Die UNO ist besorgt über die steigende Zahl von Hinrichtungen und die Verschlechterung der Menschenrechtslage im lran. Der Jahresbericht des UN-Sonderberichterstatters über die Menschenrechtslage im Iran zieht eine erschreckende Bilanz.
Der UN-Sonderberichterstatter über die Menschenrechtslage im Iran, Ahmed Shaheed (Bild), hat der Presse am 27. Oktober seinen Jahresbericht vorgestellt. Seit der Wahl des Regime-Präsidenten Rohani im Juni 2013 wurden demnach 852 Menschen im Iran hingerichtet, darunter acht Minderjährige. Damit hat der Iran weltweit die höchste Hinrichtungszahl pro Kopf.
Shaheed äußerte sich schockiert über das Spektrum der Taten, für die im Iran Todesurteile verhängt werden. „Wir haben erlebt, dass ein Mensch hingerichtet wurde, weil er für eine ausländische Organisation gespendet hat“, sagte Shaheed.
Entsetzt zeigte er sich über die Erhängung der 26-jährigen Reyhaneh Jabbari, die am 25. Oktober im Iran hingerichtet wurde, obwohl sich weltweit Menschenrechtler und sogar Regierungen für die Rettung der jungen Frau eingesetzt hatten.
Der UNO-Sonderberichterstatter warf dem iranischen Präsidenten vor, sein Versprechen aus dem Wahlkampf zur Verbesserung der Menschenrechtslage nicht eingehalten zu haben. Seit seinem Amtsantritt 2011 hat der UNO-Experte keine Erlaubnis zum Besuch des Irans erhalten.
Shaheed kritisierte auch die Einschränkung der Pressefreiheit im Iran. Demnach sind derzeit 35 Journalisten in Haft. Mindestens 300 Menschen seien zudem wegen ihres Glaubens inhaftiert, darunter 120 Mitglieder der religiösen Gemeinschaft der Bahai.
Es wird erwartet, dass die UNO-Generalversammlung im November über einen von Kanada eingebrachten Resolutionsentwurf abstimmt, in dem die Verletzung der Menschenrechte im Iran verurteilt wird.
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland | Islamic Republic of Iran/ R (on the application of RK) v Birmingham City Council AAJR
(Immigration and Asylum Chamber)
R (on the application of RK) v Birmingham City Council AAJR  UKUT 00307 (IAC)
IN THE MATTER OF AN APPLICATION FOR JUDICIAL REVIEW
1. The claimant, to whom I shall refer as “RK” throughout this judgment, claims to be a citizen of Iran. By a claim form issued at the Administrative Court, Birmingham on 17 June 2010, RK sought a declaration that the then defendant (the Secretary of State for the Home Department) “abide by a determination of Immigration Judge Khan promulgated on 4 March 2010 which concluded that the claimant’s date of birth is 15 May 1994.” RK also sought a declaration that the Secretary of State should treat him as a minor and grant him discretionary leave to remain in the United Kingdom. It is unnecessary here to set out in detail the history of the litigation given that the only issue now before the Upper Tribunal (the determination of RK’s chronological age) is removed from the original subject matter of the claim. The defendant in the proceedings is no longer the Secretary of State for the Home Department, but Birmingham City Council which, on 13 August 2009 and on 23 November 2010, produced age assessment reports in respect of RK with which he does not agree. The proceedings against the Secretary of State were withdrawn on 13 July 2010 following the acceptance by the Secretary of State that RK was a minor; the Secretary of State subsequently granted RK discretionary leave to remain in the United Kingdom until 15 November 2011. I understand that his leave to remain has not been extended beyond that date.
2. As noted above, the First-tier Tribunal (Judge Khan) had dismissed an appeal by RK against the decision of the Secretary of State dated 12 August 2009 refusing RK’s claim for asylum and making directions for his removal from the United Kingdom by way of directions under paragraphs 8-10 of schedule 2 of the Immigration Act 1971. In the course of his determination dismissing the appeal (and which has not been appealed to the Upper Tribunal), Judge Khan made a finding that RK was born on 15 May 1994 (that is, RK’s claimed date of birth) but Birmingham City Council (which had assumed responsibility for RK’s care under the Children Act 1989) refused to treat RK as a minor. During subsequent proceedings in the Administrative Court and the Court of Appeal, Birmingham City Council continued to assert that RK’s date of birth is 25 January 1990. The judicial review proceedings were transferred to the Upper Tribunal by an order of Mr Justice Hickinbottom on 3 June 2011. At the fact-finding hearing on 18-21 February 2013, Mr R De Mello of Counsel appeared for the claimant and Ms Etiebet of Counsel appeared for the defendant.
3. Neither party to these proceedings carries any burden of proof. It is for the court to determine whether the applicant was a child at the material time with reference to all relevant evidence and by applying the standard of proof of the balance of probabilities (see R (CJ) v Cardiff County Council)  EWCA Civ 1590). The Court of Appeal in R (CJ) observed:
Iran is a Muslim country with Shia majority. It has over 70 million populations with high percentage of young generation. According to statistical center of Iran, It is estimated over 73 percent of people are aged from 15 to 65 years old. Iran became an Islamic republic after revolution in 1979.Until then the country was served by Pahlavi’s dynasty for almost 50 years since 1925.Imam Khomeini was the leader of Islamic revolution known as supreme leader who approved the theocratic constitution. In 1980 Saddam Hossein invaded Iran. War of Iran -Iraq started and lasted for 8 years of hostility. After the death of Khomeini, assembly of experts appointed Ayatollah Khamenei as his successor in 1989. According to the constitution of Iran, president is the highest position of the executive power. During Khamenie’s leadership presidents of Iran were elected by people; Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani (1989-1997), Seyed Mohamad Khatami(1997-2005), and Mahmood Ahmadinejad (2005-2013). Mahmood Ahmadinejad is a conservative populist whose fraud in election 2009 made Iranians upraise against him for imposing himself to people. During his presidency, Iranians faced a lot of repression and injustice. He established a highly fundamentalist cabinet; gender segregation policy, and creation of moral police was on the top of his controversial approach to Islamic fundamentalism. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags