Das Übereinkommen zur Beseitigung jeder Form von Diskriminierung der Frau (Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW) war das erste rechtsverbindliche Instrument, das Frauen international umfassende Rechte gegen Diskriminierung gewährt. Insofern baut es auf dem allgemeinen Diskriminierungsverbot des Art. 2 I des Internationalen Paktes über bürgerliche und politische Rechte (IPbpR) auf und konkretisiert es. Seit seiner Annahme durch die Generalversammlung der VN am 18. Dezember 1979 (Res. 34/180) sind ihm 186 Staaten durch Ratifikation beigetreten (Stand: Juli 2011). Nicht beigetreten sind der Iran, Somalia, Sudan, kleinere Staaten aus dem Pazifik sowie die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland ist das Übereinkommen am 13. November 1985 in Kraft getreten (BGBl. 1985 II 1234); die ehemalige DDR ratifizierte es bereits am 9. Juli 1980. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
An Urgent Call to Action: End Stoning Now!
At the 57th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women, we call on States where stoning still exists in law and in practice to abide by their international human rights obligations, banning stoning through legislative measures and holding perpetrators accountable to law. This includes Iran and Mauritania, two Member States currently sitting on the UN Commission of the Status of Women.
We also call on all Member States of the United Nations to heed this urgent call and explicitly denounce the practice of executions by stoning as one of the most brutal forms of violence against women.
Stoning is a flagrant violation of human rights, and a most cruel form of torture intended to cause grievous pain before death. It is being meted out discriminately upon women, and is most often preceded by unfair judicial processes whereby those sentenced to execution suffer numerous other human, civil and political rights violations while in detention.
Women are disproportionately being sentenced to stoning, due to misogynist and discriminatory interpretations of religious laws and cultural mores which become the basis of social policies governing sexual relationships and the family. Women’s rights cannot be sacrificed to such interpretations, especially when women have the right to freely participate in and adhere to their own beliefs, yet are being silenced by violent actions against them. Such cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment cannot be tolerated, and the universality of human rights must be upheld.
Execution by stoning is still carried out in various parts of the world (either by State or non-state actors) as a punishment for ‘adultery’, homosexuality, and fornication.
Even though there is no direct reference to this form of punishment in the Quran, stoning is often claimed to be part of “Islamic Law”. There is absolutely no consensus amongst the global Muslim community over the validity of the practice as “Islamic Law”, and many clerics, scholars and Muslim-majority States have prohibited stoning, as a violation of human rights.
Execution by stoning is sanctioned by the penal codes of Iran and Mauritania – two member States currently sitting on the UN Commission on the Status of Women – as well as North Sudan, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. In some States, stoning is condoned through local or tribal and religious-based courts. This is currently the case in Aceh in Indonesia; in Kelantan and Terengganu in Malaysia, in 12 northern states of Nigeria, in Afghanistan, Mali, Iraqi Kurdistan and Somalia.
Stoning is a grave violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and of subsequent international human rights covenants, the foremost of which are the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the Convention Against Torture (CAT), the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).
States have the responsibility to act with due diligence to protect all citizens from such brutal, inhuman and degrading violence, and prevent its occurrence. Whether carried out by State or non-state actors, perpetrators must be held accountable and prosecuted.