IMMER MEHR ÖFFENTLICHE VOLLSTRECKUNGEN
Irans Blogger kritisieren Schau-Exekutionen
Die öffentliche Hinrichtung zweier Männer löste Diskussionen in Irans Blogosphäre aus. Kritisiert wurde die Vollstreckung in Teherans Künstlerpark, aber auch der Voyeurismus von Teilen der iranischen Gesellschaft. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
There are numerous ways and alternatives to draw a real picture of a country and to demonstrate its real state, but one of the most effective ones is to show its people’s daily life, not just via the news lines or news websites but by observing the lives, difficulties, problems, efforts, smiles and joy, and cries and pains of its ordinary people from all walks of life. Iran is no exception here. The process becomes more exciting when the foreign tourists register the real events of a society with their camera and we can see them through their eyes.
Sanji & Fiona Gunasekara believe: “There is a woeful misperception about Iran in many Western countries including New Zealand. We believe that one way to counter these myths is by sharing travel experiences of visitors that have actually experienced Iran for themselves.”
JFI at the UN session examining Islamic Republic policies on sex change, women, Afghans and Ahwazi Arabs
After a twenty-year delay on the part of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the 50th session of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Geneva was able to examine reports on serious human rights violations by the Islamic Republic, including those concerning enforced sex change operations and the creation of Afghan-free zone.
To contribute to this significant event, Justice for Iran (JFI) representatives submitted numerous briefingsand attended the session to present details pertaining to systemic human rights violations against women, Afghan immigrants and the Ahwazi Arab community and members of the lesbian,gay and transgender communities in conjunction with Iranian Lesbian and Transgender Network (6Rang). Furthermore, through repeated efforts JFI drew attention to discriminatory measures imposed by the State through unequal inheritance and work rights based on gender, quota system against women in higher education, forced marriage and sexual abuse of the girl children, marital rape, among others. The Islamic Republic delegation composed of experts in health and hygiene, employment, social services, and the environment, lead by Khosrow Hakimi, Advisor to the Head of the Judiciary and Deputy Secretary of the High Council for Human Rights, were presented with questions and concerns raised by JFI among other NGOs.
All of the 17-member delegation failed to provide satisfactory responses to the dedicated Committee session held on Wednesday 1 May 2013. JFI was one of two NGOs present at the session. “This is the first of many efforts by JFI to not just work with the office of the UN Special Raporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran, but through a wide range of channels and bodies of the United Nations to shift the dialogue on Iran to one that is human rights-centric rather than one that is focused on the nuclear issue”, said Shadi Sadr, the Executive Director of JFI “it is our hope that the results of this session will influence Islamic Republic state policies involving women, LGBT community, Afghan immigrants and the Ahwazi Arabs in accordance with international laws and standards.”
As part of this process the Committee will record all concerns raised in its concluding remarks, all of which the Islamic Republic is responsible to implement and report on in its next review.
Justice For Iran’ was established in July 2010 with the aim of addressing the crime and impunity prevalent among Iranian state officials and their use of systematic sexual abuse of women as a method of torture in order to extract confession. It uses methods such as documentation of human rights violations, and research about authority figures who play a role in serious and widespread violation of human rights in Iran; as well as use of judicial, political and international mechanisms in place, to execute justice, remove impunity and bring about accountability to the actors and agents of human rights violations in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
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Era of the digital mercenaries
“My computer was arrested before I was.” This perceptive comment was made by a Syrian activist who had been arrested and tortured by the Assad regime. Caught by means of online surveillance, Karim Taymour told a Bloomberg journalist that, during interrogation, he was shown a stack of hundreds of pages of printouts of his Skype chats and files downloaded remotely from his computer hard drive. His torturers clearly knew as much as if they had been with him in his room, or more precisely, in his computer.
Online surveillance is a growing danger for journalists, bloggers, citizen-journalists and human rights defenders. The Spyfiles that WikiLeaks released in 2012 showed the extent of the surveillance market, its worth (more than 5 billion dollars) and the sophistication of its products.
Traditional surveillance has not completely disappeared. Policemen continue to lurk near Internet cafés in Eritrea. Vietnamese dissidents are followed and sometimes attacked by plainclothes policemen. The Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia and his wife Zeng Jinyang have had policemen stationed at the foot of their apartment building for months. Intelligence agencies still find it useful to tap the phones of over-curious journalists. But online surveillance has expanded the range of possibilities for governments.
This year’s “Enemies of the Internet” report is focusing on surveillance – all the monitoring and spying that is carried out in order to control dissidents and prevent the dissemination of sensitive information, activities designed to shore up governments and head off potential destabilization. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
An Urgent Call to Action: End Stoning Now!
At the 57th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women, we call on States where stoning still exists in law and in practice to abide by their international human rights obligations, banning stoning through legislative measures and holding perpetrators accountable to law. This includes Iran and Mauritania, two Member States currently sitting on the UN Commission of the Status of Women.
We also call on all Member States of the United Nations to heed this urgent call and explicitly denounce the practice of executions by stoning as one of the most brutal forms of violence against women.
Stoning is a flagrant violation of human rights, and a most cruel form of torture intended to cause grievous pain before death. It is being meted out discriminately upon women, and is most often preceded by unfair judicial processes whereby those sentenced to execution suffer numerous other human, civil and political rights violations while in detention.
Women are disproportionately being sentenced to stoning, due to misogynist and discriminatory interpretations of religious laws and cultural mores which become the basis of social policies governing sexual relationships and the family. Women’s rights cannot be sacrificed to such interpretations, especially when women have the right to freely participate in and adhere to their own beliefs, yet are being silenced by violent actions against them. Such cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment cannot be tolerated, and the universality of human rights must be upheld.
Execution by stoning is still carried out in various parts of the world (either by State or non-state actors) as a punishment for ‘adultery’, homosexuality, and fornication.
Even though there is no direct reference to this form of punishment in the Quran, stoning is often claimed to be part of “Islamic Law”. There is absolutely no consensus amongst the global Muslim community over the validity of the practice as “Islamic Law”, and many clerics, scholars and Muslim-majority States have prohibited stoning, as a violation of human rights.
Execution by stoning is sanctioned by the penal codes of Iran and Mauritania – two member States currently sitting on the UN Commission on the Status of Women – as well as North Sudan, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. In some States, stoning is condoned through local or tribal and religious-based courts. This is currently the case in Aceh in Indonesia; in Kelantan and Terengganu in Malaysia, in 12 northern states of Nigeria, in Afghanistan, Mali, Iraqi Kurdistan and Somalia.
Stoning is a grave violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and of subsequent international human rights covenants, the foremost of which are the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the Convention Against Torture (CAT), the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).
States have the responsibility to act with due diligence to protect all citizens from such brutal, inhuman and degrading violence, and prevent its occurrence. Whether carried out by State or non-state actors, perpetrators must be held accountable and prosecuted.