Blog-Archive

Spiegel| Irans Oberster Führer: Khameneis Twitter-Tirade gegen Israel

Ajatollah Khamenei (Archivbild): "Wir können nicht erwarten, dass die Zionisten sich diesem Vorschlag einfach unterwerfen"Zur Großansicht

REUTERS

Ajatollah Khamenei (Archivbild): „Wir können nicht erwarten, dass die Zionisten sich diesem Vorschlag einfach unterwerfen“

„Wir wollen die Juden nicht ins Meer werfen“, stellt Irans Staatschef Khamenei klar. Aber sonst sind im Kampf für die Vernichtung Israels offenbar alle Mittel erlaubt. Das hat der Ajatollah in einer Hetztirade auf Twitter bekräftigt.

Teheran – Der Hass auf Israel gehört zur Staatsdoktrin der Islamischen Republik Iran. Als oberster Führer des Landes hat Ajatollah Ali Khameneinie ein Hehl daraus gemacht, dass er den jüdischen Staat verachtet und vernichten will. Doch nun hat das Staatsoberhaupt mit einer Hetztirade auf Twitter eine neue Eskalationsstufe erreicht.

Am Wochenende veröffentlichte der englischsprachige Account @khamenei_ir zahlreiche Tweets, in denen er Israel unter anderem als „barbarisches, wölfisches und Kinder mordendes Regime“ brandmarkte. Zum Abschluss und Höhepunkt der Kampagne veröffentlichte der offizielle Account Khameneis einen Neun-Punkte-Plan für die Auslöschung Israels.

Der Plan sei ein „praktischer und logischer Mechanismus“ für die Eliminierung des israelischen Regimes, lobte sich der Ajatollah ganz unbescheiden. Es müsse ein Referendum geben, bei dem alle Muslime, Christen und Juden abstimmen dürften, die einst in Palästina lebten. Khamenei bleibt hier ungenau, aber offenbar geht es ihm hier um die Menschen und ihre Nachfahren, die vor der israelischen Staatsgründung 1948 in Palästina ansässig waren.

Die jüdischen Einwanderer, die seither nach Israel kamen, dürften natürlich nicht abstimmen, so Khamenei. Nach dem Referendum müsse dann die neue Regierung entscheiden, was mit den Juden passieren solle, ob sie also in Palästina bleiben dürfen, oder in ihre „Heimatländer“ zurückkehren müssen.

Vollständiger Artikel

DW-Intendant: Teheran soll „mehr Transparenz wagen“

Der Intendant der Deutschen Welle (DW), Peter Limbourg, hat an den iranischen Präsidenten Hassan Rohani appelliert, „ernst zu machen mit der Freiheit des Internets“.

Die Führung in Teheran solle „rasch mehr Transparenz wagen und die Zensurmaßnahmen beenden“. Das Land könne nur gewinnen, wenn die Menschen mehr Möglichkeit erhielten, ihre Meinung frei und ohne Gefahr staatlicher Repression zu äußern. „Gerade für die mehrheitlich junge Bevölkerung in Iran sind Soziale Medien ein wichtiges Instrument für gesellschaftlichen Austausch und die individuelle Meinungs- und Willensbildung.“

Ungeachtet der vorsichtigen Tendenzen zur politischen und gesellschaftlichen Öffnung sei Internetzensur in Iran nach wie vor an der Tagesordnung, sagte Limbourg. Die Webseite der Deutschen Welle auf Farsi sei bereits seit Januar 2009 geblockt. Mit dem von der DW bereitgestellten Anti-Zensur-Tool Psiphon sei es iranischen Nutzern jedoch möglich, die Blockaden im Internet zu umgehen. Die Zugriffsraten seien auch im September noch einmal stark angestiegen, so der Intendant. „Deutlich über zwei Millionen Nutzer aus Iran haben allein im September über die Psiphon-Software Inhalte der DW auf Farsi abgerufen und sich so über die Vorgänge im eigenen Land informiert.“ Limbourg sagte, mit dem Ende der Blockade von dw.de/persian könne Präsident Rohani „ein klares politisches Zeichen setzen“. Dazu gehöre auch, künftig auf die Störung der Satellitenübertragung von TV- und Radioprogrammen des deutschen Auslandssenders zu verzichten. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Campaign Posters Capture Rivalries

by Garrett Nada

In flashy campaign art, Iran’s six presidential candidates are pulling at public heartstrings and playing on haunting moments in Iranian history to rally votes. Posters are now plastered across billboards, fences, office blocks and the sides of cars as well as on Facebook, Twitter and Google Plus accounts—some of which are actually banned in Iran. Each candidate has his own buzzwords drawing on his past as a war hero, top adviser to the supreme leader, moderate cleric or peace negotiator. 

