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Human Rights Watch|Witness: Iran, Where Your Shoes Can Get You Deported

 

  • Afghans cross the border from Iran back into Afghanistan near Islam Qala, Afghanistan, in April 2013.© 2013 Mikhail Galustov for Human Rights Watch
Sitting by the border talking about their next steps, the family looked shell-shocked. It was also obvious that the girls had no idea how much harder their lives would be in Afghanistan, where the expectations of women – and women’s ability to exercise their rights – is so different from in Iran.

In the end, the family was deported to Afghanistan over pink sneakers and platform sandals.

Zohrah, 17, and her sister Hasina, 15, sounded furious, in a teenager kind of way, when they talked about their arrest and how it led them, their father, and Zohrah’s boyfriend to a dusty reception center on the Afghan side of the Iran-Afghanistan border.

They were waiting for a bus to drive them across the arid land further into Afghanistan, a country neither girl had ever seen  – Hasina was born in Iran, and their parents had settled in Iran when Zohrah was still an infant. But because their parents were Afghans, none of the family had Iranian citizenship. Dozens of other Afghans sat with them in the hangers of the reception center. Like Zohran and Hasina’s family, a number of them had papers showing they lived in Iran legally, but this didn’t stop Iranian officials from deporting them.

The girls had been arrested only three or four days earlier – that’s how long the entire deportation process took. They had traveled about 35 kilometers from their home to make a religious pilgrimage to Qom, a holy city for Shia Muslims. Zohrah wore high-heeled platform sandals, while Hasina wore pink sneakers. In Qom, a police officer stopped them, offended that they chose to wear bright shoes when visiting a holy city. He also criticized them for wearing makeup. The girls argued with the police officer, and he arrested them on charges of not sufficiently complying with Iran’s strict Islamic dress code for women. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Iran: Sufi Activists Convicted in Unfair Trials

Iran’s judiciary should abandon charges and quash the verdicts against 11 members of a Sufi sect convicted in unfair trials and informed of their sentences in July 2013. Those in detention should be freed immediately and unconditionally.

The evidence suggests that all 11 were prosecuted and convicted solely because of their peaceful activities on behalf of the largest Sufi order in Iran or in connection with their contributions to a news website dedicated to uncovering rights abuses against members of the order.

„The Sufi trials bore all the hallmarks of a classic witch hunt,“ said Tamara Alrifai, Middle East advocacy director at Human Rights Watch. „It seems that authorities targeted these members of one of Iran’s most vulnerable minorities because they tried to give voice to the defense of Sufi rights.“ Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Iran: Opposition Figure’s Health Raises Red Flags |Human Rights Watch

The hospitalization of a detained opposition figure and the death of an imprisoned labor rights activist highlight the problems that prisoners in Iran face in accessing adequate medical care and regular visits, Human Rights Watch said today. On July 2, 2013, security forces took Mir Hossein Mousavi, a 2009 presidential candidate, from house arrest to a Tehran hospital, where doctors treated him for complications related to his blood pressure. Security forces have prevented Mousavi from receiving the regular medical checks doctors had recommended for a serious heart ailment.

Mousavi’s transfer to a hospital came less than two weeks after the sudden death of a 42-year-old trade union activist, Afshin Osanlou, who was serving a five-year sentence at a prison near Tehran. Authorities say he died from a heart attack. Families and associates of other detainees serving time on politically motivated charges have said that authorities have denied them access to medical care or regular family visits, deepening their isolation and increasing fears for their safety and well-being.

„Afshin Osanlou’s untimely death and Mousavi’s hospitalization both underscore the precarious conditions for ailing prisoners in Iran, especially people being held incommunicado,“ said Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. „Whatever the precise cause of Osanlou’s death, the shroud of secrecy and the abuses to which Iran’s political prisoners are regularly exposed shows the urgent need for far-reaching prison reform.“ Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Iran: Proposed Penal Code Retains Stoning

Source: Human Rights Watch

Law Permits Execution of Child Offenders, Other Abusive Practices

(Beirut) – Iran’s judiciary should not implement provisions of the new penal code that violate basic rights, including execution by stoning. The Guardian Council, composed of 12 religious jurists, reinserted the stoning provision into a previous version of the draft law which had omitted stoning to death as the explicit penalty for adultery.

No official statistics are available, but human rights groups estimate thatthe Iranian authorities currently hold at least 10 women and men who face possible execution by stoning on adultery charges. At least 70 people have been executed by stoning in Iran since 1980. The last known execution by stoning was in 2009.

