Source: Human Rights Watch
Law Permits Execution of Child Offenders, Other Abusive Practices
(Beirut) – Iran’s judiciary should not implement provisions of the new penal code that violate basic rights, including execution by stoning. The Guardian Council, composed of 12 religious jurists, reinserted the stoning provision into a previous version of the draft law which had omitted stoning to death as the explicit penalty for adultery.
No official statistics are available, but human rights groups estimate thatthe Iranian authorities currently hold at least 10 women and men who face possible execution by stoning on adultery charges. At least 70 people have been executed by stoning in Iran since 1980. The last known execution by stoning was in 2009.
“Stoning to death is an abhorrent punishment that has no place in any country’s penal code,” saidSarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “By insisting on keeping stoning in the penal code, Iranian authorities are providing proof positive that they preside over a criminal justice system based on fear, torture and injustice.”
Iran’s semi-official Mehr News Agency reported on April 27, 2013, that the Guardian Council had finished reviewing and making changes to the draft penal code and that the law would soon be implemented. The Guardian Council is an unelected body empowered to vet all legislation to ensure its compatibility with Iran’s constitution and Sharia, or Islamic law. It had approved an earlier version of the draft penal code but then withdrew its approval in late 2012 to amend it further before implementation. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Crime of adultery and stoning punishment in Iran’s new criminal code; skills of defense in Hodudcrimes
BY: Mohammad Mostafaei, director of Universal Tolerance Organization
Universal Tolerance – After long tension between Islamic parliament of Iran and council of guardian the criminal law bill was finally sanctioned by the parliament and council of guardian subsequently ratified it before it was published in Iran’s gazette for the enforcement. However, during the course sanctioning, many legal comments and critiques have been raised towards the newly sanctioned criminal law. The last but not least critic was about public publication of the law in the gazette where rather than publishing the law, the advertisement for selling the law book was announced which legally impedes the enforcement of the law, because according to civil code of Iran, new legal provisions must be fully published in Iran’s gazette and enter to force 15 days after being published, whereas the provisions of new criminal code have not been published officially as for today. Thus, it is not legally acceptable not to have the law published in gazette, but in some other place for other reasons which has not surely been the purpose of the legislator either. In addition to this issue which has made the enforcement of law more difficult, another important issue to be addressed here is the crime of adultery and punishment of stoning. Since stoning punishment has again been stipulated in the law by the legislator, we need to advance lawyers’ skill on how to defend clients who are punished to both stoning and death penalty. Distribution of information in this regard can also be a huge help to save lives of many who are convicted of adultery. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags