In this witness statement, Farshid—a gay Iranian man—discusses his arrest and subsequent rape by the Iranian authorities, and his expulsion from university on account of his homosexual orientation.
Name: Farshid (pseudonym)
Place of Birth: Tehran, Iran
Date of Birth: 1986
Interviewing Organization: Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC)
Date of Interview: 15 September 2012
Interviewer: IHRDC Staff
This statement was prepared pursuant to an interview with Farshid [note: a pseudonym has been given to the witness to protect his identity]. It was approved by Farshid on May 3, 2013. There are 43 paragraphs in the statement.
The views and opinions of the witness expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the Iran Human Rights Documentation Center.
1. My name is Farshid. I was born in Tehran in 1986. I lived in Iran until 2010. I am a homosexual man.
2. I left Iran at the age of 24 and sought asylum in Turkey. I have been living in Canada for about seven months. I studied electronic engineering at Islamshahr Islamic Azad University before I was expelled. I worked as a hairdresser while I was in school, and also for a short while after I was expelled.
3. I was raped once. I was with a number of my gay friends in Vali-e Asr Avenue. It was around 12:00 or 12:30 am. I think it was in fall 2007. It was cool [outside] and I was wearing a sweater and a scarf. We parked the car and took a walk to get ice cream. Two plainclothes basijis approached us. They were bearded. They showed us their identification cards. I think one of them was named Mohammadi or Mohammadian. I grew up in a family that taught me that I should not accept anything without reason. In our family we were taught to be strong, to ask questions, and to be brave. I was always like that. They approached us and asked us what we were doing at that late hour. First, I asked them why we had to answer their questions. They responded that they were officers. I said that I wanted to see their identification cards. They showed us their cards. One of them looked 34 or 35, and the other one looked 27 or 28. The man whose name was Mohammadi or Mohammadian looked older. I did not see the younger officer’s identification card. The older officer showed his card and asked questions, and I had to answer him. He showed me two cards: one identified him as member of the basij and the other card identified him as an employee of the Ministry of Intelligence and National Security. At the top of the card it said “Ministry of Intelligence and National Security.”
4. He asked: Why are you here at this late hour? I said that we had parked our car up the street. He asked who owned the car. I said that it was mine. He asked for my documents, and I showed them. He started searching my car, and he found a pack of condoms in the dashboard. He asked: What is this? “Condoms,” I said. He asked: What is this doing in your car? I said that I bought it from a pharmacy, and if it was a bad thing they would not be selling it at the pharmacy. He said: The pharmacy is for someone who has a wife. Do you have a wife? He took the condoms, and I could not say anything because someone who is unmarried cannot be involved with another person in Iran. He did not know that I was gay. Of course, at that late hour, and while I was in the middle of the street, I could not tell him that if I wanted to, I could enter into a temporary marriage with anyone. It would be funny if a 22-year old man says this. He told us to get lost. He harassed us a little and then he was gone. They had motorbikes. But they were back after a minute or two. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
This week our design intern Patryk has been working with Maral to produce an image that uses data gathered from Ebtekar News and the Society for Protecting the Rights of the Child. At first glance the bold numbers jump off the page, leading us to delve deeper into the narratives behind the numbers.
The 13 hidden in the background?
Sharia law recognises girls as adults when they turn nine, and while the minimum age for marriage in Iran is 13 for girls and 15 for boys, younger children can be married off with the approval of their guardians and the court.
85% of the nearly 2 million Iranians under the age of 19 to marry over the past 6 years were girls.
More than 200,000 Iranians under the age of 15 were married; 97% of them were girls.
In 2010, 716 Iranian girls younger than 10 were married.
Who is asking, „Would you marry me?“
The Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Dr Ahmad Shaheed, wrote in his latest UN report that he is ‚deeply concerned about reports that the Legal Affairs Committee of the Iranian Parliament has announced that the law that prohibits the marriage of girls below the age of 13 is considered to be “un-Islamic and illegal”‘.
In the Islamic Republic of Iran, all politics may not be sexual, but all sex is political.
