Stellungnahmen und rechtliche Einschätzungen zu relevanten Themenfeldern sind ein wichtiger Teil der Arbeit von UNHCR. Nach Themen sortierte Dokumente finden Sie unter dem Navigations-Reiter „Recht“.
To Guido Westerwelle,
Re: UN General Assembly Draft Resolution on the Right to Privacy in the Digital Age
Flüchtlingshilfe Iran e.V. is part of a broad coalition of nearly 300 organizations around the world that have come together to take a stand against unchecked surveillance by promoting the International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance.
The International Principles, which are attached to this letter, are intended to explain how existing human rights standards and international law apply to the new capabilities of, and risks attendant to, digital surveillance.
As you are aware, Germany and Brazil recently and jointly presented a draft resolution to the United Nations’ General Assembly on the right to privacy in the digital age. The resolution asks the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to issue a report on the issues. We write to urge you to support this resolution.
The resolution is significant in many respects, but particularly because:
1. If passed, it would be the first UN General Assembly resolution on the right to privacy since 1988. It therefore represents an excellent opportunity for States to update their understandings of international human rights law in the context of the massive technological advances that have taken place over the last 25 years.
2. The draft resolution would be the first official recognition by the General Assembly of the threat that mass surveillance poses to the human rights of people across the world. It would also be the first chance to condemn this practice at the international level. The draft resolution asks the General Assembly to declare that it is “deeply concerned at human rights violations and abuses that may result from the conduct of any surveillance of communications, including extraterritorial surveillance of communications, their interception, as well as the collection of personal data, in particular massive surveillance, interception and data collection”. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
Hans ten Feld ist der neue Vertreter des Hohen Flüchtlingskommissars der Vereinten Nationen (UNHCR) in Deutschland. Dies teilte UNHCR am 11. November 2013 mit.
Der 58-jährige Niederländer arbeitet seit über 30 Jahren für UNHCR und hatte dabei verschiedene Funktionen u.a. in Sambia, Indien, Neuseeland sowie in der Genfer Zentrale der Organisation inne. Zuletzt war er Vertreter des Hohen Flüchtlingskommissars in Rangun (Myanmar). Bereits zwischen 1989 und 1994 war er in der Funktion des stellvertretenden UNHCR-Vertreters in Deutschland tätig.
Ten Feld löst den bisherigen Vertreter Michael Lindenbauer ab, der zum 1. Oktober 2013 die Leitung des UNHCR-Büros in Tokio übernommen hatte.
Parva Rahmanian and her family used to run a flower shop in Iran – until the government revoked their business license.
The reason given was simple: as Baha’is, they were „unclean“ – and so were their floral designs. The uncleanliness of the Baha’is was, to the world’s great shock and outrage, the subject of a recent fatwa by the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.
„We received a letter from the Justice Bureau saying that as a florist one’s hands get wet while decorating flowers, and given that Baha’is are considered unclean by the high-ranking clerics…, the work permit was revoked,“ says Ms. Rahmanian in a new video released today by the Baha’i International Community.
Ms. Rahmanian’s story is one of many personal accounts of persecution faced by Iranian Baha’is featured in the 17-minute video, which is titled „Violence with Impunity“ and is available on the BIC’s YouTube channel.
The new production, which is available in English and Persian, is based in part on a recent report of the BIC with the same title, which was released in March. However, the video also features numerous new interviews done over the last six months in the United States and Europe.
„This new video takes the dramatic statistics documented in our earlier report and illustrates them with personal accounts of what it means to live in a country where the very authorities that are supposed to protect your rights are the ones behind your oppression,“ said Diane Ala’i, a representative of the Baha’i International Community to the United Nations in Geneva.
Naim Sobhani, for example, describes what it was like as a child growing up in Iran and having to face vilification from teachers.
“ ‚These Bahai’s are dirty, they are unethical, they are unclean non-believers, do not dine with them, do not socialize with them, do not befriend them,'“ he recounts his teachers as saying. „As a child in the elementary school, hearing the teacher saying this sort of things in a classroom to your classmates in the class,“ said Mr. Sobhani, who now lives in the United States.
Also featured are several human rights activists.
Mahnaz Parakand, an attorney who defended Baha’is before having to flee Iran herself, talks about how the government uses false charges of espionage to prosecute and imprison Baha’is.
„The only reason they cite for espionage on the part of the Baha’is is that the shrines of the great figures of the Baha’i Faith are located in Israel, which are considered sites of pilgrimage for the Baha’is,“ said Ms. Parakand.
„As a Muslim, when I go to Saudi Arabia for pilgrimage, does the mere fact that the House of God, the Kaaba, is located in Saudi Arabia mean all Muslims in the world could be spying for Saudi Arabia in their native countries?“ she said.
Karim Lahidji, president of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), says Iran’s policy has been „to increase the pressure on the Bahai community so that in the best case scenario they would relinquish their beliefs.“
The original report documents a rising tide of violence directed against the Iranian Baha’i community – and the degree to which attackers enjoy complete impunity from prosecution or punishment.
From 2005 through 2012, for example, there were 52 cases where Baha’is have been held in solitary confinement, and another 52 incidents where Baha’is have been physically assaulted. Some 49 incidents of arson against Baha’i homes and shops, more than 30 cases of vandalism, and at least 42 incidents of cemetery desecration were also documented.
Rita Yahan Farouz (ehem. Rita Kleinstein, hebräisch ריטה; * 24. März 1962 als Rita Yahan Farouz (Pers ریتا جہان فروز ) in Teheran, Iran) ist eine erfolgreiche israelische Sängerin. Ihre Familie stammt ursprünglich aus dem Iran und wanderte 1970 nach Israel aus.
1986 scheiterte Rita bei der israelischen Vorentscheidung zum Eurovision Song Contest. 1990 gewann sie die Vorentscheidung mit dem Lied Shara Barekhovot(dt.: „Singt in den Straßen“) und nahm so als Vertreterin Israels in Zagreb teil. Sie erreichte jedoch nur den 18. Platz bei 22 Teilnehmern.
Rita war verheiratet mit dem israelischen Musiker Rami Kleinstein. Die beiden haben zwei Töchter: Meshi und Noam. Im September 2008 gab das Paar seine Trennung bekannt.
Am 22. Juni 2011 erschien ihre neue persische Single, Shane.
Am 5. März 2013 sang sie vor der Generalversammlung der Vereinten Nationen in persischer, englischer und hebräischer Sprache.
Das Übereinkommen zur Beseitigung jeder Form von Diskriminierung der Frau (Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW) war das erste rechtsverbindliche Instrument, das Frauen international umfassende Rechte gegen Diskriminierung gewährt. Insofern baut es auf dem allgemeinen Diskriminierungsverbot des Art. 2 I des Internationalen Paktes über bürgerliche und politische Rechte (IPbpR) auf und konkretisiert es. Seit seiner Annahme durch die Generalversammlung der VN am 18. Dezember 1979 (Res. 34/180) sind ihm 186 Staaten durch Ratifikation beigetreten (Stand: Juli 2011). Nicht beigetreten sind der Iran, Somalia, Sudan, kleinere Staaten aus dem Pazifik sowie die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland ist das Übereinkommen am 13. November 1985 in Kraft getreten (BGBl. 1985 II 1234); die ehemalige DDR ratifizierte es bereits am 9. Juli 1980. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
The top United Nations official in Iraq today welcomed the relocation to Albania of 27 residents from an exile camp near western Baghdad.
„A total of 71 men and women now have safely arrived in Albania and have benefited from the Government of Albania’s offer to accept 210 of the Camp’s residents,“ said the UN Special Representative for the Secretary-General and head of the UN Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI), Martin Kobler.
Some 3,000 residents, most of them members of a group known as the People’s Mojahedeen of Iran, are temporarily housed in a transit facility called Camp Liberty – also know as Camp Hurriya – while the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) carries out a process to determine their refugee status.
Mr. Kobler said in addition to Albania, Germany has offered to relocate some 100 residents. The departure of the group from Iraq is in accordance with the memorandum of understanding of 25 December 2011, which foresees the relocation of the residents to third countries.
„I once again thank both countries‘ governments for their generosity and call on other Member States to receive residents as well,“ the UN envoy said.
The relocation comes just days after two people were reportedly killed and dozens injured in a mortar attack to the camp.
„Last week’s tragic events have once again shown how important it is to relocate the residents to third countries as quickly as possible,“ Mr. Kobler noted.
The camp had previously been attacked in February while most of the residents were sleeping. The attack resulted in six deaths and various injuries.
Source: UN News Service
Healing torture survivors: A call for action on the International Day in support of victims of torture
“I was savagely beaten and repeatedly raped,” says Sabeen, a Syrian 24-year-old refugee and torture survivor. “I had my hands and feet bound and was held captive for three weeks.”
Sabeen is tall and shy. She recounts the events of March 2012 when, along with her cousin and brother, she was kidnapped by armed men and taken to a home in a nearby community. “During the captivity I was forced to watch as my cousin and brother were beaten and then murdered.”
With her remaining family members, Sabeen managed to flee to Amman, Jordan. The effects of the torture started to show: she suffered from headaches, chronic pain, depression, anxiety and nightmares.
She was referred to the Center for Victims of Torture (CVT) by her mother, who had attended a community awareness raising event in which CVT staff explained the effects of torture and how survivors could receive help.
CVT, a non-governmental organization that provides mental health, physical therapy and social services to victims of torture, was awarded at the end of 2012 a twelve-month emergency grant by the UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture to provide direct assistance to Syrian refugee torture survivors in Jordan.
The Fund, which is entirely reliant on annual voluntary contributions received from Governments, the private sector, and individuals, disburses grants to a wide variety of organizations that provide psychological, medical, social, legal and economic assistance to victims of torture to rebuild their lives. Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags
In anticipation of 26 June, the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, JFI is announcing the on-line release of its documentary Final Moments. In this groundbreaking production victims and witnesses recall experiences involving rape of virgin girls prior to execution and sexual torture at the hands of Islamic Republic prison authorities since 1979.
The film was premiered at JFI’s recent international symposium on 8 June in London, United Kingdom, marking the completion of its two-year-long research project on the issue of sexual torture over the past 34 years in Islamic Republic prisons. During the symposium JFI focussed on its bipartite in-depth report, Crimes and Impunity, highlighting the illegal nature of state policies that have left thousands of victims without legal recourse to physical or emotional rehabilitation and compensation. “The Islamic Republic authorities deny their role in subjecting countless citizens to torture of any kind and justify sexual torture, such as rape of virgins prior to execution, in the name of Islam,” said Shadi Sadr, the Executive Director of Justice for Iran.
Almost two hundred victims voluntarily provided testimonies pertaining to horrific details of various forms of torture they were subjected to while in custody. In addition to Crimes and Impunity JFI produced a policy brief Raped Out of Paradise outlining illegal Islamic Republic policies tantamount to crimes against humanity, and steps foreign policy makers, the international community including the European Union and the United Nations, must take to end the culture of impunity prevalent among Islamic Republic authorities and agencies.
Through the on-line release of Final Moments JFI calls on the Islamic Republic of Iran, a signatory of the International Bill of Human Rights, to live up to its state responsibilities by both protecting the rights of Iranians who have been subjected to torture in Islamic Republic prisons and preventing future violations.
To mark this UN international day a number of independent experts have highlighted the practice of torture throughout the globe, the need for a victim-centric approach to its elimination and the steps necessary to not only seek reparation but to prevent future violations. The call for action to mark this important day is available at: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/Acallforactioninsupportofvictimsoftorture.aspx
To find out more about JFI and its recent publications and production on sexual torture in Iran, and to arrange an interview email Media Desk at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: UN News Center
A group of United Nations experts today warned that measures preventing women and other citizens from running for presidential office in Iran constitute a serious violation of rights guaranteed by international law.
An Iranian woman registering as a candidate for president
Last week, Iran’s Guardian Council, a 12-member body of theologians and jurists which vets presidential candidates, approved only eight individuals out of the 686 people registered for the 14 June election. The 30 female candidates that applied were disqualified, as well as other key political figures, raising concerns about the fairness and transparency of the vetting procedures.
„This mass disqualification including that of women wishing to stand in the presidential elections is discriminatory and violates fundamental right to political participation, and runs contrary to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Iran has ratified,“ said the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran, Ahmed Shaheed.
„Any restrictions on this right must be based on objective and reasonable criteria without distinction of any kind, including race, gender, religion, and political or other opinion,“ the expert said in a news release from the UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR). Lies den Rest dieses Beitrags