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BAMF| Lexikon des Dialogs

Grundbegriffe aus Christentum und Islam klar und ansprechend erklärt

Was verstehen muslimische Theologen unter Begriffen wie Auferstehung und Jenseits, Toleranz oder Heilige Stätten? Was ist die die Methode des Analogieschlusses (qiyas) und warum ist sie für die islamische Rechtsprechung so wichtig?

Zwei Bände des "Lexikon des Dialogs - Grundbegriffe aus Christentum und Islam".

Mit Unterstützung des Bundesamts für Migration und Flüchtlinge wurde das neue „Lexikon des Dialogs – Grundbegriffe aus Christentum und Islam“ erstellt. Das Nachschlagewerk wurde im Auftrag der Eugen-Biser-Stiftung und der Islamisch-Theologischen Fakultät der Universität Ankara erstellt, um Begriffe zum einen mit theologischer Fachexpertise und zum anderen aus einer authentischen Innenansicht der jeweiligen Religionen zu beantworten.

Den Herausgebern und Autoren ist es gelungen die Artikel überschaubar und zugleich umfassend zu halten. Das Lexikon zeichnet sich vor allem dadurch aus, dass die Widergabe der jeweiligen Positionen differenziert erfolgt. Durch den leichtverständlichen Schreibstil ist es den Autoren gelungen ein Lexikon zu erstellen, das für Laien wie für den Spezialisten gleichermaßen ansprechend ist.

Der Präsident des Bundesamtes, Dr. Manfred Schmidt, und Dr. Heiner Köster vom Stiftungsrat der Eugen-Biser-Stiftung präsentieren das "Lexikon des Dialogs". Der Präsident des Bundesamtes, Dr. Manfred Schmidt (links), und Dr. Heiner Köster (rechts) vom Stiftungsrat der Eugen-Biser-Stiftung präsentieren das „Lexikon des Dialogs“.

Da alle Artikel sowohl in deutscher, als auch auf türkischer Sprache vorliegen, können diese von beiden Dialogpartnern gleichermaßen verwendet werden, als reichhaltige Informationsquelle und als Basis für einen Gesprächsaustausch über die Inhalte dieser Religionen.

Bei einer Begegnung in den Räumen des Bundesamts für Migration und Flüchtlinge übergab Dr. Heiner Köster vom Stiftungsrat der Eugen-Biser-Stiftung ein Exemplar des zweibändigen Werkes an den Präsidenten Dr. Manfred Schmidt.

Links

 

Spiegel| Rekordschwimmerin in Iran: Gegen die Strömung und das Regime

20 Kilometer im offenen Meer, in einem kiloschweren Ganzkörpergewand. Die Leistung von Elham Asghari ist beachtlich, doch die prüden Islamwächter in Iran wollen sie nicht anerkennen. Jetzt kämpft die junge Frau im Netz für ihre Rechte.

Teheran – „Manchmal fühle ich mich, als wäre ich ein Amphibium. Ich verbringe mindestens so viel Zeit im Wasser wie an Land.“ Diesen Satz hat Elham Asghari dem „Guardian“ gesagt. Die junge Frau liebt das Schwimmen, so viel ist klar. Doch mit dem einfachen Bahnenziehen im Pool ist es für sie nicht getan. Die 32-Jährige zieht es aufs offene Meer, sie jagt Freiwasserrekorde. Ihr Problem: Asghari ist Iranerin und hat seit vergangenem Monat reichlich Ärger mit dem Regime in Teheran.

Am 11. Juni steigt Asghari am Strand von Nowshahr ins Kaspische Meer. Dabei trägt sie nicht etwa nur einen Badeanzug oder gar Bikini. Sie kennt die strengen Regeln ihres Landes genau und hat sich entsprechend gekleidet. Die sogenannte Hidschab verhüllt ihren Körper nahezu komplett. Asghari hat das Gewand für ihren Sport angepasst. Dass es sich trotzdem binnen Sekunden vollsaugt und bis zu drei Kilo Extragewicht bedeutet, hat sie einkalkuliert.

Vollständiger Artikel

 

Rouhani College Thesis: Islam Flexible

 

      As a graduate student in Scotland, President-elect Hassan Rouhani wrote about two deeply debated issues: the flexibility of Islamic law and the separation of powers in an Islamic democracy. His work in the mid-1990s echoes many of the reformist ideas at the time.
Glasgow Caledonian University released abstracts from his master’s and doctoral degrees shortly after his election in response to new public interest. Rouhani attended the Scottish university under his birth-name Hassan Feridon. Rouhani, which means “spiritual,” was added after he became a cleric. The following are abstracts with links.   Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

IRI authorities responsible for human rights and sexual abuse of women among presidential candidates

50x70 feet print

In anticipation of the June 14 presidential election Justice for Iran (JFI) held an international symposium to mark the completion of a project documenting more than three decades of cases involving sexual torture of women. The symposium held in London on Saturday 8 June entitled “When Sleeping Women Wake, Mountains Move“, featured talks by prominent human rights advocates and victims of genocide, mass murder, rape and sexual torture in Rwanda, the Sudan and Iran. In this light, JFI presented its policy brief “Raped out of Paradise: Women in Prisons of the Islamic Republic of Iran” based on its two-volume report “Crime and Impunity: Sexual Torture of Women in Islamic Republic Prisons” detailing torture and sexual violence against women in Iran since 1979.

Keynote speaker, Dr. Ahmed Shaheed, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran, provided statistics on the violation of women’s rights, including the widespread use of mental and sexual torture, and noted the absence of Iranian women in the top echelons of the national political system, including the presidential election. He discussed abuse, especially against women’s rights activists, by referring to the existence of harassment, arrest, torture, and ban from foreign travel. Furthermore, Dr. Shaheed noted the importance of JFI’s efforts in documenting the abuses against women in Iran with the aim of including such information in future truth commissions or tribunals. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Justice for Iran Goes Online with Documentary on Sexual Torture in the Islamic Republic

In anticipation of 26 June, the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, JFI is announcing the on-line release of its documentary Final MomentsIn this groundbreaking production victims and witnesses recall experiences involving rape of virgin girls prior to execution and sexual torture at the hands of Islamic Republic prison authorities since 1979.

The film was premiered at JFI’s recent international symposium on 8 June in London, United Kingdom, marking the completion of its two-year-long research project on the issue of sexual torture over the past 34 years in Islamic Republic prisons. During the symposium JFI focussed on its bipartite in-depth report, Crimes and Impunity, highlighting the illegal nature of state policies that have left thousands of victims without legal recourse to physical or emotional rehabilitation and compensation. “The Islamic Republic authorities deny their role in subjecting countless citizens to torture of any kind and justify sexual torture, such as rape of virgins prior to execution, in the name of Islam,” said Shadi Sadr, the Executive Director of Justice for Iran.

Almost two hundred victims voluntarily provided testimonies pertaining to horrific details of various forms of torture they were subjected to while in custody. In addition to Crimes and Impunity JFI produced a policy brief Raped Out of Paradise outlining illegal Islamic Republic policies tantamount to crimes against humanity, and steps foreign policy makers, the international community including the European Union and the United Nations, must take to end the culture of impunity prevalent among Islamic Republic authorities and agencies.

Through the on-line release of Final Moments JFI calls on the Islamic Republic of Iran, a signatory of the International Bill of Human Rights, to live up to its state responsibilities by both protecting the rights of Iranians who have been subjected to torture in Islamic Republic prisons and preventing future violations.

To mark this UN international day a number of independent experts have highlighted the practice of torture throughout the globe, the need for a victim-centric approach to its elimination and the steps necessary to not only seek reparation but to prevent future violations. The call for action to mark this important day is available at: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/Acallforactioninsupportofvictimsoftorture.aspx

To find out more about JFI and its recent publications and production on sexual torture in Iran, and to arrange an interview email Media Desk at: info@justiceforiran.org

 

SPD wendet sich gegen Verfolgung der Glaubensgemeinschaft der Baha’i im Iran

Die Sozialdemokraten sind mit einer Initiative zum Schutz der Glaubensgemeinschaft der Baha’i gescheitert. Einen Antrag (17/13474) zur Religionsfreiheit im Iran und zur Stärkung der Rechte der Baha’i lehnte der Ausschuss für Menschenrechte und humanitäre Hilfe am Mittwoch mit den Stimmen der Fraktionen von Union und FDP bei Enthaltung der Fraktion die Linke ab. Die Grünen unterstützten den Antrag.

Die Sozialdemokraten hatten die Bundesregierung unter anderem aufgefordert, Menschenrechtsverletzungen im Iran bilateral und auf internationaler Ebene zu thematisieren und sich „konsequent für die Freiheit des religiösen und weltanschaulichen Bekenntnisses“ einzusetzen. Die iranische Regierung sei aufzufordern, Repressionen und Diskriminierungen gegenüber den Baha’i einzustellen, alle politischen und aus Gewissensgründen Inhaftierten freizulassen und den Menschenrechtsdialog mit der EU wieder aufzunehmen. Mitglieder der iranischen Baha’i-Gemeinde sollen zudem als Gruppenverfolgte in Deutschland aufgenommen werden. Die „vehemente Verfolgung“ der Baha’i durch die iranische Regierung sei religiös und politisch begründet, hieß es im Antrag weiter. Ihnen werde zum einen unterstellt, Spione Israels zu sein, zum anderen werde ihnen Apostasie, der Abfall vom Islam, vorgeworfen.

Vertreter der Koalitionsfraktionen unterstützten im Ausschuss das Anliegen der SPD-Fraktion, verwiesen jedoch auf bereits beschlossene Anträge zur Religionsfreiheit im Iran. Zudem sei die von den Sozialdemokraten geforderte Linie gegenüber der iranischen Regierung bereits Bestandteil der Politik der Bundesregierung. Vertreter der Oppositionsfraktionen sprachen unter anderem von einer Verschlechterung der Lage der Baha’i in jüngster Zeit, was sich unter anderem auch in der Inhaftierung ihrer Führungsspitze nach „grob unfairen Gerichtsverfahren“ Anfang Mai zeige.

 

Supreme Leader Blasts Foreign Plots in Vote

      On June 4, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei charged that foreign powers are plotting to discourage Iranians from voting in the upcoming presidential election. Tehran’s enemies also want to cause “sedition” after the poll “just like what they did” after the disputed 2009 election, Khamenei claimed in a televised speech. He spoke to thousands at a ceremony marking the 24th anniversary of the passing of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, founder of the Islamic Republic. Khamenei also encouraged Iranians to vote in large numbers on June 14 to show their confidence in the political system. He warned candidates against “making impossible promises” and giving concessions to the West. The following are excerpts from Khamenei’s official Twitter account and a variety of press reports. 

Presidential Election
            Iran’s enemies “wish for either a low turnout in the election or sedition to emerge after the poll…The enemies are seeking to portray the election as a threat to the Islamic establishment whereas the vote is in fact a great opportunity.”
            “Candidates shouldn’t make impossible promises. Speak in a way that if next year at this time you listen to a recording of yourself or people do, you won’t be ashamed. Make promises that you can deliver on so that afterwards you don’t say that they didn’t let me do this or didn’t let me do that.”
            “A vote for any of these eight candidates is a vote for the Islamic Republic and a vote of confidence in the system and our electoral process.”
            Some candidates “have the wrong analysis that by giving concessions to enemies, their anger towards Iran will be reduced. This is a mistake… In practice [they] prefer the enemies‘ interests to our national ones.“ Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Crime of adultery and stoning punishment in Iran’s new criminal code