In the early years of the Iranian Revolution, an obscure cleric named Ayatollah Gilani became a sensation on state television by contemplating bizarre hypotheticals at the intersection of Islamic law and sexuality. One of his most outlandish scenarios — still mocked by Iranians three decades later — went like this:
Imagine you are a young man sleeping in your bedroom. In the bedroom directly below, your aunt lies asleep. Now imagine that an earthquake happens that collapses your floor, causing you to fall directly on top of her. For the sake of argument, let’s assume that you’re both nude, and you’re erect, and you land with such perfect precision on top of her that you unintentionally achieve intercourse. Is the child of such an encounter halalzadeh(legitimate) or haramzadeh (a bastard)?
Such tales of random ribaldry may sound anomalous in the seemingly austere, asexual Islamic Republic of Iran. But the „Gili Show,“ as it came to be known, had quite the following among both the traditional classes, who were titillated by his taboo topics, and the Tehrani elite, who tuned in for comic relief. Gilani helped spawn what is now a virtual cottage industry of clerics and fundamentalists turned amateur sexologists offering incoherent advice on everything fromquickies („The man’s goal should be to lighten his load as soon as possible without arousing his woman“) to masturbation („a grave, grave sin which causes scientific and medical harm“). Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
JFI at the UN session examining Islamic Republic policies on sex change, women, Afghans and Ahwazi Arabs
After a twenty-year delay on the part of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the 50th session of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Geneva was able to examine reports on serious human rights violations by the Islamic Republic, including those concerning enforced sex change operations and the creation of Afghan-free zone.
To contribute to this significant event, Justice for Iran (JFI) representatives submitted numerous briefingsand attended the session to present details pertaining to systemic human rights violations against women, Afghan immigrants and the Ahwazi Arab community and members of the lesbian,gay and transgender communities in conjunction with Iranian Lesbian and Transgender Network (6Rang). Furthermore, through repeated efforts JFI drew attention to discriminatory measures imposed by the State through unequal inheritance and work rights based on gender, quota system against women in higher education, forced marriage and sexual abuse of the girl children, marital rape, among others. The Islamic Republic delegation composed of experts in health and hygiene, employment, social services, and the environment, lead by Khosrow Hakimi, Advisor to the Head of the Judiciary and Deputy Secretary of the High Council for Human Rights, were presented with questions and concerns raised by JFI among other NGOs.
All of the 17-member delegation failed to provide satisfactory responses to the dedicated Committee session held on Wednesday 1 May 2013. JFI was one of two NGOs present at the session. “This is the first of many efforts by JFI to not just work with the office of the UN Special Raporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran, but through a wide range of channels and bodies of the United Nations to shift the dialogue on Iran to one that is human rights-centric rather than one that is focused on the nuclear issue”, said Shadi Sadr, the Executive Director of JFI “it is our hope that the results of this session will influence Islamic Republic state policies involving women, LGBT community, Afghan immigrants and the Ahwazi Arabs in accordance with international laws and standards.”
As part of this process the Committee will record all concerns raised in its concluding remarks, all of which the Islamic Republic is responsible to implement and report on in its next review.
Justice For Iran’ was established in July 2010 with the aim of addressing the crime and impunity prevalent among Iranian state officials and their use of systematic sexual abuse of women as a method of torture in order to extract confession. It uses methods such as documentation of human rights violations, and research about authority figures who play a role in serious and widespread violation of human rights in Iran; as well as use of judicial, political and international mechanisms in place, to execute justice, remove impunity and bring about accountability to the actors and agents of human rights violations in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Documentary presented by Rageh Omaar which reveals the lives, hopes and fears of the young generation of Tehran, the most intriguing, talked about but least understood city in the world today.
Omaar and director Paul Sapin spent a year arranging the permissions and contacts for the film, who include a renowned female photojournalist, a woman who is the CEO of an international transport company, the editor of a youth magazine, the staff at a drug rehab centre and a pop star.
What do we really know about the Islamic Republic of Iran, aside from a Cold War rhetoric of politicians on both sides each accusing the other of evil? Rageh Omaar embarks on a unique journey inside what he describes as one of the most misunderstood countries in the world, looking at the country through the eyes of people rarely heard — ordinary Iranians. It took a year of wrangling to get permission to film inside Iran but the result is an amazing portrayal of an energetic and vibrant country that is completely different to the usual images seen in the media.
The Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC) is pleased to release a comprehensive English translation of Book One and Book Two of the Islamic Penal Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The translation incorporates all amendments to the Code up to January 2012 and covers matters such as, inter alia, the trial and punishment for sex crimes such as adultery and sodomy; the trial and punishment for consumption of alcohol and other intoxicating substances; the trial and punishment for moharebeh (warring against God) and efsad-e-fel-arz (corruption on Earth) and the trial and punishment for theft.
Book One -Preliminary
Chapter 1 – General Provisions
Chapter 2 -The Punishments and Security and Correction Measures
Section 1 -The Punishments and Security and Correction Measures
Section 2 -Mitigation of Punishment
Section 3 -Suspension of execution of punishment
Section 4 -Conditional release of prisoners
Chapter 3 -Offences
Section 1 -Attempting an offence
Section 2 -Associates and accomplices of an offence
Section 3 -Multiplicity of offences
Section 4 -Recurrence of crime
Chapter 4 -Scope of criminal liability
Book Two –Hudud
Chapter 1 –Hadd punishment for Zina
Section 1 -Definition and grounds of hadd punishment for zina
Section 2 -Procedure of proving adultery in the court
Section 3 -Different types of hadd punishment for zina
Section 4 -The procedure of execution of the hadd punishment
Chapter 2 –Hadd punishment for sodomy (livat)
Section 1 -Definition and reasons of hadd punishment for sodomy
Section 2 -Procedure of proving sodomy in the court
Chapter 3 –Musaheqeh [sex between women]
Chapter 4 –Procuring/Pandering
Chapter 5 –Qazf [false accusation of sexual offences]
Chapter 6 –Hadd punishment for [consumption of] intoxicants
Section 1 -Reasons of the hadd punishment for [consumption of] intoxicants
Section 2 -Conditions of the hadd punishment for [consumption of] intoxicants
Section 3-The procedure of execution of the hadd punishment
Section 4 -Conditions of nullification or pardon of the hadd punishment for [consumption of] intoxicants
Chapter 7 -Moharebeh and corruption on earth [efsad-e-fel-arz]
Section 1 -Definitions
Section 2 -Procedure of proving moharebeh and corruption on earth
Section 3 –Hadd punishment for moharebeh and corruption on earth
Chapter 8 –Hadd Punishment for theft
Section 1 -Definition and conditions
Section 2 -Procedure of proving theft
Section 3 -Conditions of execution of the hadd punishment
Section 4 -The hadd punishment for theft Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Von Mohammad Reza Kazemi
Die Kamera zoomt auf eine Tür, die sich langsam öffnet. Ein Bett ist zu sehen. Auf dem Bett: ein junges Paar beim Sex. Ein Kichern ist zu hören. Es kommt nicht von dem Paar, sondern von dem Mann hinter der Videokamera, der nun durch das Zimmer schleicht, immer näher an das Bett heran. Plötzlich schreckt das Paar auf: Die beiden haben bemerkt, dass sie von dem Mann beobachtet, gefilmt werden. Alle drei brechen in Gelächter aus.
Diese Szene stammt aus einem iranischen Home-Porno-Clip, und sie ist alles andere als außergewöhnlich.Iran und Pornografie? Das Internet ist mittlerweile voll von selbstgedrehten Pornos made in Islamic Republic of Iran. Die Produktion und Verbreitung solcher Filme stehen in Iran unter Strafe – genauso wie außereheliche Beziehungen: Bei Ehebruch drohen Peitschenhiebe oder sogar Steinigung (mehr dazu in den Reports von Human Rights Watch und Amnesty International).
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