Seit 2002 bestehen massive Fragen und Zweifel am Charakter des iranischen Nuklearprogramms. Die Internationale Atomenergie-Organisation (IAEO), der Sicherheitsrat der Vereinten Nationen und die E3+3-Staaten haben Iran wiederholt zu Kooperation und Transparenz aufgefordert. Deutschland wirbt für eine politische Lösung im Streit um das Nuklearprogramm.
Iran ist bislang den Auflagen des Sicherheitsrats der Vereinten Nationen (VN) und der Internationalen Atomenergie-Organisation (IAEO) nicht nachgekommen, sein Nuklearprogramm zu suspendieren und umfassend mit der IAEO zusammenzuarbeiten, um Fragen zur möglichen militärischen Dimension des Programms zu klären.
Deutschland bemüht sich weiterhin gemeinsam mit den USA, Russland, China, Frankreich und Großbritannien – die auch als „E3+3“ bezeichnet werden – um eine diplomatische Lösung im iranischen Atomkonflikt. Die im April 2012 wiederaufgenommenen E3+3-Gespräche sind trotz mehrerer Verhandlungsrunden bisher ohne Ergebnis geblieben. Die jüngste Gesprächsrunde fand am 05./06. April 2013 im kasachischen Almaty statt und blieb bislang ohne Ergebnis. Zuletzt kam am 23. September 2013 die EU Außenbeauftragte Ashton mit dem neuen iranischen Außenminister Zarif zusammen, um über das Nukleardossier zu sprechen.
Um Iran zu einer diplomatischen Lösung zu bewegen, haben sowohl die USA als auch die EU ihre Sanktionen gegenüber Iran erheblich verschärft, insbesondere in den Bereichen Finanzen, Handel, Energie und Transport. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
The new diplomatic initiative between Iran and the world’s six major powers has inspired cynical political cartoonists on all sides. But the sharpest cartoons have run in the Iranian and American press. They reflect longstanding suspicions between the two nations, which have not had relations for 34 years, about whether the talks in Geneva will produce a deal resolving the controversy over Iran’s nuclear program— and ensuring that Iran can have nuclear energy without a capability to produce a bomb. The following are a selection of cartoons reflecting the skepticism about each other’s true intentions.
From the Iranian Press
In Tehran, the failure of the second round of talks were widely blamed on France’s last minute stipulations.
From the American Press
Hanif Z. Kashani, a consultant for the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Middle East Program, contributed to this roundup.
Said Kamali, euronews: „On the eve of the presidential election in Iran, with municipal polls…
Said Kamali, euronews: „On the eve of the presidential election in Iran, with municipal polls planned at the same time, on 14 June, we’re speaking with Bernard Hourcade. We will talk about the aftermath of the highly controversial elections in 2009, which saw clashes in the streets between protesters and government forces… as well as today’s tough questions surrounding Tehran’s nuclear ambitions, and unprecedented international economic sanctions against Iran.
„You’re the head of France’s National Centre for Scientific Research, specialising in Iran, and you’re also a professor of Geography at the National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilisations, in Paris. What does a presidential election in Iran mean for you?“
Bernard Hourcade: „It’s often said that elections serve no useful purpose, and that they’re rigged, and it’s often true. But something special about Iran is that we never know the result they’ll bring – even though the institutional framework is fairly restricted. The political stakes and debate are important, and I think it’s an important event for the future of the country, though it’s not exactly comparable to elections in France, Belgium or Spain.“
euronews: „As you’re aware, 686 people of all sorts registered to run for the presidential office; that was open to the public. The rules say it’s enough simply to show your birth certificate, copy of your ID, 12 ID-type photos, and be age 18 or over. Does that make sense to you? Why hold the door open to the public like that?“
Hourcade: „Part of it’s propaganda. The government and the constitution allow all citizens to be candidates, and that’s a very good thing. But also: the people really want to take part. Since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Iranians have participated in political life. There are crackdowns sometimes, but they take part. There’s undeniably a political dynamic. Iran has political debate, and so this time there are 636 candidates; in 2001 there were 1,075 I think. Often there are three, four or five hundred. The main problem is that then the Constitutional Guardians Council goes in and chooses the candidates, ruling out 99 percent of those who registered, and keeping just, say, ten of them, maximum. The criteria are obviously quite variable.“
euronews: „After what happened in 2009, what marks this election apart? Obviously, there were the 2009 riots, then four years of heavy economic sanctions against the country, and the constant nuclear question. So, how is this election different, compared with others?“
Hourcade: „They’re about maturity. For the past 34 years, every day we’ve said ‚the Islamic Republic is about to collapse!‘ Well, it’s still there. It’s the most stable government system in the Middle East. We see that especially after the Arab Spring. It’s a country that can move forward. We always talk about the Supreme Leader getting his own way; it’s more complicated than that. There are checks on power in Iran. The current reformer who is talked about… the symbolic Green Movement in 2009 wasn’t a movement; it was a very strong dynamic in society, but it wasn’t organised; there is no Green political party or institution. And so Iranians who demonstrated against Ahmadinejad in 2009 found themselves all alone, getting beaten, or imprisoned or shot.“
euronews: „Among the key issues for the country – the regime, actually – is, evidently, the nuclear question. Said Jalili, the chief nuclear negotiator, is himself a candidate for the presidency. He said recently that whoever the future president is, Iran’s policy won’t change, and its enrichment of uranium will not be broken off. What are your expectations for the regime’s nuclear policy?“