Blog-Archive

News from Iran – Week 05 – 2014

by lissnup

Prisoner News:

Transfers

  • Mashallah Haeri got a heart attack and was transferred to Day hospital in Tehran.

  • Samkoo Khalghati transferred to solitary.

  • Mohammad-Amin Roghani transferred to financial ward of Evin.

  • Death row prisoner Kaveh Sharifi transferred from Evin to an unknown location.

Arrests-Detentions

  • Reza Alnaser, student activist, arrested in Mashhad.

  • Moslem Boushehrian arrested at Tehran airport.

  • Hazhir Firouzian, Baha’i, arrested in Semnan to serve his 40 day sentence.

  • Sasan and Siavash Janatian, student activists, arrested in Mashhad.

  • Dana Lanj-Abadi, Kurdish student, arrested.

  • Amir-Ali Mehran-Nia arrested in Kermanshah.

  • Student activist Arash Mohammadi is back to Tabriz prison at the end of furlough.

  • 47 arrests in Khorram-Abad.

  • 88 arrests for hooliganism in Tehran.

  • More than 20 worker protesters arrested in Ardakan Fars Province.

Liberations

  • Shahnaz Jayzan, wife of a pastor, released on furlough.

  • Farzad Madadzadeh freed at the end of his sentence.

  • Fatemeh Masni released on bail from Evin.

  • Faghir-Mohammad Reisi, Sunni cleric, released on bail from Zahedan prison.

Other News

  • Rajaei Shahr political prisoners on strike to protest against mistreatment.

News of injustice in Iran

  • Reza Aghakhani, member of National-Religious party, sentenced to 3 years in prison.

  • Mohammad-Bagher Alavi, Member of Freedom Movement, sentenced to 4 years in prison.

  • Hamid Babaei, student in Liege University, sentenced to 10 years in prison.

  • Sarang Etehadi sentenced to 5 years in prison.

  • Fatemeh Hashemi, daughter of former president Rafsanjani, sentenced to 6 months suspended.

  • Morteza Rahmani, Kurdish political activist, sentenced 3 times to execution.

  • Hadi Rashedi, Ahvaz activist, was executed last week.

  • Hashem Shabaninejad, Ahvaz activist, was executed last week.

  • 7 hangings in Ghezel Hesar prison on Monday.

  • One public hanging in Ghazvin on Tuesday.

  • 5 hangings in Urmiah prison on Thursday.

University – Culture

  • The veteran Iranian cinematographer Maziar Partow died at 81.

  • The Iranian American multi-instrumentalist Rostam Batmangelij and his band Vampire Weekend. Won the Grammy award for Alternative Music

  • Marivan Payam Nour University students Dana Amini, Souran Ravesh and Maysam Javanmiri banned from continuing their education.

  • Asghar Farhadi’s The Past has been nominated in five categories for France’s Cesar Awards.

Protests

  • Iran Tire workers on strike for 7 days; more than 200 workers laid off.

  • Zagros Steel workers rally to protest delayed salaries for seven months.

  • Security forces arrested more than 20 miners in Chodarmanlou mine (Yazd region).

Iran abroad

  • Kofi Annan and Desmond Tutu in Tehran to meet Iranian leaders.

  • US Treasury removes sanctions on Iran’s National Oil and Tanker companies.

  • Italian Minister of Culture visits Tehran.

  • Larijani receives his South Korean counterpart.

  • Former French foreign minister meets with deputy FM.

  • Turkish prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan arrives in Tehran

Iran Economics

  • French automaker Renault resumes shipments of spare part to Iran.

Iran Politics

  • Iran’s military budget decreased in Rouhani’s presented budget bill by 9 percent.

  • Rouhani appoints Masoud Soltanifar as a head of Cultural Heritage.

As usual, list of political prisoners in Iran: http://hyperactivist.info/ipr.html

IHRDC|The executions of two Ahwazi Arab prisoners

The Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC) has learned further details concerning the executions of two Ahwazi Arab prisoners, Hadi Rashedi and Hashem Sha’baninejad, in the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI).  On Wednesday, January 29, reports emerged that Mr. Rashedi and Mr. Sha’baninejad—two of five members of al-Hiwar, an Ahwazi Arab cultural organization, who were sentenced to death in July 2012—were executed.  IHRDC has since learned that IRI authorities executed the two men without notifying their attorneys or their families.

According to an IHRDC source, intelligence officials called the homes of these two individuals on January 29 and informed their families that they have been executed. The second branch of the Ahvaz Islamic Revolutionary Court had sentenced them to death on charges of muharibih (or “waging war on God”), sowing corruption on earth, propaganda against the Islamic Republic and acting against national security. Mr. Rashedi and Mr. Sha’baninejad were teachers from the town of Ramshir in Khuzestan Province.

The families of these individuals went to the Ministry of Intelligence and National Security (MOIS) office in Ahvaz to ascertain the validity of the information they had received on the phone. MOIS officials confirmed their executions, and stated that they had been executed “three or four days ago.” The regulatory code governing the conduct of executions specifies that the attorney for the person being executed must be notified at least 48 hours prior to the execution. In addition, the same code states that the person being executed is entitled to have visitors in the prison before his or her execution.

MOIS officials reportedly stated that they will tell the families where they have buried Mr. Rashedi and Mr. Sha’baninejad at a later date. The source who spoke with IHRDC indicated that on the evening of January 29, the authorities contacted the families again and told them that they only had 24 hours to hold religious services for the executed individuals, and that any such service should be held at their homes and not at a mosque. Otherwise, the families were told, they would be arrested and prosecuted.

The date or the location of the executions cannot be verified. According to the reports that the families of the executed persons received from contacts inside Karoun Prison in Ahvaz, Mr. Rashedi and Mr. Sha’baninejad were transferred out of the prison on December 7, 2013. Also, a prison official reportedly told one of the attorneys that they were handed to the MOIS on December 7. Although the MOIS initially stated that they were in its custody for further investigation, they did not confirm their presence at the MOIS afterwards. Nor did prison or judiciary officials provide any information on the whereabouts of Mr. Rashedi and Mr. Sha’baninejad to their families. A complaint filed to President Rouhani’s office was also left unanswered.

Three other individuals, Mohammad Ali Amourinejad, Jaber Alboshoka and Mokhtar Alboshoka, were sentenced to death along with Mr. Rashedi and Mr. Sha’baninejad. In early December, however, MOIS officials informed the families of these three individuals that their sentences have been commuted to life in prison. A judiciary official has also reportedly conveyed the same information to one of the attorneys representing them. The judiciary, however, has not officially announced the reduction of the sentences of the three men.

If the executions of Mr. Rashedi and Mr. Sha’baninejad were indeed carried out within the last few days as MOIS officials have reportedly stated, these executions would have directly preceded or coincided with the visit of “the Elders,”—a group of former world leaders—to Iran. The group that traveled to Iran includes former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, former President Martti Ahtisaari of Finland and former President Ernesto Zedillo of Mexico. The group’s mission is to “support greater openness and dialogue between Iran and the international community,” and to “encourage Iran to play a stabilizing role in the wider Middle East.”

Iran is the global leader in executions per capita, with a total of 624 executions in 2013. Human rights groups and UN experts have expressed concern about the rising numbers of persons executed in recent months.  According to IHRDC’s estimates, there have been a total of 55 executions in Iran so far in 2014.

Source: IHRDC

Kleine Zeitung| Irans Präsident für demokratisches Parteiensystem

Foto © APA

Der iranische Präsident Hassan Rouhani ist für die Einführung eines demokratischen Mehrparteiensystems. „Wir können doch nicht die politischen Belange eines Landes, das eine Bevölkerung von über 70 Millionen hat, ohne politische Parteien steuern“, sagte Rouhani laut der Nachrichtenagentur Inra. Außerdem müssten auch die Menschen im Iran wissen, welche Partei welche politische Linie verfolge.

Im Iran gibt es mehrere Fraktionen und politische Flügel, aber kein klassisches Parteiensystem. Die Aktivitäten der wenigen reformorientierten Parteien sind in der Zwischenzeit alle verboten worden. Ihnen wurde unterstellt, dass sie nicht treu zum islamischen Establishment stehen.

In den vergangenen Jahren dominierten ein konservativer und reformorientierter Flügeln die Politik. Mit Amtsantritt von Ex-Präsident Mahmoud Ahmadinejad im Jahr 2005 gründete sich eine Alternative zu den beiden Flügeln, die Ahmadinejad selbst die „dritte Welle“ nannte.

In der Vergangenheit scheiterten mehrere Versuche, ein Parteiensystems einzuführen, am Widerstand des Establishments. Das stuft Parteien als ein westliches Modell ein und lehnt sie deshalb auch ab.

AZ| Iran plant Verbot von Kommunikationsprogrammen auf Smartphones

Ein Geistlicher nutzt in Teheran sein Handy. Foto: Abedin Taherkenareh/Archiv Foto: dpa

Ein Geistlicher nutzt in Teheran sein Handy. Foto: Abedin Taherkenareh/ArchivFoto: dpa

Teheran – Die Internet-Paranoia im Iran geht in die nächste Runde. Nun plant der Leiter der Behörde für Internetkriminalität auch ein Verbot der im Iran äußerst beliebten Smartphone Kommunikationsprogramme Viber und Tango.

Da über Viber und Tango Informationen im Ausland landen könnten, seien diese beiden Programme für das Land eine große Gefahr und sollten daher verboten werden, sagte Abdolsamad Chorramabadi. Vor dem endgültigen Verbot von Viber und Tango solle jedoch noch an hiesigen Kommunikationsprogrammen als Alternativen gearbeitet werden, so Chorramabadi laut Nachrichtenagentur Mehr am Sonntag.

Vollständiger Artikel

The New President and the Human Rights Crisis

July 14th 2013 was an important day in Iran. The presidential election in Iran was held even though two of the candidates from the previous presidential election, Mir Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi, are currently under house arrest. The people who have objected to the results of the previous election and consider them fraudulent have also paid a heavy price during these past years. Their civil protests in the streets were suppressed with a harshness rarely seen before. Many were detained and some even were killed by security forces. A police state dominated the country and participation in the political process was impossible. The opposition forces had two choices to break the atmosphere: Seyyed Mohammad Khatami and Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. These two men were thought to be able to pass the filtering of the Guardian Council and receive popular support. Khatami’s analysis of the situation was that he would not be able to accomplish anything in the present atmosphere and Hashemi ran even though he is almost 80 years old. Few thought that the Guardian Council would reject Hashemi’s qualifications for presidential candidacy as he had had a major role in the founding of the Islamic Republic (IR) regime and has held posts in very high offices. As of today, he is the head of the Expediency Discernment Council, which is in charge of setting the regime’s macro-policies. However, the Guardian Council disqualified him from running in the election. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Who Is Hassan Rouhani ?

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In April 2006, Rouhani was caught on tape, boasting that while talks [on Iran’s nuclear program] were taking place, Iran was able to complete installing equipment for the conversion of yellowcake — a key stage in the nuclear fuel process — but at the same tine convince the Europeans that nothing was afoot.

by Banafsheh Zand

The eleventh Iranian elections are over but were not really open and fair. No election can be fair when the candidates have been handpicked and propped up by one man: the Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei. The entire event, mostly a show for international consumption, was orchestrated within a police state. „I recently heard,“ Khamenei said, „that someone at the U.S. National Security Council said, ‚We do not accept this election in Iran.‘ We do not give a damn.“

Khamenei has often said, „Any vote that is cast for the candidates who have been picked, is a vote for the Islamic Republic. In fact all voting is a vote of trust and support for the regime.“ Iranians who voted were not electing a president but validating the Velayat’eh Faqih (the absolute mandate of jurists).

Iranian media and the internet are totally censored; the actions of the regime’s elite never reach the people inside. Additionally, both foreign and domestic media have been banned, with the exception of CNN, who sent American reporters. Part of that coercive measure has included the imprisonment of various Iranian journalists.

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Hassan Rouhani, the only cleric among the candidates, is a relic from the early days of the Revolution. His birth name is Hassan Feridoon — a more Persian name then his Muslim name, Rouhani, meaning spiritual. Since the government takeover of the Islamic Revolution, Rouhani has held multiple positions, including Secretary and Representative of the National Security Council, member of the Assembly of Experts, member of the Expediency Council, President of the Center for Strategic Research, and various positions in the Iranian Parliament. In the early days of the revolution he was put in the position of Military Coordinator where he purged the existing military and replaced them with Khomeini loyalists. During the Iran-Iraq war, he served as Rafsanjani’s right hand man. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Rouhani: Rival Constituencies

Alireza Nader

Hassan Rouhani now faces the hard part. Iran’s president-elect won a decisive and surprising victory because he appealed to three conflicting constituencies— conservatives, reformists exiled from the political system, and Iranians dissatisfied with the status quo. Now his ability to govern will depend on satisfying disparate factions. Each has its own set of expectations—and each is also intent on coming out on top.
      Rouhani may be able to deliver results precisely because he is an insider. Since the 1979 revolution, he has served in some of the Islamic Republic’s highest positions. Before his 2013 election, Rouhani was Iran’s national security advisor for 16 years and then head of a government think tank. So he has close ties to Iran’s military and national security establishment. Rouhani has also been a deputy speaker of parliament and a member of the Assembly of Experts ― the only constitutional body with the authority to appoint and dismiss the supreme leader. Among 686 candidates who registered, he was one of only eight allowed to run for the presidency. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Rouhani: Challenges Ahead

Haleh Esfandiari

            The decisive election of Hassan Rouhani as Iran’s new president has been greeted around the world as a sign that Iranians are tired of hardline policies at home and abroad and are ready to embrace change. But the outcome also raises the question of how the new president might go about it, given Iran’s powerful clerical leadership and long history of quashing reform efforts.
      Rouhani will inherit from his predecessor a host of difficult, even insurmountable problems. In the past eight years, such limited freedoms as existed have been severely eroded. The economy is in shambles due to Western-imposed sanctions and outgoing president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s reckless spending and misguided policies. With few real friends, Iran is internationally isolated, and its relations with the US and the Europeans are under strain over Iran’s nuclear program, its support for Assad in Syria, and its inflammatory rhetoric on Israel. Negotiations between Iran and the so-called 5+1 (five members of the UN Security Council and Germany) about Tehran’s nuclear program have been deadlocked.
While he is considered a moderate, Rouhani comes to office as an insider. For sixteen years he was head of Iran’s National Security Council (NSC) and for two years Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator. Even today, he sits on the NSC as the personal representative of the supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei. He served five terms in the Majlis, or parliament. He sits on two major state councils, one of which, the Assembly of Experts, will elect Khamenei’s successor whenever he passes away. In holding high office, Rouhani was more a team player than a maverick and continues to support many existing Iranian policies. On Syria, since his election he has offered only the formulaic non-answer that the Syrian people should decide their own future through elections.
            Critics have noted that Rouhani spoke in support of the harsh crackdown on student protesters at Tehran University in 1999—he later explained he was in the government at the time and could have not done otherwise. He also was silent when security forces brutally crushed protests following the contested 2009 presidential elections, and his explanation for that silence remains unconvincing: he was not then in the government, he said, the nature of the protests had changed, and the protesters were obligated to act within the laws. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Rouhani College Thesis: Islam Flexible

 

      As a graduate student in Scotland, President-elect Hassan Rouhani wrote about two deeply debated issues: the flexibility of Islamic law and the separation of powers in an Islamic democracy. His work in the mid-1990s echoes many of the reformist ideas at the time.
Glasgow Caledonian University released abstracts from his master’s and doctoral degrees shortly after his election in response to new public interest. Rouhani attended the Scottish university under his birth-name Hassan Feridon. Rouhani, which means “spiritual,” was added after he became a cleric. The following are abstracts with links.   Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Rouhani: Tweets picture at US field hospital

President-elect Hassan Rouhani has tweeted a picture of himself at a U.S. field hospital set up to treat survivors of the 2003 earthquake near the southeastern city of Bam. Rouhani’s English-language account posted it one day after he reached out to the United States during his first press conference. Both countries need to heal the “very old wound” and “find solutions to past issues,” said Rouhani.

 

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