially hard on any content deemed even remotely critical of state policies expressed on them.

“The court ruling was served to her and myself today [June 1, 2015]. We have 20 days to appeal, and we hope this ruling will be overturned by the Appeals Court,” said Moghimi, Faraghdani’s lawyer.

The activist’s charges are “assembly and collusion against national security,” “propaganda against the state,” and “insulting the Supreme Leader, the President, Members of the Parliament, and the IRGC [Revolutionary Guards] Ward 2-A agents” who interrogated her.

Following five months inside Gharchak and Evin Prisons, Faraghdani was tried at Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court under Judge Salavati, a notorious judge who is consistently handpicked to preside over “national security” cases that security and intelligence organizations bring against political and civil activists, because of the harsh and maximum sentences he imposes. Salavati is the judge presiding over the trial of the Washington Post reporter Jason Rezaian.

Moghimi noted that one of the pieces of evidence used against his client was her sharing of a cartoon depicting members of the Iranian Parliament as animals on her Facebook page. Other evidence included Faraghdani’s critical writings on her Facebook page, and her visits with families of political prisoners and protesters who were killed at the Kharizak Police Detention Center in 2009, in the aftermath of the disputed presidential election.

“According to our laws, activities on social networks on the Internet are not recognized as crimes. In democratic countries, drawing cartoons to criticize those in power is an accepted practice. My client is an artist who expresses her thoughts through drawing cartoons, and she meant to criticize those in power,” Mohammad Moghimi told the Campaign.

“Additionally, Article 8 of the Iranian Constitution expresses that it is upon everyone to ‘prevent vice and promote virtue,’ and this is a two-way responsibility both the nation and the state have  vis-à-vis each other. Expressing criticism is also a part of freedom of opinion and expression,” Moghimi said.

Security agents arrested the painter and civil activist Atena Faraghdani on August 24, 2014, and transferred her to IRGC’s Ward 2-A inside Evin Prison. She was released on bail on November 2, 2014. She published a video of herself, in which she spoke about an incident of aggressive strip search by female prison guards inside a solitary cell at Evin Prison. She said in the video that she had been ordered to take off her clothes, which she had refused. The video was widely viewed and discussed on social networks.

After the video was published, she was summoned to Branch 15 of Tehran Revolutionary Court on January 10, 2015, arrested, and transferred to Gharchak Prison in Varamin, outside Tehran.

Atena Faraghdani embarked on a hunger strike to protest her transfer to the deplorable Gharchak Prison, where political prisoners are not separated from hardened criminals, in violation of the principle of the separation of prisoners.

After her health deteriorated severely and she was transferred to a hospital on February 26, 2015, judicial authorities ordered her transfer back to Evin Prison on March 2, where she has been ever since.

Source: International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran

A Culture of Intimidation: The Islamic Republic and the Press

This short documentary provides a brief account of restrictions on the freedom of the press in Iran, particularly focusing on the period between the reform era, which began with the election of President Mohammad Khatami in 1997, and the present. The chain murders of 1990s, the banning of Salam newspaper in 1999, and mass closures of reformist newspapers by Tehran Prosecutor Saeed Mortazavi are among topics discussed in this film. The documentary also examines restrictions on the press during the presidencies of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Hassan Rouhani, and explores how Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and the Iranian parliament have worked to cultivate a climate of fear in the domestic press in Iran. According to figures compiled by IHRDC, there are currently over fifty journalists and bloggers imprisoned in Iran.

Last month, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI), Javad Zarif, announced to the world that the IRI does not “jail people for their opinions”, adding that, “people who commit crimes…cannot hide behind being a journalist.” Weeks later, on Tuesday, May 26, the trial of Washington Post Tehran bureau chief Jason Rezaian commenced behind closed doors in Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran, a court known for issuing heavy sentences against political prisoners and prisoners of conscience with little to no supporting evidence. One of the charges against Rezaian, “disseminating propaganda against the state”, is presumably one of the crimes to which Zarif alluded. According to its definition in the IRI’s Islamic Penal Code, the charge can be applied against “[a]nyone who engages in any type of propaganda against the Islamic Republic of Iran or in support of opposition groups and associations.” This vaguely-defined charge has been employed in countless cases against journalists in recent years, yet neither Zarif nor any other official of the IRI has ever provided a coherent explanation of how its use does not infringe on the freedoms of expression and press.