 

Crime of adultery and stoning punishment in Iran’s new criminal code

Crime of adultery and stoning punishment in Iran’s new criminal code; skills of defense in Hodudcrimes

BY: Mohammad Mostafaei, director of Universal Tolerance Organization

Universal Tolerance – After long tension between Islamic parliament of Iran and council of guardian the criminal law bill was finally sanctioned by the parliament and council of guardian subsequently ratified it before it was published in Iran’s gazette for the enforcement. However, during the course sanctioning, many legal comments and critiques have been raised towards the newly sanctioned criminal law. The last but not least critic was about public publication of the law in the gazette where rather than publishing the law, the advertisement for selling the law book was announced which legally impedes the enforcement of the law, because according to civil code of Iran, new legal provisions must be fully published in Iran’s gazette and enter to force 15 days after being published, whereas the provisions of new criminal code have not been published officially as for today. Thus, it is not legally acceptable not to have the law published in gazette, but in some other place for other reasons which has not surely been the purpose of the legislator either. In addition to this issue which has made the enforcement of law more difficult, another important issue to be addressed here is the crime of adultery and punishment of stoning. Since stoning punishment has again been stipulated in the law by the legislator, we need to advance lawyers’ skill on how to defend clients who are punished to both stoning and death penalty. Distribution of information in this regard can also be a huge help to save lives of many who are convicted of adultery. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Would You Marry Me? Child Marriage in Iran

This week our design intern Patryk has been working with Maral to produce an image that uses data gathered from Ebtekar News  and the Society for Protecting the Rights of the Child. At first glance the bold numbers jump off the page, leading us to delve deeper into the narratives behind the numbers.

The 13 hidden in the background?

Sharia law recognises girls as adults when they turn nine, and while the minimum age for marriage in Iran is 13 for girls and 15 for boys, younger children can be married off with the approval of their guardians and the court.

85% of the nearly 2 million Iranians under the age of 19 to marry over the past 6 years were girls.

More than 200,000 Iranians under the age of 15 were married; 97% of them were girls.

In 2010, 716 Iranian girls younger than 10 were married.

Who is asking, „Would you marry me?“

The Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Dr Ahmad Shaheed, wrote in his latest UN report that he is ‚deeply concerned about reports that the Legal Affairs Committee of the Iranian Parliament has announced that the law that prohibits the marriage of girls below the age of 13 is considered to be “un-Islamic and illegal”‘.

 

The Ayatollah Under the Bed(sheets)

In the Islamic Republic of Iran, all politics may not be sexual, but all sex is political.

BY KARIM SADJADPOUR | 

In the early years of the Iranian Revolution, an obscure cleric named Ayatollah Gilani became a sensation on state television by contemplating bizarre hypotheticals at the intersection of Islamic law and sexuality. One of his most outlandish scenarios — still mocked by Iranians three decades later — went like this:

Imagine you are a young man sleeping in your bedroom. In the bedroom directly below, your aunt lies asleep. Now imagine that an earthquake happens that collapses your floor, causing you to fall directly on top of her. For the sake of argument, let’s assume that you’re both nude, and you’re erect, and you land with such perfect precision on top of her that you unintentionally achieve intercourse. Is the child of such an encounter halalzadeh(legitimate) or haramzadeh (a bastard)?

Such tales of random ribaldry may sound anomalous in the seemingly austere, asexual Islamic Republic of Iran. But the „Gili Show,“ as it came to be known, had quite the following among both the traditional classes, who were titillated by his taboo topics, and the Tehrani elite, who tuned in for comic relief. Gilani helped spawn what is now a virtual cottage industry of clerics and fundamentalists turned amateur sexologists offering incoherent advice on everything fromquickies („The man’s goal should be to lighten his load as soon as possible without arousing his woman“) to masturbation („a grave, grave sin which causes scientific and medical harm“). Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

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