SAEED JALILI
      Jalili is a war veteran who lost a leg fighting Iraq in the 1980s—and his posters ooze with sacrifice and nationalism. His slogan, “Resistance is the key to success,” draws on imagery from a war that ended a quarter century ago but still influences politics. This poster encourages Iranians to fulfill their national duty to vote while recalling their past duty to defend the country. A hardliner, Jalili has run the most ideological campaign of the six candidates. He is currently secretary of the Supreme National Security Council and Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator. Jalili accuses other candidates of being too soft on national security issues.
MOHAMMAD-BAQER QALIBAF 
      Qalibaf is a “man of action”― and his posters gush with images of him on the job. Websites and blogs by the “Lovers of Qalibaf” depict the Tehran mayor overseeing the building of bridges, highways and parks to illustrate his slogan: “Jihadi management versus capitalism.” A pragmatic conservative, Qalibaf balances his image as a manager with security credentials. Four pictures on the left are from his days as a Revolutionary Guard on the Iran-Iraq war front.

Medien protestieren gegen verschärfte Internetüberwachung im Iran

Drohungen von Regierungsseite mehren sich im Vorfeld der Präsidentenwahlen

Teheran – Mehrere Vertreter iranischen Medien haben gegen die verschärfte Überwachung des Internets im Vorfeld der Präsidentenwahl am 14. Juni protestiert. „Die Internetüberwachung ist zu einem der größten Probleme für die Medien im Iran geworden“, heißt es in einer Erklärung der Nachrichtenagentur Mehr vom Samstag.

Sicherheitsorganisationen hatten mehrere Nachrichtenagenturen und Online-Dienste entweder geschlossen oder mit Drohungen eingeschüchtert. „Diese Entscheidungen entbehren jeglicher juristischen Grundlage und wurden ohne eine rationale Rechtfertigung getroffen“, heißt es weiter. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Eye on Iran: Dictator’s Account – Now Also Pressure on Twitter

Top Stories

Die Welt (German): „Twitter is now subject to criticism for hosting the accounts of Iranian officials who are forcibly denying their electorate access to the internet in their country. Recently, the American lobbying organization United Against Nuclear Iran (UANI) appealed in an open letter to Facebook, calling for a shutdown of the Supreme Spiritual Leader Ali Khamenei’s site. Now the initiators have contacted Twitter in relation to Khamenei’s account: ‚The Iranian regime is using the account to spread its propaganda, while it excludes its own citizens from Twitter,‘ reads a letter from UANI boss Mark Wallace, who was the U.S. ambassador to the UN from 2006 to 2008. Wallace also reminds Twitter CEO Dick Costolo of the cruel persecution of opposition supporters who used the platform to publicly protest in the aftermath of the disputed 2009 presidential election. But the restriction of Internet freedom in Iran is also associated with brutal repression in other ways. Just last year, the well-known dissident blogger Sattar Beheshti was arrested and died in prison – apparently as a result of torture. The UANI activists are asking Twitter CEO Costolo how this fits with his own remarks praising Twitter’s role in the ‚Arab Spring‘ and declaring that the short message service could ‚change the world‘ by giving a voice to ‚people who have not previously had one.‘ Unlike the oppressed Iranian opposition, the Supreme Spiritual Leader used his Twitter account for rabble rousing. Thus, the letter quotes Khamenei’s tweets to the protesters of the ‚Arab Spring‘: ‚The activists of the Islamic awakening must be vigilant against the unpleasant and horrific experience of Western lifestyle.‘ Or: ‚Israelis a vile entity in the Middle East, which will undoubtedly be destroyed.'“ http://t.uani.com/186x9Rc  Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Welt| Diktatoren-Account – Jetzt auch Druck auf Twitter