TA| Und sie tun es trotzdem

Im Iran ist fast alles verboten, was Spass macht. Doch die Bürgerinnen und Bürger der islamischen Republik scheren sich meist wenig um die Restriktionen der religiösen Führer.

Der Chef des iranischen Coiffeurverbands wollte eigentlich nur die neuen Tarife bekanntgeben. Da es den Reportern aber zu langweilig wurde, fragten sie ihn nach den Vorschriften für westliche Haarschnitte. Da musste Mostafa Gowahi wieder brav antworten, dass dies natürlich absolut verboten sei. Coiffeuren, die «satanische Haarschnitte» schneiden, werde die Lizenz entzogen.

«Ach, der redet viel, wenn der Tag lang ist», sagt Hamid, Inhaber eines Coiffeurladens in Nordteheran. Der Kunde sagt, was er will, bezahlt dafür gutes Geld und bekommt, was er wünscht.

«Ich kann ja einem Teenager nicht einen Opa-Look aufdrängen», sagt er. Er sei ja schliesslich nicht der Vater, sondern nur der Coiffeur. Das Verbot gebe es ausserdem schon seit Jahren und werde genauso lange auch ignoriert.

Furcht vor Kulturinvasion

An Verboten mangelt es in der islamischen Republik nicht. Das System befürchtet seit über drei Jahrzehnten die «westliche Kulturinvasion». Die könnte die Gesellschaft in die Sittenlosigkeit treiben. Besonders die Jugendlichen sollen islamisch aufwachsen und ihre nationale und religiöse Identität durch westliche Kriterien nicht verlieren.

In der Zwischenzeit aber glauben nicht mal mehr einige Kleriker im Land an diese langjährige Paranoia. «Man kann doch deswegen die Jugendlichen nicht einsperren», sagt Präsident Hassan Rohani. Man könne im Zeitalter des Internets und der Satellitensender niemanden mehr kontrollieren. Daher sollte man ihnen einfach vertrauen.

Der Chef des iranischen Coiffeurverbands wollte eigentlich nur die neuen Tarife bekanntgeben. Da es den Reportern aber zu langweilig wurde, fragten sie ihn nach den Vorschriften für westliche Haarschnitte. Da musste Mostafa Gowahi wieder brav antworten, dass dies natürlich absolut verboten sei. Coiffeuren, die «satanische Haarschnitte» schneiden, werde die Lizenz entzogen.

«Ach, der redet viel, wenn der Tag lang ist», sagt Hamid, Inhaber eines Coiffeurladens in Nordteheran. Der Kunde sagt, was er will, bezahlt dafür gutes Geld und bekommt, was er wünscht.

«Ich kann ja einem Teenager nicht einen Opa-Look aufdrängen», sagt er. Er sei ja schliesslich nicht der Vater, sondern nur der Coiffeur. Das Verbot gebe es ausserdem schon seit Jahren und werde genauso lange auch ignoriert.

Furcht vor Kulturinvasion

An Verboten mangelt es in der islamischen Republik nicht. Das System befürchtet seit über drei Jahrzehnten die «westliche Kulturinvasion». Die könnte die Gesellschaft in die Sittenlosigkeit treiben. Besonders die Jugendlichen sollen islamisch aufwachsen und ihre nationale und religiöse Identität durch westliche Kriterien nicht verlieren.

In der Zwischenzeit aber glauben nicht mal mehr einige Kleriker im Land an diese langjährige Paranoia. «Man kann doch deswegen die Jugendlichen nicht einsperren», sagt Präsident Hassan Rohani. Man könne im Zeitalter des Internets und der Satellitensender niemanden mehr kontrollieren. Daher sollte man ihnen einfach vertrauen.

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