“Stoning to death is an abhorrent punishment that has no place in any country’s penal code,” saidSarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “By insisting on keeping stoning in the penal code, Iranian authorities are providing proof positive that they preside over a criminal justice system based on fear, torture and injustice.”

Iran’s semi-official Mehr News Agency reported on April 27, 2013, that the Guardian Council had finished reviewing and making changes to the draft penal code and that the law would soon be implemented. The Guardian Council is an unelected body empowered to vet all legislation to ensure its compatibility with Iran’s constitution and Sharia, or Islamic law. It had approved an earlier version of the draft penal code but then withdrew its approval in late 2012 to amend it further before implementation. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Jahresbericht zur Menschenrechtssituation im Jahr 2012 [ID 237038]

31.01.2013 – Human Rights Watch  Quellenbeschreibung anzeigen

Iran

Jahresbericht zur Menschenrechtssituation im Jahr 2012 [ID 237038]

Dokument öffnen Periodischer Bericht: World Report 2013 – Iran

 

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH (HRW)

Leitbild/Mandat:
„Human Rights Watch setzt sich für Opfer und Menschenrechtsaktivisten ein, um Diskriminierungen zu verhindern, politische Freiheiten aufrecht zu erhalten, Menschen in Zeiten des Krieges zu schützen und Menschenrechtsverbrecher vor Gericht zu stellen.
Wir untersuchen Menschenrechtsverletzungen, veröffentlichen die Ergebnisse und ziehen die Täter zur Verantwortung.
Wir fordern Regierungen und Machthaber zur sofortigen Beendigung von Menschrechtsverletzungen und zur Beachtung von internationalen Menschenrechten auf. Zur Verwirklichung der Menschenrechte, wenden wir uns an die Öffentlichkeit und die internationale Staatengemeinschaft.“ (HRW-Website,http://www.hrw.org/german/about/, Zugriff am 9. Juni 2008)
HRW ist eine internationale Nichtregierungsorganisation mit Sitz in New York, die Menschenrechtsverletzungen untersucht. HRW „wurde 1978 unter dem Namen Helsinki Watch gegründet, um die Einhaltung der Menschenrechtsbestimmungen des historischen KSZE-Abkommens von Helsinki in den Ostblock-Ländern zu überwachen. In den achtziger Jahren wurde ‚Americas Watch’ ins Leben gerufen, um zu zeigen, dass die Menschenrechtsverletzungen der Verbündeten der USA in Zentralamerika genauso zu verachten waren, wie die Verbrechen in anderen Ländern. Nachdem die Organisation ihre Tätigkeiten immer mehr ausweitete, schlossen sich im Jahre 1988 sämtliche ‚Watch Komitees’ zu Human Rights Watch zusammen.“ Derzeit arbeiten über 240 „Anwälte, Journalisten, Akademiker und Länderexperten“ für HRW (HRW-Website,http://www.hrw.org/german/about/werwirsind.htm; HRW-Website,http://www.hrw.org/about/whoweare.html; Zugriff am 9. Juni 2008).
Zielgruppe:
Regierungen und nicht-Staatliche Akteure in den jeweiligen Ländern; zwischenstaatliche Organisationen (wie die Vereinten Nationen, die EU); ausländische Regierungen (insbesondere die Regierung der USA); lokale und internationale Medien; Einzelpersonen; wissenschaftliche Gemeinschaft; Bibliotheken (HRW-Website, http://hrw.org/research/aboutpub.htm, Zugriff am 9. Juni 2008).
Ziele:
„HRW ist eine Advocacy-Organisation, die versucht, die Politik von und gegenüber Regierungen und internationalen Organisationen zu beeinflussen, um Menschenrechtsverletzungen Einhalt zu gebieten. Mittel sind Information über die Situation der Menschenrechte ebenso wie Empfehlungen für Maßnahmen zur Beendigung von Menschenrechtsverletzungen.“ (ACCORD: Recherche von Herkunftsländerinformationen – Ein Trainingshandbuch, April 2004 (Update April 2006), Annex, S. 9, http://www.coi-training.net/content/doc/de-COI-Handbuch-Part-I-plus-Annex20060428.pdf, Zugriff am 9. Juni 2008)
“Die wesentliche Strategie von Human Rights Watch ist es, die Täter bloßzustellen, indem Presseaufmerksamkeit erzeugt wird und diplomatischer sowie wirtschaftlicher Druck von einflussreichen Regierungen und Institutionen ausgeübt wird.“ (HRW-Website,  Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
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