Irans Oberster Geistlicher Führer twittert über die Vernichtung Israels und die Gefahren des westlichen Lebensstils – doch wer in seinem Land Twitter benutzen will, sieht schwarz oder wird verfolgt. Von Daniel-Dylan Böhmer

khamenei

Foto: kein credit  – Wutausbrüche auf 140 Zeichen: Der Twitter-Account von Irans Oberstem Geistlichen Führer Ali Chamenei

Nun gerät auch Twitter in die Kritik für die Accounts iranischer Funktionäre, die den Zugang zum Internet in ihrem Land mit Gewalt unterdrücken. Kürzlich hatte sich die amerikanische Lobbying-Organisation United Against a Nuclear Iran (UANI) in einem offenen Brief an Facebook gewandt, und gefordert, die Seite des Obersten Geistlichen Führers Ali Chamenei abzuschalten.

Nun wenden sich die Initiatoren an Twitter wegen des Accounts, den Chamenei dort unterhält: „Das iranische Regime benutzt das Konto, um seine Propaganda zu verbreiten, während es seine eigenen Bürger von Twitter ausschließt“, heißt es in dem Brief von UANI-Chef Mark Wallace, der von 2006 bis 2008 UN-Botschafter der USA war.

Zugleich erinnert Wallace Twitter-Chef Dick Costolo an die grausame Verfolgung von Oppositionsanhängern, die nach der umstrittenen Präsidentenwahl 2009 ihren Protest auf Twitter öffentlich gemacht hatten. Auch sonst ist die Einschränkung der Internet-Freiheit im Iran mit brutalen Repressionen verbunden. Erst im vergangenen Jahr wurde der bekannte regimekritische Blogger Sattar Beheshti inhaftiert und kam im Gefängnis zu Tode – offenbar durch Folter.

Vollständiger Artikel

Iran Special: Images Of Women Supporters In The Presidential Campaign

Over the past week, several of the eight Presidential candidates — especially moderate candidate Hassan Rouhani — have attempted to emphasize that they have female supporters or are reaching out to women voters in their campaigning. EA provides a brief look at some images from the past several days:

Fars News Agency general director Abbas Aslani tweeted a photograph of two women, one a Rouhani supporter and the other supporter of principlist candidate Saeed Jalili, and commented on the difference between them:

Rouhani amended his Twitter page to show photographs of women supporters, and made a special visit to speak to women from Quranic institutions in Tehran’s Gholhak neighborhood:

Rouhani’s Female Supporters Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags

Latest on the Race: How to Follow Candidates

By late May 2013, all eight presidential candidates had set up campaign websites or social media websites. Some of their campaigns even appeared to have made Twitter and Facebook accounts, both of which are blocked in Iran. The candidates’ supporters have also launched dozens of unofficial blogs, websites and social media accounts. The following is a rundown of the candidates’ websites and social media.

Saeed Jalili

Hassan Rouhani

Mohsen Rezaei

 

Ali Akbar Velayati

Facebook supporter page

 

Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel

 

 

 

Mohammad Gharazi

 

 

 

 

Photo Credits:
Mohsen Rezaei by درفش کاویانی (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Hassan Rouhani by Mojtaba Salimi (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0  (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0 )], via Wikimedia Commons

 

Small Media’s Election Monitoring Series

This is the first report in Small Media’s Election Monitoring series. Our research and design teams are working with research specialist Ali Honari to analyse and interpret data collected on Twitter, Facebook and other sources regarding the 2013 Iranian presidential elections.

In this baseline report we look at Tweet frequency, key words, and we introduce you to the template and layout of the reports.

In our upcoming reports we will break down the data and look at sentiment, hot topics, candidate controversies, and social media spats. The story of this image is clearly Rafsanjani’s last minute application for candidacy, and his subsequent disqualification.

Over the coming weeks we’ll be looking at each of the candidates in more depth, now that we know who they are!

Visualisation of Social Media Data about Iran's 2013 Presidential Elections

 

Internet in ‚coma‘ as Iran presidential election looms

‚It only happens in Iran: the election comes, the Internet goes and all social networks are censored‘ says one Iranian daily

Iran is tightening control of the Internet ahead of next month’s presidential election, mindful of violent street protests that social networkers inspired last time around over claims of fraud, users and experts say.

The authorities deny such claims, but have not explained exactly why service has become slower.

Businesses, banks and even state organisations are not spared by the widespread disruption in the Internet, local media say.“The Internet is in a coma,“ said the Ghanoon daily in a report in early this month.“It only happens in Iran: the election comes, the Internet goes,“ it said, quoting a tweet in Farsi.

Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and numerous other sites, including thousands of Western ones, have been censored in Iran since massive street demonstrations that followed the re-election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2009Those protests — stifled by a heavy-handed crackdown that led to numerous arrests and even deaths — were instigated online and observers say the authorities are choking the Internet to prevent a recurrence.

One DVD vendor, who sells illegal copies of Western movies downloaded online, said „you can forget about downloading stuff; the bandwidth drops every other minute.“

A network supervisor at a major Internet service provider in Tehran said his company had been unable to address complaints about slower speeds, particularly accessing pages using the HTTPS secure communications protocol.

„Browsing (the net) is difficult due to the low speed. Even checking emails is a pain,“ he said.“Sometimes, loading a secure Google page takes a few long seconds,“ he added. Like others interviewed for this article, he did not want to be identified for fear of retribution.

The problem is not limited to slower speeds, but also affects what people can actually access in a country whose rulers take great care in seeking to ensure that people do not see or read things deemed to be inappropriate.Earlier this month, an Iranian IT website reported that the last remaining software that enables users to bypass filters imposed on net traffic „has become practically inaccessible.“

Among such software is the virtual private network (VPN), which lets people circumvent the filtering of websites.VPN uses certain protocols to connect to servers outside Iran. In that way, the computer appears to be based in another country and bypasses the filters.

Blocking these protocols could theoretically contribute to slower speeds.Use of VPN, or its sale, is illegal in Iran on the official grounds that it is insecure and allows access to material deemed as depraved, criminal or politically offensive.Ramezanali Sobhani-Fard, head of the parliamentary communications committee, said VPN was blocked in early March, which has contributed to slowing the Internet, media reported.

He did not elaborate.

 

— ‚I cannot ignore the timing‘ —

 

Authorities refuse to officially confirm the new restraints, but former officials and media reports have accused the Supreme Council of Cyberspace of ordering them.The council, set up in March 2012, is tasked with guarding Iranians from „dangers“ on the Internet while enabling „a maximum utilisation of its opportunities.“

The information and communication technology (ICT) ministry did not respond to AFP requests for an interview on the issue.The complaints come as Iran prepares to elect its new president on June 14, but the authorities reject claims that there is any link with that and the current problems.

„Many parameters are involved in the Internet’s speed, but the election drawing near is not one of them,“ a deputy ICT minister, Ali Hakim Javadi, said in early May.

His remarks have failed to allay concerns among an officially estimated 34 million net users out of a population of 75 million.“Even if I wanted to believe it, I cannot ignore the timing,“ said Ali, a computer engineer.The disruptions are also linked to Iran’s stated plan of rolling out a national intranet that it says will be faster, more secure and clean of „inappropriate“ content, observers say.

Critics say the unfinished „National Information Network“ could expose Iranians to state monitoring once operational. They argue that a „National VPN“ service launched in March could be a test run.

Users of the state-approved VPN service, available to select businesses reportedly at a monthly rate of 4,000,000 rials ($115, 88 euros), say it provides a relatively fast connection to select global websites.

The illegal VPN was available for as little as $50 for a full year.“You can actually get some work done with this VPN. But it is almost as if you are paying the government to spy on you,“ said one business user wary that his privacy could be violated.The intranet could theoretically enable the regime to shut down the Internet at sensitive times, or effectively slow down it to a point where it is unusable.

But the authorities insist the network will co-exist with the Internet.And a Tehran-based Western diplomat, speaking on condition of anonymity, was also sceptical. „It is unlikely that Iran would implement more restrictions, as that would render its Internet inoperable to its people, businesses and even (governmental) organisations that heavily rely on it,“ said the diplomat.

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